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習近平論“三農”工作和鄉村振興戰略(2012年11月8日以前)②
發布時間: 2018-09-10 11:35:00    作者:    來源:火狐体育

要(yao)按照統籌區域發(fa)(fa)展的要(yao)求,深(shen)入實施“欠(qian)發(fa)(fa)達(da)鄉鎮奔小康”“山海(hai)協作”“百億幫扶(fu)致(zhi)富”三(san)大(da)工程,充分發(fa)(fa)揮欠(qian)發(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)區的比較(jiao)優(you)勢,加大(da)對欠(qian)發(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)區的扶(fu)持力度,大(da)力發(fa)(fa)展符合(he)欠(qian)發(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)區特點的一、二、三(san)產(chan)業,努力把欠(qian)發(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)區建設成為綠(lv)色(se)農(nong)產(chan)品生(sheng)產(chan)基(ji)地(di)、生(sheng)態(tai)型(xing)的勞動密集型(xing)制(zhi)造業基(ji)地(di)、農(nong)村勞動力輸出基(ji)地(di)、旅(lv)游觀光(guang)勝(sheng)地(di)和綠(lv)色(se)生(sheng)態(tai)屏(ping)障。

習近平2005年1月7日(ri)在浙(zhe)江省農(nong)村工作會議上的講話,選自《干在實處(chu)走(zou)在前列》,中共中央黨校出版社,2006年12月版

充分(fen)發(fa)(fa)(fa)揮欠(qian)(qian)(qian)發(fa)(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)(qu)的(de)生(sheng)態(tai)資源和(he)(he)特色(se)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)優勢,促進(jin)綠色(se)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)和(he)(he)特色(se)農(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展。實施農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)化扶貧,大力(li)(li)扶持(chi)和(he)(he)培(pei)育扶貧龍(long)頭企(qi)業(ye)(ye)和(he)(he)專(zhuan)業(ye)(ye)合作社,引導發(fa)(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)(qu)龍(long)頭企(qi)業(ye)(ye)到欠(qian)(qian)(qian)發(fa)(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)(qu)建立農(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)生(sheng)產(chan)和(he)(he)加(jia)工(gong)基地(di)(di)。發(fa)(fa)(fa)揮欠(qian)(qian)(qian)發(fa)(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)(qu)勞動力(li)(li)和(he)(he)山區(qu)(qu)(qu)資源優勢,依托縣城和(he)(he)工(gong)業(ye)(ye)集(ji)聚區(qu)(qu)(qu),培(pei)育和(he)(he)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展生(sheng)態(tai)型的(de)勞動密(mi)集(ji)型制造業(ye)(ye)基地(di)(di)。促進(jin)發(fa)(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)(qu)的(de)勞動密(mi)集(ji)型產(chan)業(ye)(ye)向(xiang)欠(qian)(qian)(qian)發(fa)(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)(qu)轉移,大力(li)(li)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展以城帶鄉的(de)來(lai)料加(jia)工(gong),鼓勵(li)各類企(qi)業(ye)(ye)把(ba)符合環保要求、對農(nong)(nong)(nong)民增收作用明顯的(de)勞動密(mi)集(ji)型產(chan)品(pin)或配件(jian)加(jia)工(gong)擴散(san)到欠(qian)(qian)(qian)發(fa)(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)(qu)。把(ba)欠(qian)(qian)(qian)發(fa)(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)(qu)山水(shui)生(sheng)態(tai)優勢與(yu)村莊(zhuang)整治、綠色(se)生(sheng)態(tai)家園建設、庭院經濟結合起來(lai),因地(di)(di)制宜地(di)(di)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展山區(qu)(qu)(qu)特色(se)的(de)休閑(xian)觀光旅游等(deng)第(di)三(san)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)。高度重視(shi)欠(qian)(qian)(qian)發(fa)(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)(qu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村勞動力(li)(li)素質培(pei)訓和(he)(he)轉移就(jiu)業(ye)(ye),進(jin)一步加(jia)強欠(qian)(qian)(qian)發(fa)(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)(qu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)民就(jiu)業(ye)(ye)技能培(pei)訓和(he)(he)就(jiu)業(ye)(ye)指導,促進(jin)欠(qian)(qian)(qian)發(fa)(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)(qu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村勞動力(li)(li)跨區(qu)(qu)(qu)域就(jiu)業(ye)(ye)。

習近平2005年(nian)(nian)1月7日在浙江(jiang)省農村工作會(hui)議上的講話,選自(zi)《干在實(shi)處(chu)走(zou)在前列(lie)》,中共中央黨(dang)校出(chu)版社,2006年(nian)(nian)12月版

進(jin)(jin)一步(bu)優化欠(qian)發達(da)山區(qu)人口布(bu)局,改善(shan)基礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)施條件。大(da)(da)力(li)(li)(li)(li)推(tui)進(jin)(jin)下(xia)山脫(tuo)貧,加(jia)大(da)(da)資金(jin)扶持(chi)(chi)力(li)(li)(li)(li)度,安排(pai)專項用(yong)地(di)(di)指(zhi)標,依托(tuo)縣城(cheng)、中心(xin)鎮和(he)各類(lei)產業(ye)園(yuan)區(qu),建(jian)立(li)下(xia)山移(yi)民(min)小區(qu),加(jia)快高(gao)山、深山、庫區(qu)、地(di)(di)質災害頻(pin)發區(qu)農民(min)下(xia)山和(he)自然村(cun)的(de)(de)并(bing)村(cun)搬遷,積極(ji)鼓勵跨(kua)區(qu)域(yu)下(xia)山脫(tuo)貧,完(wan)成(cheng)每年(nian)5萬人口的(de)(de)下(xia)山脫(tuo)貧目標。加(jia)大(da)(da)基礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)施建(jian)設(she)(she)(she)力(li)(li)(li)(li)度是加(jia)快欠(qian)發達(da)山區(qu)和(he)海(hai)島漁區(qu)發展(zhan)的(de)(de)關(guan)鍵。要通過(guo)實(shi)施“百億幫(bang)扶致富”工(gong)程,整體推(tui)進(jin)(jin)欠(qian)發達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)的(de)(de)交通、水利(li)、電力(li)(li)(li)(li)、通訊、生態等工(gong)程建(jian)設(she)(she)(she),提高(gao)基礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)施的(de)(de)共(gong)享性和(he)綜合效(xiao)應。進(jin)(jin)一步(bu)加(jia)大(da)(da)結(jie)對(dui)幫(bang)扶和(he)“山海(hai)協作”力(li)(li)(li)(li)度,創(chuang)新扶貧機制,拓(tuo)寬區(qu)域(yu)協作和(he)結(jie)對(dui)幫(bang)扶領(ling)域(yu)。廣(guang)泛開展(zhan)互惠互利(li)的(de)(de)區(qu)域(yu)協作,積極(ji)探索跨(kua)區(qu)域(yu)農業(ye)產業(ye)化經營(ying)和(he)下(xia)山移(yi)民(min)的(de)(de)途徑,扶貧的(de)(de)各項舉措都要通過(guo)項目的(de)(de)實(shi)施整體帶動(dong)貧困村(cun)、貧困戶發展(zhan)生產、增(zeng)加(jia)收入(ru)。進(jin)(jin)一步(bu)落(luo)實(shi)結(jie)對(dui)幫(bang)扶單位(wei)的(de)(de)責任,加(jia)大(da)(da)結(jie)對(dui)幫(bang)扶力(li)(li)(li)(li)度,各結(jie)對(dui)單位(wei)每年(nian)都要落(luo)實(shi)一定(ding)資金(jin),并(bing)在勞動(dong)就業(ye)、產業(ye)發展(zhan)、人才培養(yang)等方面廣(guang)泛開展(zhan)幫(bang)扶活動(dong),支持(chi)(chi)欠(qian)發達(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)實(shi)現(xian)跨(kua)越式發展(zhan)。

習近平2005年1月(yue)7日在(zai)浙(zhe)江(jiang)省(sheng)農村工作(zuo)會(hui)議上(shang)的講話(hua),選自(zi)《干(gan)在(zai)實處走(zou)在(zai)前列(lie)》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央(yang)黨校出(chu)版社,2006年12月(yue)版

立黨為公、執政為民是黨的根本(ben)宗旨,農(nong)民占(zhan)人口的絕(jue)大(da)多數是中國的基本(ben)國情,工農(nong)聯(lian)盟是黨執政的政治基礎,農(nong)業(ye)(ye)是安天下、穩(wen)民心(xin)的戰略產業(ye)(ye),“三農(nong)”問(wen)題始終與我們黨和國家(jia)的事業(ye)(ye)休戚相關。

我們強(qiang)調務(wu)必執(zhi)政(zheng)為民(min)重(zhong)(zhong)“三(san)(san)農(nong)”,就(jiu)是(shi)要(yao)牢固(gu)確立“三(san)(san)農(nong)”問(wen)(wen)題(ti)是(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)根本問(wen)(wen)題(ti)的思想(xiang),始終(zhong)把解(jie)決好“三(san)(san)農(nong)”問(wen)(wen)題(ti)作為全黨工作的重(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)(zhong)之重(zhong)(zhong),在任何時候都不(bu)動搖;就(jiu)是(shi)要(yao)從執(zhi)政(zheng)興國(guo)(guo)的戰略(lve)(lve)高(gao)度,充分(fen)發(fa)揮農(nong)民(min)群眾在“三(san)(san)農(nong)”發(fa)展(zhan)中(zhong)(zhong)的主體作用和(he)黨委(wei)、政(zheng)府的主導作用,不(bu)斷(duan)增(zeng)強(qiang)解(jie)決“三(san)(san)農(nong)”問(wen)(wen)題(ti)的本領(ling);就(jiu)是(shi)要(yao)堅持(chi)黨政(zheng)主要(yao)領(ling)導親自抓“三(san)(san)農(nong)”工作,自覺地把“重(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)(zhong)之重(zhong)(zhong)”的要(yao)求(qiu)落實(shi)到領(ling)導決策、戰略(lve)(lve)規劃、財(cai)政(zheng)投入、工作部署(shu)和(he)政(zheng)績考(kao)核上來,形(xing)成全社會支持(chi)農(nong)業、關愛農(nong)民(min)、服務(wu)農(nong)村的強(qiang)大合力和(he)良(liang)好氛(fen)圍。

習(xi)近平(ping): 《務(wu)必執政為(wei)民重“三農”》(2005年1月10日),選自《之江(jiang)新語》,浙江(jiang)人民出版社(she),2007年8月版

要全(quan)面(mian)理解以(yi)人為(wei)本謀(mou)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)深刻含(han)義(yi),在宏(hong)觀調控中(zhong)著力增(zeng)強(qiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)礎地位,千方(fang)百(bai)計提(ti)高農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)綜合(he)生產(chan)能力,促進農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)增(zeng)效、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)增(zeng)收、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)發(fa)展,使(shi)(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)成為(wei)能使(shi)(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)致(zhi)富(fu)的(de)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye),使(shi)(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)不但成為(wei)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)現(xian)代化的(de)主力軍,而且(qie)成為(wei)工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)化、城市化的(de)積(ji)極參與者和成果享受者,使(shi)(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)成為(wei)能使(shi)(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)安居樂業(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)新社區。我們(men)強(qiang)調務必以(yi)人為(wei)本謀(mou)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”,就(jiu)是(shi)(shi)要以(yi)科學發(fa)展觀統領“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo),把我們(men)黨一切(qie)為(wei)了(le)群眾、一切(qie)依靠群眾的(de)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)路線(xian)貫穿于“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)的(de)各(ge)個方(fang)面(mian);就(jiu)是(shi)(shi)要明確“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問題(ti)的(de)核心是(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)問題(ti),農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)問題(ti)的(de)核心是(shi)(shi)增(zeng)進利益和保障(zhang)權益問題(ti);就(jiu)是(shi)(shi)要把切(qie)實(shi)提(ti)高農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)素質(zhi)(zhi)、實(shi)現(xian)人的(de)全(quan)面(mian)發(fa)展,作(zuo)為(wei)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)的(de)根(gen)本出發(fa)點(dian)和落腳點(dian),實(shi)現(xian)好、維護好、發(fa)展好農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)的(de)物(wu)質(zhi)(zhi)利益和民(min)(min)主權利,不斷增(zeng)強(qiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)群眾的(de)自我發(fa)展能力。

習近(jin)平: 《務必以人為(wei)本(ben)謀“三(san)農”》(2005年1月11日),選自《之江新語》,浙(zhe)江人民(min)出版社,2007年8月版

農(nong)(nong)業(ye)與二、三(san)(san)產業(ye)、城市(shi)與農(nong)(nong)村存(cun)在著非(fei)常緊密的(de)(de)依存(cun)關系(xi)。工農(nong)(nong)關系(xi)、城鄉關系(xi)始終是(shi)現(xian)代化(hua)建設(she)進程中(zhong)必須處(chu)理(li)好而又容易(yi)出偏差的(de)(de)一(yi)個具(ju)有全(quan)局意義的(de)(de)問題(ti)(ti)。正確處(chu)理(li)城鄉關系(xi)、工農(nong)(nong)關系(xi),實現(xian)一(yi)、二、三(san)(san)產業(ye)協(xie)調發展(zhan)(zhan)和城鄉共(gong)同(tong)進步,是(shi)構(gou)建現(xian)代和諧社會的(de)(de)重(zhong)要基礎,是(shi)現(xian)代化(hua)進程中(zhong)最(zui)重(zhong)要、最(zui)棘手的(de)(de)一(yi)大難題(ti)(ti),也是(shi)關系(xi)“三(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)”發展(zhan)(zhan)能否取得成(cheng)效的(de)(de)重(zhong)大問題(ti)(ti)。

工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)化、城市(shi)化、市(shi)場化,是推動“三農”發(fa)展和(he)現代化建設的強大動力,農業(ye)(ye)勞(lao)動生(sheng)產(chan)率(lv)和(he)綜合(he)生(sheng)產(chan)能力的不斷提(ti)(ti)高,是工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)化、城市(shi)化水平(ping)不斷提(ti)(ti)升的必要條件。只(zhi)有(you)(you)農村人口(kou)和(he)農村勞(lao)動力不斷有(you)(you)序(xu)轉入城市(shi)與二、三產(chan)業(ye)(ye),工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)和(he)城市(shi)的發(fa)展才會有(you)(you)持續(xu)的動力,才會充滿生(sheng)機活力。

習(xi)近平: 《務(wu)必統籌城鄉興(xing)“三農”》(2005年1月12日),選自(zi)《之(zhi)江新語》,浙江人民(min)出版社,2007年8月版

我們強調務必統籌(chou)(chou)城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)興“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)”,就(jiu)是要(yao)站在經(jing)濟(ji)社會(hui)(hui)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)全局(ju)(ju)的(de)高度,確立以統籌(chou)(chou)城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)方(fang)略解決(jue)“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)”問題的(de)新思路,實(shi)行工業反(fan)哺農(nong)(nong)(nong)業、城(cheng)(cheng)市支(zhi)持(chi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村的(de)方(fang)針;就(jiu)是要(yao)把(ba)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業的(de)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)放到(dao)整個國(guo)民經(jing)濟(ji)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)中(zhong)統籌(chou)(chou)考慮,把(ba)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村的(de)繁榮進步放到(dao)整個社會(hui)(hui)進步中(zhong)統籌(chou)(chou)規劃,把(ba)農(nong)(nong)(nong)民的(de)增收(shou)放到(dao)國(guo)民收(shou)入分(fen)(fen)配的(de)總(zong)格局(ju)(ju)中(zhong)統籌(chou)(chou)安排(pai);就(jiu)是要(yao)把(ba)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村和(he)城(cheng)(cheng)市作為一個有機(ji)統一的(de)整體(ti)(ti)統籌(chou)(chou)協調,充分(fen)(fen)發(fa)(fa)揮(hui)城(cheng)(cheng)市對農(nong)(nong)(nong)村的(de)帶動作用(yong)和(he)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村對城(cheng)(cheng)市的(de)促(cu)(cu)進作用(yong),形成以城(cheng)(cheng)帶鄉(xiang)、以工促(cu)(cu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)、城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)互動、協調發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)體(ti)(ti)制(zhi)和(he)機(ji)制(zhi)。

習近平: 《務必(bi)統(tong)籌城(cheng)鄉(xiang)興“三(san)農”》(2005年1月12日),選(xuan)自《之江新語》,浙江人民出版(ban)社(she),2007年8月版(ban)

改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)開(kai)放是(shi)(shi)強國(guo)(guo)之路,是(shi)(shi)社(she)(she)會主義現代(dai)化(hua)建(jian)設(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)根(gen)本動力(li)(li),也是(shi)(shi)推動農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村經(jing)濟(ji)社(she)(she)會發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)不(bu)竭(jie)動力(li)(li)。從家庭聯產承包責任制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)開(kai)始的(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge),極(ji)大(da)(da)地解放和(he)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)了農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村生產力(li)(li),激(ji)發(fa)(fa)了廣大(da)(da)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民群(qun)(qun)眾的(de)(de)(de)(de)積極(ji)性,也推動了整個(ge)經(jing)濟(ji)體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)。隨(sui)著市場經(jing)濟(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)深(shen)入發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),宏觀體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)仍然滯后于微觀體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge),城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)不(bu)配套等問(wen)題日漸突出,城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)分割(ge)的(de)(de)(de)(de)二元(yuan)結構(gou)和(he)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度安(an)排,嚴(yan)重制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)約著城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)一體(ti)化(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)推進(jin),越來越成為(wei)影響“三(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)障礙(ai),改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)又到(dao)(dao)了一個(ge)新(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)攻堅(jian)階(jie)段(duan)。當前,我省(sheng)已進(jin)入工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)化(hua)和(he)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市化(hua)加速(su)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)階(jie)段(duan),這也是(shi)(shi)以(yi)(yi)(yi)工(gong)(gong)促農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)、以(yi)(yi)(yi)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)帶(dai)鄉(xiang)(xiang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)階(jie)段(duan)。在這一新(xin)階(jie)段(duan),通過深(shen)化(hua)改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge),著力(li)(li)破除城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)障礙(ai),妥善(shan)解決各類社(she)(she)會矛(mao)(mao)盾的(de)(de)(de)(de)任務(wu)十(shi)分緊迫。要真正破除城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)壁壘,解決城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)矛(mao)(mao)盾,給農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民以(yi)(yi)(yi)公平(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)國(guo)(guo)民待遇、完(wan)整的(de)(de)(de)(de)財產權利和(he)平(ping)等的(de)(de)(de)(de)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)機(ji)會,為(wei)縮(suo)(suo)小城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)差距開(kai)辟道路,還(huan)有大(da)(da)量艱巨的(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作要做。必(bi)須積極(ji)探索(suo),切(qie)實提高改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)開(kai)放促“三(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)自覺性,充(chong)分尊重群(qun)(qun)眾的(de)(de)(de)(de)首(shou)創精神(shen),以(yi)(yi)(yi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)是(shi)(shi)否發(fa)(fa)達、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民是(shi)(shi)否滿意(yi)、城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)差距是(shi)(shi)否縮(suo)(suo)小為(wei)檢驗標(biao)準,努(nu)力(li)(li)以(yi)(yi)(yi)改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)開(kai)放促進(jin)“三(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作,把城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)一體(ti)化(hua)建(jian)設(she)提高到(dao)(dao)一個(ge)新(xin)水平(ping)。我們強調務(wu)必(bi)改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)開(kai)放促“三(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”,就是(shi)(shi)要以(yi)(yi)(yi)與(yu)時俱進(jin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)精神(shen)狀(zhuang)態和(he)強烈的(de)(de)(de)(de)政(zheng)治責任感(gan)深(shen)入推進(jin)改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)開(kai)放,不(bu)斷(duan)為(wei)“三(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)添活(huo)力(li)(li)、強動力(li)(li)、增后勁;就是(shi)(shi)要致力(li)(li)于推進(jin)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)配套的(de)(de)(de)(de)各項改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge),革(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)(ge)除一切(qie)影響“三(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)弊(bi)端(duan),建(jian)立(li)有利于消除城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)二元(yuan)結構(gou)的(de)(de)(de)(de)機(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)和(he)體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi);就是(shi)(shi)要以(yi)(yi)(yi)開(kai)放促發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),大(da)(da)力(li)(li)實施“走出去”“引進(jin)來”的(de)(de)(de)(de)戰略,不(bu)斷(duan)拓展(zhan)(zhan)“三(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)新(xin)空間。

習近平: 《務必改革開放促“三農”》(2005年1月13日(ri)),選(xuan)自《之(zhi)江新語(yu)》,浙江人(ren)民出版社,2007年8月版

求真務(wu)實(shi)(shi),是(shi)馬克思主義者必須一以貫之(zhi)的(de)科學精神和工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)作(zuo)(zuo)風。弘揚求真務(wu)實(shi)(shi)精神,大(da)興求真務(wu)實(shi)(shi)之(zhi)風,總的(de)就是(shi)要(yao)我們去(qu)求社會主義現代化建設客觀規律(lv)之(zhi)真,務(wu)謀(mou)最廣大(da)人民根(gen)本(ben)利益之(zhi)實(shi)(shi)。搞好新(xin)時期新(xin)階段的(de)“三農(nong)”工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),更需要(yao)我們保持和發揚求真務(wu)實(shi)(shi)的(de)精神。

要求真(zhen),是(shi)(shi)因(yin)為(wei)“三(san)農”問題(ti)(ti)(ti)具有(you)(you)很強的(de)(de)(de)綜合性、復(fu)雜(za)性、動態性,受(shou)到多種(zhong)因(yin)素的(de)(de)(de)影響,既(ji)有(you)(you)計(ji)劃經濟(ji)時代遺留(liu)的(de)(de)(de)問題(ti)(ti)(ti),也有(you)(you)市(shi)場化(hua)(hua)、工業化(hua)(hua)、城(cheng)市(shi)化(hua)(hua)進程(cheng)中新出現(xian)的(de)(de)(de)問題(ti)(ti)(ti);既(ji)有(you)(you)“三(san)農”自身(shen)存在的(de)(de)(de)問題(ti)(ti)(ti),也有(you)(you)城(cheng)鄉(xiang)二元(yuan)結(jie)構制約(yue)的(de)(de)(de)問題(ti)(ti)(ti)。所(suo)以,必須從歷史的(de)(de)(de)、全局的(de)(de)(de)和理(li)論(lun)與實踐相結(jie)合的(de)(de)(de)高度,把握“三(san)農”工作(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)規律性,使(shi)其更好地體現(xian)時代性,富(fu)于創造性。要務實,是(shi)(shi)因(yin)為(wei)“三(san)農”問題(ti)(ti)(ti)直接(jie)面(mian)對廣大(da)農民群(qun)眾(zhong),涉及億萬(wan)農民的(de)(de)(de)根(gen)本利(li)益(yi),我們所(suo)有(you)(you)的(de)(de)(de)政策舉措只有(you)(you)落(luo)到實處(chu),廣大(da)農民群(qun)眾(zhong)才能真(zhen)正得(de)到實惠。

我們強(qiang)調務必求真務實(shi)抓“三農(nong)”,就(jiu)是要堅(jian)持(chi)解放思想、實(shi)事(shi)求是、與時俱(ju)進的(de)思想路(lu)線(xian),把握(wo)新時期(qi)新階段“三農(nong)”工作(zuo)的(de)客觀規律,積極(ji)探索(suo)解決“三農(nong)”問題的(de)新途徑;就(jiu)是要堅(jian)持(chi)講實(shi)話、出實(shi)招、辦實(shi)事(shi),把推進“三農(nong)”工作(zuo)的(de)各項(xiang)政策舉措真正落(luo)到實(shi)處;就(jiu)是要牢固樹立正確的(de)政績觀,切實(shi)轉變(bian)工作(zuo)作(zuo)風,真心實(shi)意(yi)地為農(nong)民(min)群(qun)眾謀(mou)利益,善(shan)于(yu)帶領農(nong)民(min)群(qun)眾共創美好(hao)生(sheng)活。

習近(jin)平: 《務必求真務實抓(zhua)“三農(nong)”》(2005年1月14日),選自《之江新語》,浙江人民(min)出版社,2007年8月版

農(nong)(nong)業是(shi)(shi)弱質產業,農(nong)(nong)村工(gong)(gong)作是(shi)(shi)基礎(chu)性的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作,“三農(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)內在(zai)(zai)(zai)特點(dian)和規律,決定(ding)了(le)這方面工(gong)(gong)作更多的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)是(shi)(shi)做(zuo)鋪墊的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)長期性工(gong)(gong)作,不(bu)可能(neng)立竿見影、馬上見效。這就(jiu)有(you)一(yi)個(ge)如何認(ren)識“潛績(ji)(ji)(ji)”與(yu)(yu)“顯(xian)(xian)(xian)績(ji)(ji)(ji)”,創(chuang)造(zao)政績(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)問(wen)題。“潛”與(yu)(yu)“顯(xian)(xian)(xian)”是(shi)(shi)對立統一(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)一(yi)對矛盾(dun)。“潛”是(shi)(shi)“顯(xian)(xian)(xian)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)基礎(chu),“顯(xian)(xian)(xian)”是(shi)(shi)“潛”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)結果(guo),后人(ren)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作總是(shi)(shi)建(jian)立在(zai)(zai)(zai)前(qian)人(ren)基礎(chu)之上的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),如果(guo)大家(jia)都不(bu)去做(zuo)鋪路(lu)石,甘于默(mo)默(mo)無聞地奉獻(xian)(xian),“顯(xian)(xian)(xian)績(ji)(ji)(ji)”就(jiu)無從談起,就(jiu)成(cheng)了(le)無本(ben)之木、無源之水,即使有(you)“顯(xian)(xian)(xian)績(ji)(ji)(ji)”,充其量也只是(shi)(shi)急(ji)功近利的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)“形象(xiang)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)”。河南林縣(xian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)紅旗渠,是(shi)(shi)幾代干(gan)部(bu)群(qun)眾艱苦(ku)奮(fen)斗的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)結果(guo);福建(jian)東山縣(xian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)縣(xian)委書記谷(gu)文昌(chang)之所以一(yi)直受到廣大干(gan)部(bu)群(qun)眾的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)敬(jing)仰,是(shi)(shi)因為他(ta)在(zai)(zai)(zai)任時不(bu)追求轟轟烈(lie)烈(lie)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)“顯(xian)(xian)(xian)績(ji)(ji)(ji)”,而(er)是(shi)(shi)默(mo)默(mo)無聞地奉獻(xian)(xian),帶領當地干(gan)部(bu)群(qun)眾通(tong)過十幾年的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)努力,在(zai)(zai)(zai)沿海(hai)建(jian)成(cheng)了(le)一(yi)道惠(hui)及子孫后代的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)防護林,在(zai)(zai)(zai)老(lao)百(bai)(bai)姓心中樹起了(le)一(yi)座(zuo)不(bu)朽的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)豐碑。這種“潛績(ji)(ji)(ji)”,是(shi)(shi)最大的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)“顯(xian)(xian)(xian)績(ji)(ji)(ji)”。我(wo)們常講的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)金杯(bei)銀杯(bei)不(bu)如老(lao)百(bai)(bai)姓的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)口碑,金獎銀獎不(bu)如老(lao)百(bai)(bai)姓的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)夸獎,說(shuo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)就(jiu)是(shi)(shi)這個(ge)道理。所以,“三農(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作要有(you)作為,一(yi)定(ding)要樹立正(zheng)確的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)政績(ji)(ji)(ji)觀(guan),多做(zuo)埋頭(tou)苦(ku)干(gan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)實(shi)事,不(bu)求急(ji)功近利的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)“顯(xian)(xian)(xian)績(ji)(ji)(ji)”,創(chuang)造(zao)澤被后人(ren)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)“潛績(ji)(ji)(ji)”。

習近平: 《“潛績”與“顯(xian)績”》(2005年1月17日),選自《之江新(xin)語》,浙江人民出(chu)版社,2007年8月版

加快建設(she)現代農業,轉變農業增長方式,全(quan)面提高農業綜(zong)合生產能(neng)力,是當(dang)前(qian)十(shi)分重(zhong)要(yao)而緊(jin)迫的(de)任務。

從(cong)我(wo)省(sheng)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)資源緊缺和(he)發(fa)(fa)揮(hui)比較優(you)勢(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)實際出(chu)(chu)(chu)發(fa)(fa),提高(gao)(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)綜合生(sheng)產(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)力、建(jian)設(she)現(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)主攻方向(xiang)(xiang)是(shi): 以綠(lv)色(se)(se)消費(fei)需(xu)求(qiu)(qiu)為(wei)導(dao)向(xiang)(xiang),以農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)工業(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)和(he)經濟生(sheng)態(tai)化(hua)理念(nian)為(wei)指導(dao),以提高(gao)(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)市場(chang)競(jing)爭力和(he)可(ke)持(chi)(chi)續發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)能(neng)力為(wei)核心,深入(ru)推進農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)結構的(de)(de)(de)(de)戰略(lve)性調整,大力發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)高(gao)(gao)效(xiao)生(sheng)態(tai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)。高(gao)(gao)效(xiao)生(sheng)態(tai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)是(shi)對(dui)效(xiao)益農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)進一步提升,是(shi)增加農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民收入(ru)的(de)(de)(de)(de)重要(yao)途(tu)徑(jing),也(ye)(ye)是(shi)充分發(fa)(fa)揮(hui)我(wo)省(sheng)比較優(you)勢(shi),加快(kuai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)現(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)化(hua)建(jian)設(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)必然(ran)(ran)要(yao)求(qiu)(qiu)。高(gao)(gao)效(xiao)生(sheng)態(tai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)是(shi)集約化(hua)經營與生(sheng)態(tai)化(hua)生(sheng)產(chan)(chan)(chan)有機耦(ou)合的(de)(de)(de)(de)現(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)。它以綠(lv)色(se)(se)消費(fei)需(xu)求(qiu)(qiu)為(wei)導(dao)向(xiang)(xiang),以提高(gao)(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)市場(chang)競(jing)爭力和(he)可(ke)持(chi)(chi)續發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)能(neng)力為(wei)核心,兼(jian)有高(gao)(gao)投(tou)(tou)入(ru)、高(gao)(gao)產(chan)(chan)(chan)出(chu)(chu)(chu)、高(gao)(gao)效(xiao)益與可(ke)持(chi)(chi)續發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)雙(shuang)重特征,它既(ji)區別(bie)于高(gao)(gao)投(tou)(tou)入(ru)、高(gao)(gao)產(chan)(chan)(chan)出(chu)(chu)(chu)、高(gao)(gao)勞(lao)動(dong)生(sheng)產(chan)(chan)(chan)率的(de)(de)(de)(de)石油農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye),也(ye)(ye)區別(bie)于偏重維(wei)護自(zi)(zi)然(ran)(ran)生(sheng)態(tai)平(ping)衡和(he)放棄高(gao)(gao)投(tou)(tou)入(ru)、高(gao)(gao)產(chan)(chan)(chan)出(chu)(chu)(chu)目標的(de)(de)(de)(de)自(zi)(zi)然(ran)(ran)生(sheng)態(tai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye),符合浙(zhe)江資源稟(bing)賦實際,也(ye)(ye)符合現(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)趨勢(shi)。所謂高(gao)(gao)效(xiao),就是(shi)要(yao)體(ti)現(xian)(xian)(xian)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)能(neng)夠使農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民致富的(de)(de)(de)(de)要(yao)求(qiu)(qiu);所謂生(sheng)態(tai),就是(shi)要(yao)體(ti)現(xian)(xian)(xian)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)既(ji)能(neng)提供綠(lv)色(se)(se)安全農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)又可(ke)持(chi)(chi)續發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)要(yao)求(qiu)(qiu)。

習近平: 《大力發展高效生(sheng)態農業》(2005年1月17日),選(xuan)自《之江新(xin)語》,浙江人民出(chu)版社,2007年8月版

要處(chu)理好三次產業之間的(de)(de)(de)(de)關(guan)系。去年(nian)底(di)召(zhao)開(kai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)省(sheng)委經濟工(gong)作會(hui)議進一(yi)(yi)(yi)步明確(que)了(le)我(wo)省(sheng)三次產業發(fa)展的(de)(de)(de)(de)方(fang)針(zhen),提出了(le)“優(you)農業、強工(gong)業、興三產”這(zhe)(zhe)樣一(yi)(yi)(yi)個推進結構調整的(de)(de)(de)(de)思路。優(you)農業,這(zhe)(zhe)方(fang)面(mian)浙江已經形成了(le)一(yi)(yi)(yi)定(ding)效益農業的(de)(de)(de)(de)優(you)勢(shi)(shi),要保持和發(fa)展壯(zhuang)大這(zhe)(zhe)一(yi)(yi)(yi)優(you)勢(shi)(shi)。湖(hu)(hu)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)更是擁(yong)有(you)生(sheng)態(tai)特色、擁(yong)有(you)良好的(de)(de)(de)(de)自然資(zi)源條件,應該(gai)在優(you)農業上(shang)做好文章(zhang),多(duo)出亮點(dian),多(duo)出經驗,這(zhe)(zhe)是一(yi)(yi)(yi)個順勢(shi)(shi)而為的(de)(de)(de)(de)問(wen)題(ti),是一(yi)(yi)(yi)個乘(cheng)勢(shi)(shi)而上(shang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)問(wen)題(ti)。不要把優(you)勢(shi)(shi)不當回事,農業對湖(hu)(hu)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)來講是一(yi)(yi)(yi)個優(you)勢(shi)(shi)。湖(hu)(hu)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)歷(li)史上(shang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)“魚(yu)米之鄉”,不能在我(wo)們手里丟了(le)。湖(hu)(hu)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)的(de)(de)(de)(de)農業優(you)勢(shi)(shi)是多(duo)種的(de)(de)(de)(de),在魚(yu)、米、竹、茶、山以及有(you)機食品、綠色食品、農業出口等等方(fang)面(mian),都是你們的(de)(de)(de)(de)亮點(dian),一(yi)(yi)(yi)定(ding)要繼(ji)續保持和發(fa)展。

習近平2005年1月(yue)27日在(zai)浙江(jiang)省湖州市調(diao)研時的(de)講話,選自(zi)《干(gan)在(zai)實處走在(zai)前(qian)列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨(dang)校出(chu)版(ban)社,2006年12月(yue)版(ban)

要加大糾風(feng)治亂的(de)力(li)度,堅決糾正(zheng)征收征用土地、城鎮(zhen)房屋拆遷、企業違(wei)法排污(wu)、企業重組改制和破產(chan)中損害職(zhi)工群眾利益,以及(ji)拖欠(qian)農(nong)民工工資(zi)等(deng)突出問(wen)題,繼續治理教育亂收費,糾正(zheng)醫藥購銷中的(de)不正(zheng)之風(feng),切實減(jian)輕農(nong)民負擔。

習(xi)近平2005年2月1日(ri)在浙江(jiang)省紀委第七次全體(ti)會議上的講話,選自《干在實處走在前列》,中共(gong)中央黨校出版社,2006年12月版

城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉一體化(hua)是(shi)伴隨(sui)著現(xian)代化(hua)進(jin)(jin)程(cheng)逐步(bu)實現(xian)的(de)(de)漸進(jin)(jin)過程(cheng),是(shi)未來5—15年我省社會結構的(de)(de)根本(ben)性(xing)變遷。打破(po)“二元結構”是(shi)一場(chang)深刻的(de)(de)革(ge)命。統(tong)籌城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉發(fa)(fa)展、推進(jin)(jin)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉一體化(hua),關鍵是(shi)改(gai)變二元體制結構,把城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市化(hua)和解決“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)”問題結合起來,為農(nong)(nong)(nong)民轉(zhuan)入(ru)非農(nong)(nong)(nong)產業創(chuang)造就業機會和生存條(tiao)件,解決農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)剩余勞動力轉(zhuan)移、長期進(jin)(jin)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)務工農(nong)(nong)(nong)民變為城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市居民和失土農(nong)(nong)(nong)民生計問題。同時(shi)積極推進(jin)(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業產業化(hua)經(jing)(jing)營,在保護(hu)和提(ti)高糧食生產能力的(de)(de)基礎上保持(chi)一定的(de)(de)糧食產量,維護(hu)糧食安全,挖(wa)掘幫助(zhu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)民增收減負的(de)(de)政策潛力,加快建設農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)新社區(qu)(qu),進(jin)(jin)一步(bu)改(gai)善農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)生產生活條(tiao)件等。區(qu)(qu)域(yu)協(xie)(xie)(xie)調(diao)發(fa)(fa)展是(shi)統(tong)籌發(fa)(fa)展的(de)(de)重要內容(rong),與城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉協(xie)(xie)(xie)調(diao)發(fa)(fa)展緊密相關。區(qu)(qu)域(yu)發(fa)(fa)展不平衡有(you)經(jing)(jing)濟規(gui)律作用的(de)(de)因(yin)素,但區(qu)(qu)域(yu)差距過大也(ye)(ye)是(shi)個需要重視的(de)(de)政治問題。區(qu)(qu)域(yu)協(xie)(xie)(xie)調(diao)發(fa)(fa)展不是(shi)平均發(fa)(fa)展、同構發(fa)(fa)展,而是(shi)優勢互補的(de)(de)差別化(hua)協(xie)(xie)(xie)調(diao)發(fa)(fa)展。如(ru)何(he)進(jin)(jin)一步(bu)創(chuang)新區(qu)(qu)域(yu)經(jing)(jing)濟技術合作的(de)(de)有(you)效載(zai)體,引導發(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)區(qu)(qu)產業向(xiang)欠發(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)區(qu)(qu)轉(zhuan)移、欠發(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)區(qu)(qu)人口向(xiang)發(fa)(fa)達(da)地(di)區(qu)(qu)和區(qu)(qu)域(yu)內城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鎮轉(zhuan)移,也(ye)(ye)必(bi)須(xu)作深入(ru)的(de)(de)研究。

習近平2005年2月8日在“十一五(wu)”規劃建議起草工(gong)作動(dong)員會上(shang)的(de)講話,選(xuan)自《干在實處走在前列》,中共中央(yang)黨(dang)校出版(ban)社(she),2006年12月版(ban)

要把(ba)服務業發(fa)展與(yu)城鄉統籌結(jie)合(he)起來,推動城市服務業向(xiang)農村輻射,推進農村服務業網絡化。

習近平: 《將服(fu)務業培育壯大為“主動力產業”》(2005年3月10日(ri)),選自(zi)《之江新語》,浙(zhe)江人民(min)出版社,2007年8月版

面(mian)對(dui)執政條件和社(she)會環境(jing)的深刻變化,廣大共產黨員都要(yao)積極適(shi)應新(xin)(xin)形勢(shi)新(xin)(xin)任(ren)務的需(xu)要(yao),在(zai)(zai)實踐中努力掌握新(xin)(xin)知識,積累(lei)新(xin)(xin)經驗,增長新(xin)(xin)本領(ling)。對(dui)農村(cun)黨員來(lai)說,就要(yao)重點(dian)在(zai)(zai)執行黨的農村(cun)政策,帶頭勤(qin)勞致富、帶領(ling)群(qun)眾共同致富,弘(hong)揚社(she)會主義(yi)新(xin)(xin)風尚等方面(mian)提高實踐本領(ling)。

習近平2005年3月22日(ri)在(zai)浙(zhe)江省(sheng)淳安縣(xian)調研(yan)時的(de)講話,選(xuan)自《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列》,中共(gong)中央黨校(xiao)出版社,2006年12月版

我向(xiang)你們村里的干(gan)部和黨員提四點希望。

第一,希望你們認真加強學習(xi),要(yao)通(tong)過(guo)學習(xi),深化(hua)對黨的(de)路線方(fang)針政(zheng)策的(de)理解(jie)。同(tong)時,要(yao)學習(xi)做好本職工作的(de)各種(zhong)知識,學習(xi)致富的(de)實用技(ji)術(shu),提高(gao)自己的(de)素質,增強自己的(de)本領,帶(dai)領廣(guang)大群眾,開展學習(xi)和培訓(xun),努力做群眾信賴的(de)貼心人、帶(dai)頭人。

第二,希望你(ni)(ni)們積(ji)極為群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)辦(ban)實(shi)(shi)事(shi),以讓農(nong)民(min)得(de)(de)實(shi)(shi)惠(hui)(hui)來(lai)取信(xin)(xin)(xin)于民(min)。農(nong)民(min)群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)都是(shi)很實(shi)(shi)在的,你(ni)(ni)為他(ta)辦(ban)實(shi)(shi)事(shi),給(gei)他(ta)得(de)(de)實(shi)(shi)惠(hui)(hui),他(ta)就(jiu)信(xin)(xin)(xin)任你(ni)(ni)、信(xin)(xin)(xin)賴你(ni)(ni),就(jiu)服(fu)你(ni)(ni)。大(da)(da)家(jia)身為黨(dang)員(yuan)、當上干(gan)(gan)部,本(ben)身就(jiu)是(shi)農(nong)民(min)群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)信(xin)(xin)(xin)任的結(jie)果,一(yi)定要(yao)(yao)為公(gong)、為民(min)。當然,大(da)(da)家(jia)既是(shi)黨(dang)員(yuan)、干(gan)(gan)部,本(ben)身也還(huan)(huan)是(shi)農(nong)民(min),要(yao)(yao)求沒(mei)有(you)(you)脫產(chan)干(gan)(gan)部那(nei)樣(yang)(yang)高,但起(qi)碼也要(yao)(yao)做到(dao)辦(ban)事(shi)公(gong)道、為群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)謀利,這樣(yang)(yang)才能(neng)體現一(yi)個黨(dang)員(yuan)、一(yi)個干(gan)(gan)部的價值,活(huo)得(de)(de)才有(you)(you)意(yi)義。就(jiu)你(ni)(ni)們下(xia)姜(jiang)村來(lai)說,第一(yi)件(jian)事(shi),高效生(sheng)態農(nong)業要(yao)(yao)繼續發展,不(bu)僅要(yao)(yao)組織群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)種好、產(chan)好,還(huan)(huan)要(yao)(yao)爭取賣得(de)(de)好,不(bu)斷(duan)提高農(nong)民(min)收(shou)入,改善群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)生(sheng)活(huo)。第二件(jian)事(shi),基礎設(she)施建設(she)要(yao)(yao)辦(ban)得(de)(de)扎(zha)扎(zha)實(shi)(shi)實(shi)(shi),既要(yao)(yao)節約(yue)成本(ben),又(you)要(yao)(yao)保證質(zhi)量,真正讓群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)受益。特(te)別要(yao)(yao)注意(yi)把這么多錢管好、用好,做到(dao)政務(wu)公(gong)開(kai)(kai)、財務(wu)公(gong)開(kai)(kai),重大(da)(da)開(kai)(kai)支實(shi)(shi)行民(min)主決策,千(qian)萬(wan)不(bu)能(neng)出問(wen)題。群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的眼睛是(shi)雪亮的。第三(san)件(jian)事(shi),還(huan)(huan)要(yao)(yao)力所(suo)能(neng)及地為群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)服(fu)務(wu),幫群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)解決困難、解決麻(ma)煩,比如你(ni)(ni)們開(kai)(kai)展的黨(dang)員(yuan)聯戶(hu)活(huo)動、便民(min)服(fu)務(wu)活(huo)動、培訓活(huo)動等(deng)都要(yao)(yao)繼續開(kai)(kai)展下(xia)去并(bing)不(bu)斷(duan)完善。

第三(san),希望你們耐心做好(hao)(hao)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)工作(zuo)(zuo),努力(li)建設平(ping)(ping)安(an)和諧(xie)的(de)(de)(de)新農村(cun)。做好(hao)(hao)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)工作(zuo)(zuo)是(shi)(shi)(shi)黨員和干部(bu)的(de)(de)(de)一項基本功(gong),這(zhe)(zhe)也(ye)(ye)是(shi)(shi)(shi)一門很深的(de)(de)(de)學問。中央(yang)提出要(yao)(yao)建設和諧(xie)社(she)會,省委提出要(yao)(yao)建設“平(ping)(ping)安(an)浙江”,這(zhe)(zhe)其(qi)中很重要(yao)(yao)的(de)(de)(de)方面(mian)就是(shi)(shi)(shi)做好(hao)(hao)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)工作(zuo)(zuo),解決好(hao)(hao)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)中各(ge)種各(ge)樣的(de)(de)(de)矛(mao)(mao)盾(dun)(dun)(dun),做到(dao)小(xiao)矛(mao)(mao)盾(dun)(dun)(dun)不出村(cun),小(xiao)矛(mao)(mao)盾(dun)(dun)(dun)不變(bian)成大矛(mao)(mao)盾(dun)(dun)(dun),保持(chi)社(she)會的(de)(de)(de)平(ping)(ping)安(an)穩定,保持(chi)干部(bu)與群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)之(zhi)(zhi)間、群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)與群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)之(zhi)(zhi)間的(de)(de)(de)和諧(xie)。我在全省經濟工作(zuo)(zuo)會議上講到(dao)“跳火坑”的(de)(de)(de)事例,本質就是(shi)(shi)(shi)講群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)工作(zuo)(zuo)。處理(li)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)與群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)之(zhi)(zhi)間的(de)(de)(de)矛(mao)(mao)盾(dun)(dun)(dun)比較(jiao)好(hao)(hao)辦,你有(you)一個公道的(de)(de)(de)心,去(qu)熱心、耐心地化解,總(zong)是(shi)(shi)(shi)可以解決的(de)(de)(de);但有(you)時候,干部(bu)與群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)之(zhi)(zhi)間也(ye)(ye)會產(chan)生一些矛(mao)(mao)盾(dun)(dun)(dun),這(zhe)(zhe)時候大家頭腦要(yao)(yao)清(qing)醒,要(yao)(yao)看到(dao)有(you)可能干部(bu)是(shi)(shi)(shi)錯的(de)(de)(de),群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)是(shi)(shi)(shi)對的(de)(de)(de),這(zhe)(zhe)時干部(bu)要(yao)(yao)主動(dong)地改(gai)正(zheng),求得(de)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)諒(liang)解;還有(you)可能干部(bu)是(shi)(shi)(shi)對的(de)(de)(de),群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)是(shi)(shi)(shi)錯的(de)(de)(de),這(zhe)(zhe)時干部(bu)也(ye)(ye)要(yao)(yao)主動(dong),千萬不能站到(dao)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)對立面(mian),要(yao)(yao)采取適當的(de)(de)(de)方式方法,做好(hao)(hao)說服教育工作(zuo)(zuo)。

第(di)四(si),希望(wang)你們(men)切實加強組(zu)織建設,不斷提高戰斗力(li)(li)、凝聚(ju)力(li)(li)、創造力(li)(li)。基(ji)層組(zu)織是(shi)(shi)黨(dang)執政的(de)(de)基(ji)礎。基(ji)礎不牢(lao),地(di)動(dong)山搖。你們(men)的(de)(de)工作(zuo)(zuo)很(hen)(hen)有(you)意義(yi),你們(men)的(de)(de)責任也很(hen)(hen)重大。村(cun)里的(de)(de)組(zu)織建設關鍵是(shi)(shi)抓三(san)條: 第(di)一條是(shi)(shi)堅持民主集中制,特別是(shi)(shi)發(fa)揚民主很(hen)(hen)重要。干部(bu)與(yu)干部(bu)之(zhi)間、干部(bu)與(yu)群(qun)眾之(zhi)間,沒(mei)事(shi)常(chang)聯系,有(you)事(shi)多商(shang)量,集中大家(jia)的(de)(de)智(zhi)慧(hui)辦(ban)大家(jia)的(de)(de)事(shi)。第(di)二條是(shi)(shi)村(cun)“兩委(wei)”班(ban)子成員(yuan)要協調(diao)協作(zuo)(zuo)、合作(zuo)(zuo)共事(shi),村(cun)黨(dang)支部(bu)要發(fa)揮領導(dao)核心作(zuo)(zuo)用,村(cun)委(wei)會要自覺接受村(cun)黨(dang)支部(bu)的(de)(de)領導(dao),完善各(ge)項制度(du),按制度(du)辦(ban)事(shi)。只有(you)村(cun)“兩委(wei)”班(ban)子協調(diao)了,整(zheng)個村(cun)的(de)(de)工作(zuo)(zuo)才會比較協調(diao)。第(di)三(san)條是(shi)(shi)注意培(pei)養年輕(qing)黨(dang)員(yuan),讓我們(men)的(de)(de)事(shi)業后繼(ji)有(you)人。

習(xi)近平2005年3月22日在(zai)浙(zhe)江(jiang)省淳(chun)安縣楓樹嶺鎮下(xia)姜村與村“兩委”及部分黨(dang)員同志座談時的(de)談話,選自《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列》,中共中央黨(dang)校(xiao)出版(ban)社,2006年12月版(ban)

李學生(sheng)是(shi)新(xin)時(shi)(shi)(shi)期農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工的(de)好代表。農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工既是(shi)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)的(de)一部分,也應當是(shi)新(xin)時(shi)(shi)(shi)期工人階級的(de)重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)組成部分;農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工既是(shi)經濟建設的(de)重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)力量(liang),也是(shi)構建和(he)(he)諧(xie)社(she)會(hui)的(de)重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)力量(liang)。李學生(sheng)的(de)事跡(ji)充分體(ti)現(xian)了(le)中(zhong)國(guo)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)的(de)傳統美德,體(ti)現(xian)了(le)廣大農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工的(de)精(jing)神品(pin)質。人生(sheng)本平等,職業無貴賤。在改(gai)革(ge)與發展的(de)全過程中(zhong),我們都要(yao)(yao)關(guan)心和(he)(he)重(zhong)視農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工的(de)生(sheng)產和(he)(he)生(sheng)活,切(qie)實維護(hu)廣大農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工的(de)合法權益(yi),給廣大農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工以(yi)真切(qie)的(de)人文關(guan)懷,同時(shi)(shi)(shi)加強(qiang)對農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工的(de)教育(yu)、引導和(he)(he)管理,促進(jin)社(she)會(hui)各個階層、不(bu)同崗位群眾之間的(de)和(he)(he)諧(xie)。

習近平2005年(nian)3月(yue)23日(ri)就《人民日(ri)報》發表(biao)《李(li)學生: 農民工的(de)人生壯舉》作出的(de)批示,選(xuan)自《干(gan)在實處(chu)走在前列》,中共中央黨校出版社,2006年(nian)12月(yue)版

要把統籌城(cheng)鄉發展作為解決“三(san)農”問題的著(zhu)力點(dian)。

從我(wo)省(sheng)實際看(kan),市場化、工業(ye)化、城市化進程不斷(duan)加快(kuai),已全(quan)面(mian)(mian)進入以工促農(nong)(nong)(nong)、以城帶(dai)鄉(xiang)(xiang)的(de)新階段,比全(quan)國(guo)其他(ta)地(di)方更有(you)(you)條(tiao)件(jian)實行“工業(ye)反(fan)哺農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)、城市帶(dai)動農(nong)(nong)(nong)村”。近(jin)年來(lai),我(wo)們(men)按照黨的(de)十(shi)六大提出的(de)統籌(chou)(chou)城鄉(xiang)(xiang)發(fa)展方略,在跳出“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)”抓“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)”統籌(chou)(chou)城鄉(xiang)(xiang)興(xing)“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)”方面(mian)(mian)進行積極的(de)探索,作出一系列部(bu)署,制(zhi)定并實施了《浙江省(sheng)統籌(chou)(chou)城鄉(xiang)(xiang)發(fa)展推(tui)進城鄉(xiang)(xiang)一體化綱要》。各(ge)地(di)、各(ge)有(you)(you)關部(bu)門要全(quan)面(mian)(mian)抓好《綱要》的(de)貫(guan)徹落(luo)實,深入研究和解決統籌(chou)(chou)城鄉(xiang)(xiang)發(fa)展中(zhong)的(de)體制(zhi)、機制(zhi)和政策層面(mian)(mian)的(de)一些(xie)問題(ti),努力形(xing)成以城帶(dai)鄉(xiang)(xiang)、以工促農(nong)(nong)(nong)、城鄉(xiang)(xiang)互動、協調發(fa)展的(de)良好格局。

當(dang)前,特(te)別要下大力(li)氣(qi)推進具有浙江特(te)色的(de)(de)已作出具體(ti)部署的(de)(de)幾個“千(qian)(qian)(qian)萬(wan)(wan)(wan)”工程(cheng),這(zhe)些都是統籌城(cheng)鄉發展的(de)(de)重要載體(ti)和有力(li)抓手: 一是“千(qian)(qian)(qian)萬(wan)(wan)(wan)畝(mu)標準農(nong)(nong)(nong)田(tian)建(jian)設”工程(cheng),力(li)爭在本屆政府任期(qi)內(nei)累計建(jian)成(cheng)1500萬(wan)(wan)(wan)畝(mu)高(gao)標準的(de)(de)高(gao)效生態農(nong)(nong)(nong)田(tian);二是“千(qian)(qian)(qian)村(cun)(cun)(cun)示范萬(wan)(wan)(wan)村(cun)(cun)(cun)整治”工程(cheng),著力(li)改(gai)變(bian)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)社(she)(she)區的(de)(de)生產生活(huo)環境;三是“千(qian)(qian)(qian)萬(wan)(wan)(wan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)勞動力(li)素質培訓”工程(cheng),切實(shi)提(ti)高(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業勞動生產率和進城(cheng)務工人員的(de)(de)就業能(neng)力(li);四是農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)“千(qian)(qian)(qian)社(she)(she)萬(wan)(wan)(wan)龍組織建(jian)設”工程(cheng),充分發揮農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)專業合作社(she)(she)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)業龍頭企業的(de)(de)帶動作用(yong);五是“千(qian)(qian)(qian)萬(wan)(wan)(wan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)飲用(yong)水(shui)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)健康”工程(cheng),讓大多數農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)群眾(zhong)盡早喝上清潔衛生的(de)(de)自來水(shui),切實(shi)改(gai)善農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)公(gong)共衛生狀況;六(liu)是“千(qian)(qian)(qian)鎮連鎖超市、萬(wan)(wan)(wan)村(cun)(cun)(cun)放(fang)心店”工程(cheng),通(tong)過(guo)建(jian)立完(wan)善現代流(liu)通(tong)網(wang),進一步(bu)規范農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)流(liu)通(tong)秩序(xu)。

習近平2005年4月29日在浙江省(sheng)委(wei)貫徹胡錦濤總書記重要講(jiang)話(hua)(hua)精神專題學習會上的(de)講(jiang)話(hua)(hua),選(xuan)自《干在實處走在前(qian)列》,中(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)央黨校出(chu)版社,2006年12月版

農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)新時期“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)的一(yi)(yi)(yi)個(ge)(ge)焦點,也是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)業化、城(cheng)市(shi)化進(jin)程(cheng)中的一(yi)(yi)(yi)個(ge)(ge)焦點。解決(jue)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti),不僅(jin)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)一(yi)(yi)(yi)個(ge)(ge)經(jing)濟問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)、社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti),更是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)一(yi)(yi)(yi)個(ge)(ge)事關鞏(gong)固(gu)黨的階級基礎(chu)和(he)擴大(da)黨的群眾基礎(chu)的嚴肅的政治問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)。解決(jue)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)一(yi)(yi)(yi)個(ge)(ge)長期而(er)又復雜的過程(cheng),有賴于經(jing)濟社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)發展水平(ping)的不斷提(ti)高。農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)首先是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min),他(ta)們(men)(men)進(jin)城(cheng)后在(zai)未轉為市(shi)民(min)(min)(min)以前,其土地不能動(dong),身份(fen)要(yao)保(bao)留(liu),這樣可以讓他(ta)們(men)(men)留(liu)下(xia)一(yi)(yi)(yi)條退路,否則(ze)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)全部留(liu)在(zai)城(cheng)市(shi),勢(shi)必造(zao)成(cheng)(cheng)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)的極大(da)混亂。同時,農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)又是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人,要(yao)隨著經(jing)濟社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)發展水平(ping)的提(ti)高,逐(zhu)步(bu)解決(jue)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)的充分(fen)就(jiu)業、工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)資待遇、社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)保(bao)障、子女教育、醫療(liao)、住房、文化生活和(he)政治地位等問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti),并促(cu)成(cheng)(cheng)有條件(jian)的農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)逐(zhu)步(bu)向市(shi)民(min)(min)(min)轉變。當前,要(yao)積極創造(zao)條件(jian),解決(jue)好農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)保(bao)障和(he)把(ba)他(ta)們(men)(men)組織到工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)會(hui)(hui)中來(lai)等問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)。要(yao)面向農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)逐(zhu)步(bu)開放社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)保(bao)障政策(ce),擴大(da)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)參加社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)保(bao)險和(he)公積金的覆蓋(gai)面。

習近平2005年4月29日在(zai)浙江省委貫(guan)徹胡(hu)錦濤總書記重要講話精神專題學習會上的講話,選自《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前(qian)列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校(xiao)出版社,2006年12月版

提(ti)高公共文(wen)(wen)化(hua)服務能力(li),著力(li)點(dian)要(yao)放(fang)在(zai)公益(yi)性文(wen)(wen)化(hua)事(shi)業(ye)的(de)發展(zhan)(zhan)上(shang)(shang),放(fang)在(zai)基層特別(bie)是(shi)農村(cun)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)事(shi)業(ye)的(de)發展(zhan)(zhan)上(shang)(shang)。目前,我省城鄉(xiang)(xiang)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)發展(zhan)(zhan)還(huan)不平衡,多(duo)數(shu)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)活(huo)(huo)動(dong)場所(suo)集中在(zai)縣級以上(shang)(shang)城市,不少農村(cun)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)陣地(di)(di)存在(zai)缺(que)設(she)施、缺(que)經費(fei)、缺(que)人(ren)才(cai)、缺(que)內容的(de)情況,一些偏遠(yuan)農村(cun)至今無(wu)法收聽(ting)收看廣播電視節目,文(wen)(wen)化(hua)產(chan)品(pin)(pin)供給的(de)有效性不高,農民群眾的(de)精神文(wen)(wen)化(hua)生(sheng)活(huo)(huo)還(huan)比較(jiao)貧(pin)乏。我們要(yao)充(chong)分體(ti)現(xian)城鄉(xiang)(xiang)統籌、協調發展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)要(yao)求,更多(duo)地(di)(di)考慮城鄉(xiang)(xiang)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)的(de)協調發展(zhan)(zhan),無(wu)論是(shi)在(zai)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)設(she)施布局、文(wen)(wen)化(hua)經費(fei)投向(xiang),還(huan)是(shi)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)生(sheng)活(huo)(huo)安排、文(wen)(wen)化(hua)產(chan)品(pin)(pin)生(sheng)產(chan)等方面,都要(yao)更多(duo)地(di)(di)向(xiang)農村(cun)傾斜,努力(li)使(shi)農村(cun)的(de)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)環(huan)境有較(jiao)大改(gai)善。

習近平2005年(nian)6月1日在浙江(jiang)省宣傳文化系統調研座談會上(shang)的講話,選自《干在實處(chu)走在前列(lie)》,中共中央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年(nian)12月版(ban)

村級民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)政治(zhi)建設的(de)(de)(de)方向十分明確(que),就是(shi)(shi)(shi)積(ji)極推行“民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)選(xuan)舉(ju)、民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)決策、民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)管理、民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)監督(du)”。對(dui)這(zhe)四(si)個(ge)(ge)方面(mian)的(de)(de)(de)內(nei)容(rong)要(yao)全面(mian)地加以(yi)理解(jie)。民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)選(xuan)舉(ju)是(shi)(shi)(shi)基層(ceng)民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)政治(zhi)建設的(de)(de)(de)一(yi)(yi)(yi)個(ge)(ge)核心(xin)內(nei)容(rong),是(shi)(shi)(shi)實現(xian)村民(min)(min)(min)(min)自治(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)前提(ti)和(he)基礎。但是(shi)(shi)(shi),民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)選(xuan)舉(ju)僅(jin)(jin)僅(jin)(jin)是(shi)(shi)(shi)民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)政治(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)第(di)一(yi)(yi)(yi)步。我曾(ceng)經(jing)多次強調,民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)選(xuan)舉(ju)不(bu)是(shi)(shi)(shi)民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)政治(zhi)建設的(de)(de)(de)全部,一(yi)(yi)(yi)選(xuan)了之肯定會出亂(luan)子(zi),“民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)選(xuan)舉(ju)、民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)決策、民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)管理、民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)監督(du)”都要(yao)配(pei)套完善起來(lai),同時基層(ceng)黨組(zu)織要(yao)發(fa)揮領(ling)導核心(xin)和(he)戰斗堡(bao)壘(lei)作(zuo)用。現(xian)代民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)政治(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)成果(guo)主(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)是(shi)(shi)(shi)對(dui)權力(li)的(de)(de)(de)制(zhi)衡機(ji)制(zhi)。在這(zhe)個(ge)(ge)問(wen)題上(shang),有一(yi)(yi)(yi)個(ge)(ge)著名的(de)(de)(de)“驢(lv)馬(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)理論”,說的(de)(de)(de)是(shi)(shi)(shi): 馬(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)比(bi)驢(lv)跑(pao)得快(kuai),一(yi)(yi)(yi)比(bi)較,發(fa)現(xian)馬(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)蹄(ti)比(bi)驢(lv)蹄(ti)長(chang)得好,于是(shi)(shi)(shi)把驢(lv)身上(shang)的(de)(de)(de)蹄(ti)換(huan)(huan)作(zuo)馬(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)的(de)(de)(de)蹄(ti),結果(guo)驢(lv)跑(pao)得反(fan)(fan)而更(geng)慢;接著再比(bi)較,又發(fa)現(xian)馬(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)腿(tui)(tui)比(bi)驢(lv)腿(tui)(tui)長(chang)得好,于是(shi)(shi)(shi)把驢(lv)身上(shang)的(de)(de)(de)腿(tui)(tui)也換(huan)(huan)作(zuo)馬(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)的(de)(de)(de)腿(tui)(tui),結果(guo)驢(lv)反(fan)(fan)而不(bu)能(neng)跑(pao)了;接下來(lai),依此類推,換(huan)(huan)了身體(ti)、換(huan)(huan)了內(nei)臟,最(zui)后整(zheng)個(ge)(ge)的(de)(de)(de)驢(lv)換(huan)(huan)成了整(zheng)個(ge)(ge)的(de)(de)(de)馬(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma),才達到了跑(pao)得快(kuai)的(de)(de)(de)目的(de)(de)(de)。這(zhe)個(ge)(ge)“驢(lv)馬(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)理論”說明,“民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)選(xuan)舉(ju)”僅(jin)(jin)僅(jin)(jin)是(shi)(shi)(shi)一(yi)(yi)(yi)個(ge)(ge)“馬(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)蹄(ti)”,推進民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)政治(zhi)建設光是(shi)(shi)(shi)換(huan)(huan)個(ge)(ge)“馬(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)(ma)蹄(ti)”,倒(dao)還不(bu)如不(bu)換(huan)(huan)。

習近平2005年6月17日在浙(zhe)江省(sheng)金華市(shi)調研時的講(jiang)話,選自《干在實處走在前列》,中共中央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年12月版(ban)

“民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)管理、民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)決策、民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)監督”同“民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)選(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)舉(ju)”一(yi)樣重要,一(yi)樣關(guan)鍵。“半拉(la)子(zi)(zi)”的(de)(de)民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu),造成“選(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)時有民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu),選(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)完沒民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)”,反而(er)把原有的(de)(de)秩序都搞(gao)亂(luan)了。再加上,客觀上選(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)舉(ju)本(ben)身也難以(yi)一(yi)下(xia)子(zi)(zi)嚴密起(qi)來(lai)(lai),雖然群眾的(de)(de)民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)意識日增(zeng),但是許多(duo)群眾的(de)(de)素質(zhi)也不可(ke)能(neng)一(yi)下(xia)子(zi)(zi)提高起(qi)來(lai)(lai),這就(jiu)帶來(lai)(lai)了一(yi)系列(lie)問(wen)題。民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)的(de)(de)管理、決策、監督,不僅(jin)能(neng)保(bao)障民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)選(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)舉(ju)的(de)(de)成果,而(er)且可(ke)以(yi)解決民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)選(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)舉(ju)尚不完善帶來(lai)(lai)的(de)(de)一(yi)系列(lie)問(wen)題。這“四個民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)”都配套完善起(qi)來(lai)(lai)以(yi)后,村黨(dang)支(zhi)部就(jiu)可(ke)以(yi)在其中游刃有余(yu),充分(fen)發揮領(ling)導核(he)(he)心作用了,可(ke)以(yi)像地方(fang)黨(dang)委(wei)“總攬全局、協調(diao)各(ge)方(fang)”那樣,體現出核(he)(he)心的(de)(de)地位,站得穩(wen),說得響,呼得應,叫得動。

在(zai)這方面,我省各地(di)進(jin)(jin)行了(le)(le)(le)積極的(de)(de)(de)(de)探(tan)索,努力創新(xin)和完善基層民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)政(zheng)治建設的(de)(de)(de)(de)制(zhi)度實踐形式(shi),取得(de)了(le)(le)(le)許多成(cheng)(cheng)效(xiao)。比如,以(yi)海推(tui)直選(xuan)和代表票決(jue)制(zhi)為(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)要形式(shi),實現(xian)(xian)村(cun)(cun)(cun)官(guan)村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)(min)(min)選(xuan),村(cun)(cun)(cun)級民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)選(xuan)舉有新(xin)突(tu)破;以(yi)民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)懇談(tan)聽證(zheng)和重大(da)(da)村(cun)(cun)(cun)務(wu)公(gong)決(jue)制(zhi)度為(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)要途徑,實現(xian)(xian)村(cun)(cun)(cun)策村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)(min)(min)定,村(cun)(cun)(cun)級民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)決(jue)策有新(xin)進(jin)(jin)展;以(yi)村(cun)(cun)(cun)務(wu)公(gong)開和村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)(min)(min)自治為(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)要載體,實現(xian)(xian)村(cun)(cun)(cun)務(wu)村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)(min)(min)理(li),村(cun)(cun)(cun)級民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)管理(li)上(shang)新(xin)臺(tai)階;以(yi)建立健全村(cun)(cun)(cun)務(wu)監(jian)(jian)督(du)(du)委員會(hui)為(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)要突(tu)破口,實現(xian)(xian)村(cun)(cun)(cun)事(shi)村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)(min)(min)管,村(cun)(cun)(cun)級民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)監(jian)(jian)督(du)(du)有新(xin)起色。其(qi)中(zhong),發端于武義并正在(zai)金華推(tui)廣的(de)(de)(de)(de)“后陳經(jing)驗”,就是(shi)(shi)在(zai)實踐中(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)一個創舉。這種(zhong)通過(guo)建立村(cun)(cun)(cun)務(wu)監(jian)(jian)督(du)(du)委員會(hui)來實現(xian)(xian)民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)決(jue)策、管理(li)、監(jian)(jian)督(du)(du)的(de)(de)(de)(de)做(zuo)法,符合法律(lv)和政(zheng)策的(de)(de)(de)(de)導向(xiang),實現(xian)(xian)了(le)(le)(le)村(cun)(cun)(cun)務(wu)監(jian)(jian)督(du)(du)由(you)事(shi)后監(jian)(jian)督(du)(du)向(xiang)事(shi)前、事(shi)中(zhong)、事(shi)后全程監(jian)(jian)督(du)(du),使(shi)各種(zhong)矛盾有了(le)(le)(le)內部(bu)化解的(de)(de)(de)(de)機(ji)制(zhi)。這是(shi)(shi)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)基層民(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)政(zheng)治建設的(de)(de)(de)(de)有益(yi)探(tan)索,應當予以(yi)鼓(gu)勵。同時,還(huan)要不斷總結經(jing)驗,使(shi)之走向(xiang)成(cheng)(cheng)熟(shu)。這里需要指出(chu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)是(shi)(shi),要進(jin)(jin)一步理(li)順村(cun)(cun)(cun)黨支部(bu)、村(cun)(cun)(cun)委會(hui)、村(cun)(cun)(cun)監(jian)(jian)督(du)(du)委員會(hui)、村(cun)(cun)(cun)經(jing)濟合作社以(yi)及村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)(min)(min)代表大(da)(da)會(hui)等(deng)組織(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)關系。

習近平2005年6月(yue)17日在(zai)浙江省(sheng)金華(hua)市調研時的講話(hua),選自《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列》,中共(gong)中央黨校出版社,2006年12月(yue)版

加快(kuai)建設教育強(qiang)省的(de)重點任務是: 突(tu)出農(nong)(nong)村(cun)教育,推(tui)動基礎教育均衡(heng)發展。統籌城鄉教育發展,完善“以縣為(wei)主(zhu)”的(de)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)教育管理體制(zhi),改善農(nong)(nong)村(cun)辦學(xue)條件(jian),提高農(nong)(nong)村(cun)辦學(xue)水平。

習近平2005年7月28日在(zai)浙(zhe)江(jiang)省委十一屆八次全會(hui)上的報告,選自《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前(qian)列(lie)》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校出版社,2006年12月版

加快建(jian)設衛(wei)生強省(sheng)(sheng)的主(zhu)要任務(wu)是: 實(shi)施(shi)農(nong)民健康(kang)工程,把農(nong)村(cun)(cun)衛(wei)生工作作為建(jian)設衛(wei)生強省(sheng)(sheng)的重中(zhong)之(zhi)重,建(jian)立健全新型農(nong)村(cun)(cun)合作醫療制(zhi)度,完善(shan)以(yi)縣為主(zhu),縣、鄉鎮、行政村(cun)(cun)分級負責的農(nong)村(cun)(cun)衛(wei)生管(guan)理體制(zhi)和(he)服務(wu)網絡(luo),政府在(zai)每個鄉鎮至少應集中(zhong)力量(liang)辦好一所衛(wei)生院。

習近平(ping)2005年7月(yue)28日在浙江省委十一屆八次(ci)全會上的報(bao)告,選(xuan)自《干在實(shi)處(chu)走在前(qian)列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校出版社,2006年12月(yue)版

我們現在(zai)講的(de)(de)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)(yi)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she),與過去抓的(de)(de)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)有很大(da)的(de)(de)區(qu)別。過去是就農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)抓農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she),現在(zai)是在(zai)統(tong)(tong)籌城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)發展的(de)(de)大(da)背景(jing)下,通(tong)過建(jian)(jian)立以工(gong)促農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)、以城(cheng)(cheng)帶鄉(xiang)(xiang)的(de)(de)發展和建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)機制,來推進(jin)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)(yi)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)。我理(li)解,社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)(yi)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she),應當是建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)全面體(ti)現小康社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)水準的(de)(de)、城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)一體(ti)化的(de)(de)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)(yi)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)。社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)(yi)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)應該是內涵豐富、領(ling)域(yu)廣闊、任務(wu)多樣的(de)(de)系統(tong)(tong)工(gong)程,主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)要任務(wu)應該涵蓋“五大(da)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)”: 即(ji)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)現代產業體(ti)系建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)現代社(she)區(qu)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)、現代農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民素質建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)、城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)一體(ti)化的(de)(de)公共服務(wu)體(ti)系建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)以及城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)配套的(de)(de)體(ti)制改革和制度建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)。

習近平2005年8月3日在(zai)(zai)浙江(jiang)省“千村示范、萬村整治(zhi)”工程嘉(jia)興現場會上的講話,選自(zi)《干在(zai)(zai)實(shi)處(chu)走在(zai)(zai)前列(lie)》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年12月版(ban)

農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)新社(she)區建(jian)設(she)(she)是社(she)會主(zhu)義新農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)的(de)(de)一(yi)個核(he)心內容,我(wo)們現在深(shen)入實施“千村(cun)(cun)(cun)示(shi)范、萬(wan)村(cun)(cun)(cun)整(zheng)治”工程(cheng),就是要(yao)以(yi)(yi)建(jian)設(she)(she)全面(mian)體現小(xiao)康水準的(de)(de)社(she)會主(zhu)義新農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)為(wei)目標,以(yi)(yi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)新社(she)區建(jian)設(she)(she)為(wei)重(zhong)點(dian),以(yi)(yi)村(cun)(cun)(cun)莊的(de)(de)整(zheng)理(li)(li)和整(zheng)治建(jian)設(she)(she)為(wei)切(qie)入點(dian),充分發揮政府的(de)(de)主(zhu)導作用,統籌城(cheng)鄉生產力和人口布局,科(ke)學規(gui)劃城(cheng)鄉的(de)(de)基(ji)礎設(she)(she)施、公(gong)共服務和居(ju)民(min)社(she)區建(jian)設(she)(she),推動社(she)會公(gong)共資源向(xiang)(xiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)傾斜、城(cheng)市(shi)公(gong)共設(she)(she)施向(xiang)(xiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)延伸(shen)、城(cheng)市(shi)公(gong)共服務向(xiang)(xiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)覆蓋、城(cheng)市(shi)文明向(xiang)(xiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)輻射,促進鄉鎮(zhen)企業(ye)向(xiang)(xiang)工業(ye)園區集(ji)中、農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)人口向(xiang)(xiang)城(cheng)鎮(zhen)集(ji)中、農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)居(ju)住向(xiang)(xiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)新社(she)區集(ji)中、農(nong)(nong)(nong)田經(jing)營(ying)向(xiang)(xiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)專業(ye)大戶集(ji)中,把傳(chuan)統村(cun)(cun)(cun)落整(zheng)治建(jian)設(she)(she)成為(wei)規(gui)劃科(ke)學、經(jing)濟發達(da)、文化繁榮(rong)、環境優美(mei)、服務健(jian)全、管(guan)理(li)(li)民(min)主(zhu)、社(she)會和諧、生活富裕(yu)的(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)新社(she)區。

習近(jin)平2005年8月3日(ri)在浙江省“千村(cun)示范、萬村(cun)整治”工程嘉興現場(chang)會(hui)上的(de)講話,選自《干(gan)在實處走在前列》,中共中央黨(dang)校出(chu)版社,2006年12月版

建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)立健全體(ti)現(xian)群眾(zhong)愿望、時(shi)代特(te)(te)征、與時(shi)俱進要求(qiu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設擴(kuo)容(rong)機(ji)制(zhi),不斷豐富(fu)(fu)拓展(zhan)(zhan)“千村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)示范、萬村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)”工程建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)內涵與外延。在兩(liang)年多的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)實踐中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),各地(di)(di)都在不斷豐富(fu)(fu)擴(kuo)充(chong)“千村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)示范、萬村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)”工程建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)內容(rong),探索有(you)(you)效的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設機(ji)制(zhi)。我們(men)從嘉興的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)現(xian)場和(he)各地(di)(di)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)交流材料都可(ke)以看(kan)到(dao)(dao)(dao)這種可(ke)喜的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)變化。今后一個時(shi)期(qi),要結合“十一五”時(shi)期(qi)全面(mian)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設小康(kang)(kang)社(she)(she)(she)會的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)任務(wu)要求(qiu),爭取把(ba)(ba)大部分村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)改(gai)(gai)造建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設成(cheng)為農村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)新(xin)社(she)(she)(she)區(qu)。一是從單個村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設擴(kuo)大到(dao)(dao)(dao)連片整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)鄉的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設。發(fa)達(da)(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)和(he)有(you)(you)條件的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)經(jing)濟(ji)強縣(市、區(qu)),對所有(you)(you)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)都要進行(xing)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)體(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)規劃整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設,建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設一批全面(mian)體(ti)現(xian)小康(kang)(kang)水(shui)準的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)新(xin)社(she)(she)(she)區(qu)。二是既要抓(zhua)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)容(rong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)貌的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)改(gai)(gai)善,又要抓(zhua)生(sheng)態(tai)環境的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)長效治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)理。注重建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)立城(cheng)(cheng)鄉聯動的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)垃(la)圾和(he)污水(shui)集中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)處理網(wang)絡體(ti)系。特(te)(te)別(bie)是欠(qian)發(fa)達(da)(da)地(di)(di)區(qu)和(he)山區(qu)縣要把(ba)(ba)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重點放到(dao)(dao)(dao)生(sheng)態(tai)環境整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)上,推(tui)廣(guang)衢(qu)州、麗水(shui)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)經(jing)驗,從花錢少、見效快(kuai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)垃(la)圾集中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)處理、村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)環境清潔衛(wei)(wei)生(sheng)入手,推(tui)進村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設。三是把(ba)(ba)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)集聚建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設與城(cheng)(cheng)鄉公(gong)共(gong)服(fu)(fu)務(wu)網(wang)絡體(ti)系建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設緊密(mi)結合起(qi)來。以中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)為重點,建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設農民集中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)居住的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)新(xin)社(she)(she)(she)區(qu),以農村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)新(xin)社(she)(she)(she)區(qu)為連接點,把(ba)(ba)城(cheng)(cheng)鎮(zhen)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)公(gong)共(gong)交通、醫(yi)療衛(wei)(wei)生(sheng)、文(wen)(wen)化教(jiao)育(yu)、電信電視(shi)、信息服(fu)(fu)務(wu)等(deng)公(gong)共(gong)服(fu)(fu)務(wu)引入農村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)新(xin)社(she)(she)(she)區(qu)。還要開展(zhan)(zhan)形式多樣的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)科技文(wen)(wen)化普及(ji)和(he)思想(xiang)教(jiao)育(yu)活動,提(ti)高(gao)農民群眾(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)體(ti)素質(zhi)。四(si)是因地(di)(di)制(zhi)宜地(di)(di)把(ba)(ba)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設與特(te)(te)色(se)產(chan)業(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)開發(fa)結合起(qi)來,認真總結推(tui)廣(guang)安(an)(an)吉(ji)、臨安(an)(an)等(deng)地(di)(di)大力開展(zhan)(zhan)以優勢產(chan)業(ye)為依(yi)托的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)特(te)(te)色(se)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)經(jing)驗。城(cheng)(cheng)郊地(di)(di)區(qu)要結合城(cheng)(cheng)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)、鎮(zhen)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)改(gai)(gai)造,自然村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)理,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設,引導村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)集體(ti)積極發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)物業(ye)經(jing)濟(ji)、休閑農業(ye);純農區(qu)、山區(qu)、漁區(qu)要結合生(sheng)態(tai)富(fu)(fu)民家園(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設和(he)各鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)特(te)(te)色(se)優勢產(chan)業(ye),打響綠色(se)農業(ye)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)、紅(hong)色(se)旅游(you)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)、藍(lan)色(se)漁樂村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)、古色(se)古香的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)文(wen)(wen)化村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)等(deng)特(te)(te)色(se)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)品牌(pai)。

習(xi)近(jin)平(ping)2005年8月3日在(zai)(zai)浙江(jiang)省(sheng)“千村示范、萬村整治”工程嘉(jia)興(xing)現場(chang)會上的講(jiang)話(hua),選自《干在(zai)(zai)實處(chu)走在(zai)(zai)前列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年12月版(ban)

建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)立(li)健全體(ti)(ti)現(xian)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)節(jie)約和(he)(he)(he)(he)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)導向(xiang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)科學(xue)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)機制(zhi),不斷提(ti)高工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)質量水平和(he)(he)(he)(he)社(she)會(hui)效益。目前(qian)我省(sheng)正處于(yu)工(gong)(gong)業化(hua)、城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市化(hua)加速推(tui)(tui)進(jin)和(he)(he)(he)(he)統(tong)籌城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)關(guan)鍵(jian)時(shi)期(qi),又面(mian)臨土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)、水、能源(yuan)(yuan)等資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)短缺(que)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)瓶頸制(zhi)約和(he)(he)(he)(he)推(tui)(tui)進(jin)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)(tai)(tai)(tai)環(huan)境整(zheng)治(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)艱巨任務。從(cong)各地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)實(shi)踐來(lai)看(kan),優化(hua)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產力和(he)(he)(he)(he)人口布局(ju),推(tui)(tui)動城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)產業的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)集(ji)(ji)聚發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)和(he)(he)(he)(he)人口集(ji)(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)居(ju)住,形成城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)格局(ju),有(you)(you)利于(yu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)節(jie)約型社(she)會(hui)。因此(ci),推(tui)(tui)進(jin)“千(qian)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)示范、萬(wan)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)整(zheng)治(zhi)”工(gong)(gong)程(cheng),一(yi)(yi)定要(yao)(yao)走資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)節(jie)約和(he)(he)(he)(he)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)路子(zi)(zi)。要(yao)(yao)抓(zhua)住當前(qian)編(bian)(bian)制(zhi)“十一(yi)(yi)五(wu)”規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)和(he)(he)(he)(he)修編(bian)(bian)土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)利用(yong)(yong)(yong)總(zong)體(ti)(ti)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)利時(shi)機,按照(zhao)進(jin)一(yi)(yi)步(bu)提(ti)升城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市化(hua)和(he)(he)(he)(he)推(tui)(tui)進(jin)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)(qiu),進(jin)一(yi)(yi)步(bu)修編(bian)(bian)完善(shan)現(xian)有(you)(you)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鎮(zhen)體(ti)(ti)系規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)和(he)(he)(he)(he)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)布局(ju)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)。土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)利用(yong)(yong)(yong)總(zong)體(ti)(ti)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)修編(bian)(bian)一(yi)(yi)定要(yao)(yao)與(yu)完善(shan)后的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鎮(zhen)體(ti)(ti)系規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)和(he)(he)(he)(he)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)布局(ju)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)以及(ji)整(zheng)治(zhi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)相銜接,為今后幾(ji)年(nian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鎮(zhen)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)和(he)(he)(he)(he)“千(qian)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)示范、萬(wan)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)整(zheng)治(zhi)”工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)打好(hao)(hao)基(ji)礎。在完善(shan)空(kong)間布局(ju)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)同時(shi),按照(zhao)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)(qiu),進(jin)一(yi)(yi)步(bu)完善(shan)各類基(ji)礎設(she)(she)施建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)、產業發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)(tai)(tai)(tai)環(huan)境保護等規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua),并(bing)做(zuo)好(hao)(hao)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)之間的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)銜接工(gong)(gong)作,切實(shi)防止規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)與(yu)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)扯皮。同時(shi),“四個強省(sheng)”建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua),也要(yao)(yao)充分體(ti)(ti)現(xian)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)是(shi)重(zhong)點(dian)。要(yao)(yao)按照(zhao)“四個集(ji)(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)(qiu),積(ji)極(ji)引導農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)按規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)有(you)(you)序地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)向(xiang)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鎮(zhen)和(he)(he)(he)(he)中(zhong)(zhong)心村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)聚,特別是(shi)環(huan)杭州灣地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)和(he)(he)(he)(he)其他縣(xian)(市、區(qu)(qu))的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)郊區(qu)(qu),都可以率(lv)先(xian)進(jin)行成片的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)整(zheng)理(li),按照(zhao)“改造城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)中(zhong)(zhong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)、拆除空(kong)心村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)、遷并(bing)自然(ran)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)、建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)中(zhong)(zhong)心村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)(qiu),推(tui)(tui)進(jin)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)集(ji)(ji)聚和(he)(he)(he)(he)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)新社(she)區(qu)(qu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)。從(cong)浙江目前(qian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)情況來(lai)看(kan),非(fei)農(nong)(nong)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)用(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)極(ji)度緊(jin)缺(que),前(qian)幾(ji)年(nian)通過(guo)農(nong)(nong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)整(zheng)理(li)獲(huo)得非(fei)農(nong)(nong)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)用(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)指(zhi)標的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)潛(qian)力已經挖(wa)盡(jin),現(xian)在通過(guo)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)整(zheng)理(li)和(he)(he)(he)(he)宅基(ji)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)置(zhi)換是(shi)獲(huo)得非(fei)農(nong)(nong)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)用(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)效途(tu)徑(jing)。要(yao)(yao)鼓(gu)勵各地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)借鑒土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)整(zheng)理(li)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)政策,開(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)“村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)整(zheng)理(li)”,把村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)集(ji)(ji)聚與(yu)土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)節(jie)約利用(yong)(yong)(yong)有(you)(you)機結合(he)起來(lai),通過(guo)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)整(zheng)理(li)節(jie)余(yu)出來(lai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di),用(yong)(yong)(yong)于(yu)商業性(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)出讓(rang)開(kai)發(fa),土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)收益歸農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)集(ji)(ji)體(ti)(ti)所有(you)(you),主要(yao)(yao)用(yong)(yong)(yong)于(yu)中(zhong)(zhong)心村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)和(he)(he)(he)(he)新社(she)區(qu)(qu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she),政府則可以解決非(fei)農(nong)(nong)用(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)指(zhi)標緊(jin)缺(que)難題,為招商引資(zi)(zi)騰出發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)空(kong)間,這是(shi)一(yi)(yi)舉(ju)多得的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)好(hao)(hao)事(shi),有(you)(you)關(guan)部(bu)門對村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)整(zheng)理(li)項目要(yao)(yao)優先(xian)立(li)項。要(yao)(yao)樹(shu)立(li)“生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)(tai)(tai)(tai)立(li)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)理(li)念,把建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)(tai)(tai)(tai)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)作為農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)新社(she)區(qu)(qu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)內容,并(bing)與(yu)農(nong)(nong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)污染(ran)、水污染(ran)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)治(zhi)理(li)和(he)(he)(he)(he)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)立(li)畜牧養殖小區(qu)(qu)有(you)(you)機結合(he)起來(lai),積(ji)極(ji)推(tui)(tui)廣沼氣工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)和(he)(he)(he)(he)太(tai)陽能等新能源(yuan)(yuan)。在開(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)環(huan)境整(zheng)治(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)同時(shi),大力發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)(tai)(tai)(tai)農(nong)(nong)業、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)(tai)(tai)(tai)林業、休閑(xian)農(nong)(nong)莊(zhuang)、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)(tai)(tai)(tai)文化(hua)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)(tai)(tai)(tai)旅(lv)游(you)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),把農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)豐富(fu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)(tai)(tai)(tai)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)轉化(hua)為農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)致富(fu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)綠(lv)色產業,像(xiang)奉化(hua)滕頭村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)那樣,打好(hao)(hao)“生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)(tai)(tai)(tai)牌”,走生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)(tai)(tai)(tai)立(li)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai)(tai)(tai)(tai)致富(fu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)路子(zi)(zi)。

習(xi)近平(ping)2005年8月(yue)3日在(zai)(zai)浙江省(sheng)“千村(cun)示范、萬村(cun)整治”工程嘉興(xing)現場會上的講話,選自《干在(zai)(zai)實處(chu)走在(zai)(zai)前列(lie)》,中共(gong)中央黨(dang)校出版(ban)社,2006年12月(yue)版(ban)

建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)立健全政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)(fu)主(zhu)(zhu)導、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)主(zhu)(zhu)體(ti)(ti)(ti)、社(she)會(hui)(hui)參(can)與(yu)(yu)(yu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)投資建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)機(ji)制,不斷加大政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)(fu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)支持(chi)(chi)力(li)(li)度(du)和群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)參(can)與(yu)(yu)(yu)度(du)。從這(zhe)幾年情(qing)況看,凡(fan)是工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)搞得(de)好的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)地方(fang),政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)(fu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)(zhu)導作(zuo)用、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)(zhu)體(ti)(ti)(ti)作(zuo)用和社(she)會(hui)(hui)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)參(can)與(yu)(yu)(yu)作(zuo)用都發揮(hui)得(de)比(bi)較好,工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)比(bi)較快,實施(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)效果也比(bi)較好;相反,這(zhe)項(xiang)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)進(jin)度(du)比(bi)較慢(man)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)地方(fang),主(zhu)(zhu)要原(yuan)因在(zai)于(yu)政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)(fu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)投入力(li)(li)度(du)比(bi)較小(xiao),群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)沒有(you)充(chong)(chong)分發動起(qi)來(lai),社(she)會(hui)(hui)各界(jie)也很少關心和參(can)與(yu)(yu)(yu)。推(tui)進(jin)“千村(cun)(cun)(cun)示范(fan)、萬村(cun)(cun)(cun)整(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)”工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)既是政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)(fu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)責任,也是農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)自己的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)事(shi)情(qing),社(she)會(hui)(hui)各界(jie)都有(you)參(can)與(yu)(yu)(yu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)責任。為此(ci),必須(xu)通(tong)過(guo)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)立一個政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)(fu)主(zhu)(zhu)導、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)主(zhu)(zhu)體(ti)(ti)(ti)和社(she)會(hui)(hui)參(can)與(yu)(yu)(yu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)效機(ji)制來(lai)推(tui)進(jin)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)。當(dang)前,應該進(jin)一步強化黨委、政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)(fu)在(zai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)中的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)(zhu)導作(zuo)用,加大資金(jin)投入和政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)策支持(chi)(chi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)力(li)(li)度(du),對村(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)整(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)所需資金(jin),政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)(fu)要采取從財政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)預(yu)算(suan)內安(an)排(pai)一部(bu)分,從土地出讓金(jin)中提取一部(bu)分,部(bu)門(men)項(xiang)目(mu)配套一部(bu)分和規費收取減(jian)免(mian)一部(bu)分的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)辦法來(lai)解(jie)決(jue)。在(zai)充(chong)(chong)分發揮(hui)政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)(fu)主(zhu)(zhu)導作(zuo)用的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)同時,要重視調動農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)基層組織和廣大農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)參(can)與(yu)(yu)(yu)整(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)積極性,使(shi)村(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)整(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)成為農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)自覺行動,村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)和集(ji)(ji)體(ti)(ti)(ti)都要為建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)美好家園作(zuo)出貢獻(xian)。投工(gong)(gong)(gong)投勞(lao)集(ji)(ji)資要堅持(chi)(chi)“自愿、自助”原(yuan)則(ze),提倡(chang)有(you)錢出錢、有(you)力(li)(li)出力(li)(li),不搞按(an)人(ren)頭攤派(pai),鼓勵先富(fu)起(qi)來(lai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)人(ren)多作(zuo)貢獻(xian),鼓勵社(she)會(hui)(hui)力(li)(li)量參(can)與(yu)(yu)(yu)整(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)。要推(tui)廣金(jin)華市的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)經驗,通(tong)過(guo)開展魅力(li)(li)村(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)參(can)觀和評選活動等宣傳(chuan)發動工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo),讓示范(fan)村(cun)(cun)(cun)發揮(hui)激勵和示范(fan)作(zuo)用,形成“群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)催著干(gan)(gan)部(bu)干(gan)(gan)、干(gan)(gan)部(bu)競相爭(zheng)著干(gan)(gan)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)你追(zhui)我趕的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)氛(fen)圍。同時積極鼓勵企業和社(she)會(hui)(hui)各界(jie)捐資贊助村(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)整(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she),推(tui)動“千村(cun)(cun)(cun)示范(fan)、萬村(cun)(cun)(cun)整(zheng)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)”工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)深入實施(shi)。

習近(jin)平2005年8月(yue)3日在(zai)浙江省“千村(cun)示范、萬(wan)村(cun)整治”工程嘉(jia)興現場會上的講話,選(xuan)自《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列(lie)》,中共中央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年12月(yue)版(ban)

建(jian)(jian)立(li)健全改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)先導、城(cheng)鄉(xiang)互(hu)動(dong)(dong)、政策(ce)配套的(de)(de)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)創(chuang)新機制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),不(bu)斷(duan)增強工(gong)程(cheng)建(jian)(jian)設的(de)(de)活力(li)和(he)(he)動(dong)(dong)力(li)。這幾年,各地(di)(di)在推(tui)(tui)進這項(xiang)工(gong)程(cheng)建(jian)(jian)設中都不(bu)同(tong)程(cheng)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)地(di)(di)遇到了(le)土地(di)(di)指標(biao)不(bu)足、建(jian)(jian)設資(zi)金短(duan)缺,建(jian)(jian)設立(li)項(xiang)環(huan)節多、收費多,村莊(zhuang)拆并難(nan)(nan)(nan)、舊房拆除(chu)難(nan)(nan)(nan)、宅(zhai)基(ji)地(di)(di)置(zhi)換(huan)難(nan)(nan)(nan)等(deng)問(wen)題(ti),這些(xie)問(wen)題(ti)都涉(she)及到土地(di)(di)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)、財(cai)政制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)、項(xiang)目審批(pi)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)、社會保障制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)、產權制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)等(deng)方(fang)(fang)面城(cheng)鄉(xiang)配套的(de)(de)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)。鄞州、紹(shao)興、溫嶺等(deng)不(bu)少縣市(shi)通過積(ji)極主動(dong)(dong)的(de)(de)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)探(tan)索(suo)(suo),破(po)解(jie)了(le)工(gong)程(cheng)建(jian)(jian)設中的(de)(de)一(yi)(yi)些(xie)體(ti)(ti)(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)性(xing)、政策(ce)性(xing)難(nan)(nan)(nan)題(ti),對推(tui)(tui)動(dong)(dong)工(gong)程(cheng)實施起到了(le)十分重要的(de)(de)作用。但也必須看到,這些(xie)探(tan)索(suo)(suo)只(zhi)是初(chu)步(bu)的(de)(de)和(he)(he)局部的(de)(de),面上的(de)(de)眾多難(nan)(nan)(nan)題(ti)還(huan)有(you)(you)待于進一(yi)(yi)步(bu)破(po)解(jie)。下(xia)一(yi)(yi)步(bu),要在認(ren)真(zhen)總結(jie)經驗的(de)(de)基(ji)礎上,建(jian)(jian)立(li)起改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)先導、城(cheng)鄉(xiang)互(hu)動(dong)(dong)、政策(ce)配套的(de)(de)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)創(chuang)新機制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)。重點是要進一(yi)(yi)步(bu)探(tan)索(suo)(suo)和(he)(he)推(tui)(tui)進土地(di)(di)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)方(fang)(fang)面的(de)(de)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge),包括征地(di)(di)補償制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)、宅(zhai)基(ji)地(di)(di)置(zhi)換(huan)流(liu)轉(zhuan)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)、村級集(ji)體(ti)(ti)(ti)留用地(di)(di)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)、土地(di)(di)股(gu)份(fen)(fen)(fen)合(he)作制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)等(deng)方(fang)(fang)面的(de)(de)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)和(he)(he)政策(ce)的(de)(de)完善(shan)。要簡化村莊(zhuang)整(zheng)治建(jian)(jian)設和(he)(he)村莊(zhuang)整(zheng)理項(xiang)目立(li)項(xiang)審批(pi)程(cheng)序(xu),規(gui)(gui)范和(he)(he)減少有(you)(you)關規(gui)(gui)費。要積(ji)極推(tui)(tui)進社區股(gu)份(fen)(fen)(fen)合(he)作制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge),落實好村集(ji)體(ti)(ti)(ti)留地(di)(di)安置(zhi)政策(ce),大(da)力(li)發(fa)展集(ji)體(ti)(ti)(ti)物業經營,實現集(ji)體(ti)(ti)(ti)有(you)(you)物業,農(nong)(nong)戶有(you)(you)股(gu)份(fen)(fen)(fen),探(tan)索(suo)(suo)建(jian)(jian)立(li)農(nong)(nong)民和(he)(he)集(ji)體(ti)(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)財(cai)產增值與財(cai)富積(ji)累機制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)。同(tong)時,還(huan)要按照農(nong)(nong)村稅費改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)的(de)(de)總體(ti)(ti)(ti)要求,積(ji)極推(tui)(tui)進鄉(xiang)鎮管(guan)理體(ti)(ti)(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綜合(he)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge),進一(yi)(yi)步(bu)深化戶籍(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)、農(nong)(nong)村社會保障制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)、農(nong)(nong)地(di)(di)流(liu)轉(zhuan)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)(du)等(deng)方(fang)(fang)面的(de)(de)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)。

習近平2005年8月(yue)3日(ri)在浙江省(sheng)“千村(cun)示范(fan)、萬村(cun)整治(zhi)”工程(cheng)嘉興現場會上的(de)講話,選自《干在實處走在前列》,中共中央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年12月(yue)版(ban)

建(jian)立健(jian)全領(ling)導(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)掛帥、部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men)協(xie)同、分(fen)(fen)級負(fu)責的(de)(de)工(gong)作推(tui)進(jin)機制(zhi),不斷強(qiang)化(hua)前列意識和(he)(he)責任(ren)意識。“千(qian)村(cun)(cun)示(shi)范、萬(wan)(wan)村(cun)(cun)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)”是(shi)(shi)(shi)一項綜合性系統(tong)工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng),涉(she)及城鄉各(ge)個領(ling)域,需要(yao)多(duo)部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men)、多(duo)層次、多(duo)環(huan)(huan)節的(de)(de)緊密配合才(cai)能順利(li)實(shi)(shi)(shi)施(shi)。一個部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men)、一個環(huan)(huan)節的(de)(de)消(xiao)極梗阻就會(hui)(hui)影響整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)個工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)進(jin)展。只有黨政(zheng)主(zhu)要(yao)領(ling)導(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)親自(zi)抓(zhua),才(cai)能有效地(di)動員各(ge)方力(li)(li)量(liang)、整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)合各(ge)種資源、協(xie)調(diao)(diao)各(ge)個部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men),把(ba)工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)設(she)(she)搞(gao)得(de)有聲有色,才(cai)能使我省的(de)(de)社會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義新農(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)走(zou)在(zai)(zai)全國(guo)前列。這(zhe)(zhe)兩(liang)年(nian)省里每年(nian)都(dou)召開一次各(ge)市(shi)(shi)主(zhu)要(yao)領(ling)導(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)參加(jia)的(de)(de)現場會(hui)(hui),目的(de)(de)也在(zai)(zai)于(yu)要(yao)求各(ge)級黨政(zheng)主(zhu)要(yao)領(ling)導(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)對(dui)這(zhe)(zhe)項工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)切實(shi)(shi)(shi)負(fu)起領(ling)導(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)責任(ren)。因此,必須強(qiang)調(diao)(diao)領(ling)導(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)掛帥部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men)協(xie)同、分(fen)(fen)級負(fu)責。從黨政(zheng)主(zhu)要(yao)負(fu)責人來(lai)說,關鍵是(shi)(shi)(shi)要(yao)提高領(ling)導(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)藝(yi)術和(he)(he)效率,重(zhong)點抓(zhua)好(hao)“三(san)落(luo)(luo)(luo)實(shi)(shi)(shi)”: 一是(shi)(shi)(shi)抓(zhua)好(hao)工(gong)作任(ren)務(wu)和(he)(he)責任(ren)落(luo)(luo)(luo)實(shi)(shi)(shi)。年(nian)初要(yao)做(zuo)(zuo)好(hao)工(gong)作任(ren)務(wu)部(bu)(bu)署,明確(que)責任(ren),分(fen)(fen)解落(luo)(luo)(luo)實(shi)(shi)(shi)到各(ge)級各(ge)部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men);年(nian)中要(yao)有檢查交流;年(nian)末要(yao)進(jin)行總結(jie)考核、兌現獎懲。二是(shi)(shi)(shi)抓(zhua)好(hao)政(zheng)策協(xie)調(diao)(diao)落(luo)(luo)(luo)實(shi)(shi)(shi)。重(zhong)點解決(jue)政(zheng)府(fu)投入(ru)資金和(he)(he)土(tu)地(di)指(zhi)標問題(ti)。在(zai)(zai)這(zhe)(zhe)一點上(shang),各(ge)地(di)一定要(yao)統(tong)籌(chou)安排,加(jia)強(qiang)協(xie)調(diao)(diao)。三(san)是(shi)(shi)(shi)抓(zhua)好(hao)工(gong)作班子(zi)的(de)(de)落(luo)(luo)(luo)實(shi)(shi)(shi)。要(yao)配好(hao)配強(qiang)領(ling)導(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)小(xiao)組辦公(gong)室的(de)(de)力(li)(li)量(liang),依(yi)靠(kao)這(zhe)(zhe)支專(zhuan)門(men)(men)(men)隊伍(wu)做(zuo)(zuo)好(hao)綜合協(xie)調(diao)(diao)和(he)(he)服務(wu)工(gong)作,調(diao)(diao)動各(ge)種資源、各(ge)方力(li)(li)量(liang)推(tui)進(jin)工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)設(she)(she)。從部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men)分(fen)(fen)工(gong)來(lai)說,主(zhu)要(yao)是(shi)(shi)(shi)兩(liang)大類: 一類是(shi)(shi)(shi)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)建(jian)設(she)(she)的(de)(de)牽頭(tou)部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men)和(he)(he)制(zhi)定政(zheng)策的(de)(de)部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men),如農(nong)辦、發改(gai)委、財政(zheng)、國(guo)土(tu)、建(jian)設(she)(she)部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men)等(deng),這(zhe)(zhe)些(xie)部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men)主(zhu)要(yao)是(shi)(shi)(shi)做(zuo)(zuo)好(hao)綜合協(xie)調(diao)(diao)和(he)(he)政(zheng)策制(zhi)定工(gong)作;另一類是(shi)(shi)(shi)具體(ti)實(shi)(shi)(shi)施(shi)和(he)(he)配套建(jian)設(she)(she)部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men),如組織、宣(xuan)傳、政(zheng)法、交通、水利(li)、農(nong)業(ye)、林業(ye)、環(huan)(huan)保(bao)等(deng)部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men),要(yao)把(ba)先鋒工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)、文明村(cun)(cun)、民主(zhu)法制(zhi)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)以及農(nong)村(cun)(cun)康(kang)莊、萬(wan)(wan)里清(qing)水河道、千(qian)萬(wan)(wan)農(nong)民飲水、萬(wan)(wan)里綠色通道、生態(tai)富民家(jia)園計劃、萬(wan)(wan)村(cun)(cun)文化(hua)陣地(di)、千(qian)鎮連鎖(suo)超市(shi)(shi)和(he)(he)萬(wan)(wan)村(cun)(cun)放心店等(deng)工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)與“千(qian)村(cun)(cun)示(shi)范、萬(wan)(wan)村(cun)(cun)整(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)治(zhi)”工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)更加(jia)緊密地(di)結(jie)合起來(lai)。省、市(shi)(shi)、縣、鄉鎮和(he)(he)部(bu)(bu)門(men)(men)(men)主(zhu)要(yao)領(ling)導(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)都(dou)要(yao)按照“干(gan)在(zai)(zai)實(shi)(shi)(shi)處、走(zou)在(zai)(zai)前列”的(de)(de)要(yao)求,明確(que)各(ge)自(zi)的(de)(de)責任(ren),在(zai)(zai)精力(li)(li)、財力(li)(li)、物力(li)(li)、人力(li)(li)上(shang)落(luo)(luo)(luo)實(shi)(shi)(shi)到位(wei)。

習近平2005年8月(yue)(yue)3日(ri)在浙江省(sheng)“千村示范(fan)、萬村整治(zhi)”工(gong)程(cheng)嘉興現(xian)場會上的講話,選自《干在實處走在前列》,中共中央黨(dang)校出(chu)版社,2006年12月(yue)(yue)版

加(jia)快構建新(xin)型(xing)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)合(he)作(zuo)(zuo)醫(yi)療制(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du),部(bu)署(shu)實施農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)健康(kang)工程,是加(jia)強農(nong)村(cun)(cun)衛(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)工作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)大舉措和有(you)力抓(zhua)手,是一件順民(min)(min)(min)意、得民(min)(min)(min)心、謀民(min)(min)(min)利,造福于廣大農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)群(qun)眾的(de)(de)大事(shi)(shi)(shi)、好(hao)事(shi)(shi)(shi)、實事(shi)(shi)(shi)。全省(sheng)各級黨(dang)委、政(zheng)(zheng)府一定要(yao)(yao)(yao)把(ba)這件大事(shi)(shi)(shi)做大,切(qie)實從全局高(gao)(gao)度(du)(du)把(ba)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)衛(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)工作(zuo)(zuo)擺(bai)在突出重(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)(yao)(yao)的(de)(de)位置,以認(ren)識的(de)(de)高(gao)(gao)度(du)(du)強化工作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)力度(du)(du),進一步(bu)加(jia)強領導(dao),加(jia)大投入,加(jia)緊(jin)工作(zuo)(zuo);一定要(yao)(yao)(yao)把(ba)這件好(hao)事(shi)(shi)(shi)辦(ban)好(hao),牢固樹立(li)以人為本(ben)、執政(zheng)(zheng)為民(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)理(li)念(nian),認(ren)真(zhen)研究解決影響(xiang)農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)健康(kang)的(de)(de)突出問題,更好(hao)地保護(hu)和增(zeng)進廣大農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)群(qun)眾的(de)(de)健康(kang);一定要(yao)(yao)(yao)把(ba)這件實事(shi)(shi)(shi)抓(zhua)實,加(jia)快建立(li)基本(ben)設施齊全的(de)(de)新(xin)型(xing)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)衛(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)服(fu)務(wu)網絡(luo),積極推(tui)進具有(you)較高(gao)(gao)專業素質(zhi)的(de)(de)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)衛(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)服(fu)務(wu)隊伍建設,進一步(bu)完善(shan)精干高(gao)(gao)效的(de)(de)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)衛(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)管理(li)體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)、新(xin)型(xing)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)合(he)作(zuo)(zuo)醫(yi)療制(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)和醫(yi)療救助(zhu)制(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du),認(ren)真(zhen)落(luo)實“每(mei)個鄉鎮要(yao)(yao)(yao)保留(liu)一所公(gong)立(li)衛(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)院、每(mei)個村(cun)(cun)至少有(you)一個衛(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)室(shi)”的(de)(de)要(yao)(yao)(yao)求,切(qie)實強化領導(dao)責任,將衛(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)工作(zuo)(zuo)納入地方黨(dang)政(zheng)(zheng)領導(dao)干部(bu)政(zheng)(zheng)績考核體(ti)系,通過上(shang)下共同努力,扎實推(tui)進衛(wei)(wei)(wei)生(sheng)(sheng)強省(sheng)建設。

習近(jin)平2005年(nian)8月22日關于重視(shi)和加(jia)強(qiang)農村衛生工作的批示(shi),選自《干在(zai)(zai)實處走在(zai)(zai)前列(lie)》,中共中央(yang)黨(dang)校出版(ban)社,2006年(nian)12月版(ban)

與第一、二(er)批(pi)(pi)(pi)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)相比(bi),這(zhe)(zhe)一批(pi)(pi)(pi)次(ci)的(de)先(xian)進(jin)(jin)性(xing)(xing)(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)情(qing)況更加(jia)復雜,任(ren)務更加(jia)繁重。從(cong)(cong)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)黨(dang)員隊伍的(de)狀況看,這(zhe)(zhe)一批(pi)(pi)(pi)次(ci)黨(dang)員文化程(cheng)度相對較(jiao)(jiao)低,年(nian)齡總體(ti)(ti)偏大(da),生活(huo)(huo)(huo)困(kun)難(nan)的(de)多,流動(dong)(dong)性(xing)(xing)(xing)、分(fen)散(san)性(xing)(xing)(xing)、獨立(li)性(xing)(xing)(xing)相對較(jiao)(jiao)強(qiang);從(cong)(cong)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)基層組織的(de)狀況看,少(shao)數(shu)(shu)地(di)方(fang)(fang)基層黨(dang)組織工作(zuo)基礎薄弱,工作(zuo)方(fang)(fang)法和(he)(he)手(shou)段難(nan)以適(shi)應新形勢(shi)的(de)要求(qiu),少(shao)數(shu)(shu)地(di)方(fang)(fang)還面臨缺場(chang)地(di)、少(shao)經(jing)費的(de)情(qing)況;從(cong)(cong)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)經(jing)濟社(she)(she)會(hui)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)情(qing)況看,由(you)于所(suo)處的(de)地(di)區不(bu)同(tong)(tong)、地(di)域不(bu)同(tong)(tong)、周邊產業結構(gou)不(bu)同(tong)(tong)、文化傳統(tong)和(he)(he)民俗(su)民風不(bu)同(tong)(tong),農(nong)村(cun)(cun)經(jing)濟社(she)(she)會(hui)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)的(de)不(bu)平衡性(xing)(xing)(xing)、差異性(xing)(xing)(xing)較(jiao)(jiao)明(ming)顯,個別地(di)方(fang)(fang)群體(ti)(ti)性(xing)(xing)(xing)事(shi)件、突發(fa)(fa)性(xing)(xing)(xing)事(shi)件以及社(she)(she)會(hui)矛盾(dun)比(bi)較(jiao)(jiao)多。同(tong)(tong)時,從(cong)(cong)第一批(pi)(pi)(pi)和(he)(he)第二(er)批(pi)(pi)(pi)先(xian)進(jin)(jin)性(xing)(xing)(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)的(de)實(shi)踐看,農(nong)村(cun)(cun)群眾(zhong)對第三(san)(san)批(pi)(pi)(pi)先(xian)進(jin)(jin)性(xing)(xing)(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)的(de)成(cheng)效(xiao)將更加(jia)關注(zhu),期望值更高更具體(ti)(ti)。所(suo)有這(zhe)(zhe)些都給我們(men)開展(zhan)好第三(san)(san)批(pi)(pi)(pi)先(xian)進(jin)(jin)性(xing)(xing)(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)提出了新課題、新任(ren)務和(he)(he)新要求(qiu)。各級黨(dang)組織務必充(chong)分(fen)認識農(nong)村(cun)(cun)先(xian)進(jin)(jin)性(xing)(xing)(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)的(de)復雜性(xing)(xing)(xing)和(he)(he)艱(jian)巨性(xing)(xing)(xing),認真按照中央《第三(san)(san)批(pi)(pi)(pi)保(bao)持(chi)共產黨(dang)員先(xian)進(jin)(jin)性(xing)(xing)(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)指導意見》和(he)(he)省委《第三(san)(san)批(pi)(pi)(pi)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)保(bao)持(chi)共產黨(dang)員先(xian)進(jin)(jin)性(xing)(xing)(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)實(shi)施(shi)意見》精神,積(ji)極借鑒和(he)(he)運用第一、二(er)批(pi)(pi)(pi)先(xian)進(jin)(jin)性(xing)(xing)(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)的(de)成(cheng)功經(jing)驗,緊密聯系農(nong)村(cun)(cun)實(shi)際,正確把握(wo)工作(zuo)要求(qiu),確保(bao)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)先(xian)進(jin)(jin)性(xing)(xing)(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)健康順(shun)利(li)推進(jin)(jin)。

習近平2005年12月(yue)6日(ri)在第三批先(xian)進性教(jiao)育活動工作會議上的講話,選自《干(gan)在實(shi)處走在前列》,中共中央(yang)黨校出版社,2006年12月(yue)版

堅持主(zhu)題(ti)(ti)先(xian)行,以惠(hui)(hui)民(min)(min)(min)利(li)(li)民(min)(min)(min)推動(dong)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)。圍繞建(jian)(jian)設(she)社(she)會主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)這一(yi)(yi)主(zhu)題(ti)(ti)開展(zhan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)先(xian)進(jin)(jin)(jin)性(xing)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)活動(dong),必須著眼(yan)于(yu)生(sheng)產(chan)發(fa)展(zhan)、生(sheng)活寬裕(yu)(yu)和(he)(he)影響農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)改革發(fa)展(zhan)穩(wen)定的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)問(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)解(jie)決,努力促(cu)進(jin)(jin)(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)經濟發(fa)展(zhan)和(he)(he)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)增收;著眼(yan)于(yu)鄉風(feng)文(wen)明(ming)、村(cun)(cun)容(rong)(rong)整潔(jie)和(he)(he)群(qun)眾最關(guan)心(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重點問(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)解(jie)決,積(ji)(ji)極(ji)(ji)推進(jin)(jin)(jin)和(he)(he)諧農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she);著眼(yan)于(yu)管(guan)理(li)民(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)和(he)(he)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)黨(dang)組(zu)織(zhi)與黨(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)隊(dui)伍(wu)中(zhong)(zhong)存在的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)突出問(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)解(jie)決,切實(shi)加強基(ji)層組(zu)織(zhi),提高黨(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)素質。我(wo)省一(yi)(yi)些地方的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)試點經驗也證明(ming),省委提出的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)“惠(hui)(hui)民(min)(min)(min)先(xian)行、整改推動(dong)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)原則完全符(fu)合農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)先(xian)進(jin)(jin)(jin)性(xing)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)活動(dong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)實(shi)際,也完全符(fu)合“務求實(shi)效(xiao)、群(qun)眾滿意(yi)、走(zou)在前列(lie)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)要(yao)(yao)(yao)求。農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)最大(da)(da)(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)惠(hui)(hui)民(min)(min)(min)利(li)(li)民(min)(min)(min)舉措(cuo)就(jiu)是推進(jin)(jin)(jin)社(she)會主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)。各(ge)地要(yao)(yao)(yao)圍繞這一(yi)(yi)主(zhu)題(ti)(ti),貫徹“生(sheng)產(chan)發(fa)展(zhan)、生(sheng)活寬裕(yu)(yu)、鄉風(feng)文(wen)明(ming)、村(cun)(cun)容(rong)(rong)整潔(jie)、管(guan)理(li)民(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)要(yao)(yao)(yao)求,明(ming)確本地建(jian)(jian)設(she)社(she)會主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)思(si)路和(he)(he)措(cuo)施(shi)(shi),進(jin)(jin)(jin)一(yi)(yi)步推進(jin)(jin)(jin)“千村(cun)(cun)示范、萬村(cun)(cun)整治”等一(yi)(yi)系列(lie)工程建(jian)(jian)設(she),進(jin)(jin)(jin)一(yi)(yi)步完善(shan)以工促(cu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)、以城帶(dai)鄉的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)長效(xiao)機(ji)制,進(jin)(jin)(jin)一(yi)(yi)步加快農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)平安(an)建(jian)(jian)設(she)、文(wen)化建(jian)(jian)設(she)和(he)(he)民(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)法治建(jian)(jian)設(she)。要(yao)(yao)(yao)在深入調查研究的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)基(ji)礎上(shang),及(ji)時(shi)出臺惠(hui)(hui)民(min)(min)(min)利(li)(li)民(min)(min)(min)措(cuo)施(shi)(shi),發(fa)揮黨(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)帶(dai)領和(he)(he)帶(dai)頭作(zuo)用,讓(rang)黨(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)在服務群(qun)眾的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)實(shi)踐中(zhong)(zhong)展(zhan)示先(xian)進(jin)(jin)(jin)性(xing)形象,讓(rang)群(qun)眾在實(shi)際利(li)(li)益中(zhong)(zhong)直觀(guan)理(li)解(jie)建(jian)(jian)設(she)社(she)會主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)和(he)(he)開展(zhan)先(xian)進(jin)(jin)(jin)性(xing)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)活動(dong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重大(da)(da)(da)意(yi)義,不斷提高廣(guang)大(da)(da)(da)群(qun)眾投身社(she)會主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)和(he)(he)參與、支持先(xian)進(jin)(jin)(jin)性(xing)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)積(ji)(ji)極(ji)(ji)性(xing)。要(yao)(yao)(yao)結合元(yuan)旦春(chun)節(jie)期間的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)走(zou)訪活動(dong),主(zhu)動(dong)為生(sheng)產(chan)生(sheng)活困難的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)群(qun)眾“送溫暖”,看(kan)望(wang)慰(wei)問(wen)(wen)基(ji)層黨(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)和(he)(he)干(gan)部,切實(shi)提高基(ji)層黨(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)群(qun)眾對先(xian)進(jin)(jin)(jin)性(xing)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)活動(dong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)支持度、認(ren)同感。同時(shi),行政村(cun)(cun)要(yao)(yao)(yao)結合換屆后(hou)村(cun)(cun)“兩委”履行創(chuang)業承諾(nuo)制,鄉鎮要(yao)(yao)(yao)結合第二批先(xian)進(jin)(jin)(jin)性(xing)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)鞏固擴大(da)(da)(da)整改成果(guo)工作(zuo),各(ge)級機(ji)關(guan)要(yao)(yao)(yao)結合先(xian)進(jin)(jin)(jin)性(xing)建(jian)(jian)設(she)經常性(xing)工作(zuo),使各(ge)項(xiang)惠(hui)(hui)民(min)(min)(min)利(li)(li)民(min)(min)(min)措(cuo)施(shi)(shi)落(luo)實(shi)到(dao)位,讓(rang)廣(guang)大(da)(da)(da)黨(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)和(he)(he)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)群(qun)眾從一(yi)(yi)開始就(jiu)感受到(dao)先(xian)進(jin)(jin)(jin)性(xing)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)活動(dong)帶(dai)來的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)變化。

習(xi)近(jin)平2005年(nian)12月6日在(zai)第三批先(xian)進(jin)性教育活動(dong)工作會議上的(de)講話,選自《干在(zai)實(shi)處走(zou)在(zai)前列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央(yang)黨校出版社,2006年(nian)12月版

堅(jian)(jian)持上(shang)下聯(lian)動,切(qie)實解(jie)決(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)。這(zhe)(zhe)是(shi)衡量(liang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)先進性教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活動成(cheng)效(xiao)的重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)(yao)標準。各(ge)級(ji)黨(dang)委要(yao)(yao)(yao)堅(jian)(jian)持重(zhong)心下移(yi),固本(ben)強基。解(jie)決(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)實事(shi)(shi)求(qiu)是(shi),真(zhen)抓(zhua)實干(gan),量(liang)力(li)(li)而行,盡力(li)(li)而為,堅(jian)(jian)持有什(shen)么(me)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)就解(jie)決(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)什(shen)么(me)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)、什(shen)么(me)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)突(tu)出就重(zhong)點解(jie)決(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)什(shen)么(me)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)、什(shen)么(me)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)能解(jie)決(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)的就抓(zhua)緊(jin)解(jie)決(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)什(shen)么(me)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)。具(ju)體到(dao)一(yi)個(ge)村(cun)(cun),至少要(yao)(yao)(yao)解(jie)決(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)一(yi)至兩(liang)個(ge)突(tu)出問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)。從整(zheng)體上(shang)說,要(yao)(yao)(yao)牢固樹立(li)服務(wu)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”意(yi)識,花(hua)大(da)力(li)(li)氣幫(bang)(bang)助農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)基層黨(dang)組(zu)織(zhi)解(jie)決(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)先進性教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活動中群(qun)眾(zhong)反映(ying)強烈的問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti),并把(ba)這(zhe)(zhe)項工(gong)作(zuo)同落實前兩(liang)批先進性教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活動中涉及“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)的整(zheng)改(gai)措(cuo)(cuo)施(shi)結合起來,務(wu)求(qiu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)先進性教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活動取得(de)更好的效(xiao)果。要(yao)(yao)(yao)采取具(ju)體的有效(xiao)措(cuo)(cuo)施(shi),積極幫(bang)(bang)助基層辦實事(shi)(shi)、解(jie)難事(shi)(shi),幫(bang)(bang)助生(sheng)產生(sheng)活困(kun)難的黨(dang)員解(jie)決(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)實際問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti)。教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活動中,對村(cun)(cun)級(ji)組(zu)織(zhi)沒有能力(li)(li)解(jie)決(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)的問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti),縣(市、區(qu))、鄉鎮(街道(dao))要(yao)(yao)(yao)采取召(zhao)開民情(qing)分(fen)析協(xie)調會(hui)、民情(qing)現場交辦會(hui)等形(xing)式,進行認真(zhen)分(fen)析,逐項研究(jiu),明確責任,合力(li)(li)解(jie)決(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)。全省上(shang)下要(yao)(yao)(yao)廣泛開展“真(zhen)情(qing)送服務(wu)、建(jian)(jian)設(she)新農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)”活動,通過各(ge)種(zhong)形(xing)式發動社會(hui)各(ge)界把(ba)形(xing)勢宣(xuan)講(jiang)、政策法規、農(nong)(nong)(nong)技(ji)知識、文(wen)化(hua)娛樂、幫(bang)(bang)扶濟困(kun)、醫療服務(wu)、公益建(jian)(jian)設(she)等服務(wu)措(cuo)(cuo)施(shi)送到(dao)村(cun)(cun),形(xing)成(cheng)服務(wu)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”、共建(jian)(jian)新農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)的強大(da)聲勢,讓黨(dang)員受到(dao)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu),讓群(qun)眾(zhong)得(de)到(dao)實惠(hui)。同時(shi),要(yao)(yao)(yao)繼(ji)續(xu)采取有力(li)(li)措(cuo)(cuo)施(shi),扎實抓(zhua)好村(cun)(cun)級(ji)辦公場所建(jian)(jian)設(she),努力(li)(li)把(ba)這(zhe)(zhe)件好事(shi)(shi)辦實、實事(shi)(shi)辦好。總(zong)之,要(yao)(yao)(yao)通過各(ge)方努力(li)(li),切(qie)實解(jie)決(jue)(jue)(jue)(jue)問(wen)(wen)(wen)(wen)題(ti)(ti),使以黨(dang)組(zu)織(zhi)為核心的村(cun)(cun)級(ji)組(zu)織(zhi)配套建(jian)(jian)設(she)在這(zhe)(zhe)次教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活動中得(de)到(dao)明顯(xian)加(jia)強。

習近平2005年(nian)12月(yue)6日在第(di)三批(pi)先進性教育(yu)活動工(gong)作(zuo)會議上的講話,選自《干在實處(chu)走在前列(lie)》,中共中央黨校出版社,2006年(nian)12月(yue)版

堅(jian)持從實(shi)(shi)際出發,注(zhu)重分類(lei)指導。農(nong)(nong)(nong)村先進(jin)性(xing)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)活動(dong),要(yao)(yao)(yao)體(ti)現簡便、靈活、高(gao)(gao)效原則,無論是學(xue)(xue)(xue)習(xi)培訓、征求群眾意(yi)見,開(kai)展談(tan)心(xin)活動(dong),還(huan)是召開(kai)專題組織(zhi)生活會,進(jin)行民主(zhu)評議等,都要(yao)(yao)(yao)充分考慮農(nong)(nong)(nong)村的(de)(de)(de)實(shi)(shi)際情況(kuang),顧及農(nong)(nong)(nong)村黨(dang)(dang)(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)實(shi)(shi)際水平。在(zai)(zai)時(shi)間(jian)安排上(shang)(shang),要(yao)(yao)(yao)充分利用(yong)冬季農(nong)(nong)(nong)閑(xian)、雨雪天、晚上(shang)(shang)以及農(nong)(nong)(nong)民工返鄉(xiang)的(de)(de)(de)時(shi)間(jian)開(kai)展教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)。在(zai)(zai)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)內(nei)容(rong)上(shang)(shang),要(yao)(yao)(yao)以學(xue)(xue)(xue)習(xi)實(shi)(shi)踐“三個(ge)代表(biao)”重要(yao)(yao)(yao)思想(xiang)為主(zhu)線,突出學(xue)(xue)(xue)習(xi)《黨(dang)(dang)(dang)章》這(zhe)個(ge)重點(dian)(dian)(dian),深(shen)入學(xue)(xue)(xue)習(xi)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)十(shi)六(liu)屆(jie)五中(zhong)全會和省委十(shi)一屆(jie)九(jiu)次(ci)全會精神,同(tong)時(shi),還(huan)可(ke)組織(zhi)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)學(xue)(xue)(xue)習(xi)一些政(zheng)(zheng)策(ce)法(fa)規、市(shi)場經濟知識、農(nong)(nong)(nong)村實(shi)(shi)用(yong)技術方面(mian)的(de)(de)(de)內(nei)容(rong)。要(yao)(yao)(yao)把破除封建迷信(xin)、反對(dui)邪教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)和貫(guan)徹黨(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)宗教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)政(zheng)(zheng)策(ce)作為教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)活動(dong)的(de)(de)(de)重要(yao)(yao)(yao)內(nei)容(rong)。各地(di)(di)要(yao)(yao)(yao)結合(he)(he)(he)實(shi)(shi)際,組織(zhi)編(bian)寫(xie)一些適(shi)合(he)(he)(he)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村黨(dang)(dang)(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)特(te)點(dian)(dian)(dian),通俗易懂、簡明實(shi)(shi)用(yong)的(de)(de)(de)學(xue)(xue)(xue)習(xi)材料。在(zai)(zai)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)形式上(shang)(shang),要(yao)(yao)(yao)堅(jian)持大集(ji)中(zhong)與小(xiao)(xiao)集(ji)中(zhong)相(xiang)結合(he)(he)(he),有條件的(de)(de)(de)地(di)(di)方,鄉(xiang)鎮(zhen)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)委可(ke)以以大集(ji)中(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)方式作動(dong)員(yuan)(yuan)部署、形勢(shi)宣講(jiang)、黨(dang)(dang)(dang)課輔導;村黨(dang)(dang)(dang)組織(zhi)可(ke)以結合(he)(he)(he)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村黨(dang)(dang)(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)生產生活的(de)(de)(de)特(te)點(dian)(dian)(dian)采取(qu)小(xiao)(xiao)型(xing)化的(de)(de)(de)集(ji)中(zhong)方式組織(zhi)學(xue)(xue)(xue)習(xi),也(ye)可(ke)以通過黨(dang)(dang)(dang)小(xiao)(xiao)組、學(xue)(xue)(xue)習(xi)中(zhong)心(xin)戶、家(jia)庭教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)聯系點(dian)(dian)(dian)等多種方式開(kai)展教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)。同(tong)時(shi),要(yao)(yao)(yao)引導農(nong)(nong)(nong)村黨(dang)(dang)(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)因地(di)(di)制宜抓好(hao)自(zi)學(xue)(xue)(xue),努力做到自(zi)我(wo)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)、自(zi)我(wo)提高(gao)(gao)。在(zai)(zai)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)手段上(shang)(shang),要(yao)(yao)(yao)注(zhu)重發揮(hui)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)電(dian)化教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)村現代遠(yuan)程教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)網絡的(de)(de)(de)作用(yong),開(kai)展農(nong)(nong)(nong)村黨(dang)(dang)(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)喜聞樂(le)見、寓教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)于樂(le)的(de)(de)(de)活動(dong),增(zeng)(zeng)強(qiang)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)活動(dong)的(de)(de)(de)吸引力,使農(nong)(nong)(nong)村黨(dang)(dang)(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)聽得(de)懂、學(xue)(xue)(xue)得(de)進(jin)、記得(de)住,取(qu)得(de)實(shi)(shi)實(shi)(shi)在(zai)(zai)在(zai)(zai)的(de)(de)(de)效果。要(yao)(yao)(yao)把建章立制和落實(shi)(shi)整(zheng)改措(cuo)施結合(he)(he)(he)起來,從制度上(shang)(shang)堵塞漏洞(dong),防止類(lei)似問題再次(ci)發生。整(zheng)個(ge)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)活動(dong)都必須厲行節約(yue),反對(dui)鋪張(zhang)浪費,防止形式主(zhu)義,不(bu)得(de)增(zeng)(zeng)加農(nong)(nong)(nong)民負擔。

習(xi)近平2005年12月6日(ri)在第三(san)批(pi)先進性教育活動工作會議上的講話,選自《干在實處走在前列》,中共中央黨校(xiao)出(chu)版社,2006年12月版

堅持(chi)正面(mian)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu),注意把(ba)握好政(zheng)策。越是到農村(cun)基(ji)層,遇到的(de)(de)問題會(hui)越具體,這就需要(yao)我(wo)們(men)更加注意把(ba)握好政(zheng)策。要(yao)始終(zhong)堅持(chi)正面(mian)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)、自我(wo)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)為主的(de)(de)方針(zhen),不(bu)斷增強廣大黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)員自覺學習、自覺剖析、自覺整(zheng)改、自覺提高(gao)的(de)(de)內在動力。要(yao)多做(zuo)理(li)順情緒、化解矛盾的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),多做(zuo)凝聚人心(xin)、鼓舞(wu)士氣(qi)的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),多做(zuo)啟發(fa)自覺性(xing)(xing)、調動積(ji)極性(xing)(xing)的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)引導(dao)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)員珍惜和(he)維(wei)護好農村(cun)改革發(fa)展穩定的(de)(de)大好局(ju)面(mian)。要(yao)及時發(fa)現和(he)妥善處理(li)帶有苗頭性(xing)(xing)、傾(qing)向性(xing)(xing)的(de)(de)問題,對(dui)(dui)涉(she)及農村(cun)宗族、宗教(jiao)(jiao)、宗派、社會(hui)治安、征(zheng)地拆遷、民(min)主選舉等(deng)方面(mian)的(de)(de)問題,要(yao)按(an)照(zhao)(zhao)有關(guan)(guan)政(zheng)策穩妥處理(li)。要(yao)堅持(chi)從嚴(yan)治黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)方針(zhen),立足做(zuo)好教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)、轉化工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。中央(yang)已(yi)經明(ming)確,這次教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)動中不(bu)單獨搞(gao)一個組織處理(li)階段,對(dui)(dui)那(nei)些不(bu)履行(xing)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)員義(yi)務、不(bu)具備黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)員條(tiao)件的(de)(de)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)員,要(yao)認(ren)真做(zuo)好教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)幫助工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo);對(dui)(dui)經教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)仍不(bu)改正、不(bu)符(fu)合條(tiao)件的(de)(de)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)員,要(yao)根據黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)章和(he)有關(guan)(guan)規定,按(an)照(zhao)(zhao)正常程序(xu)進(jin)行(xing)處理(li);對(dui)(dui)違紀(ji)(ji)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)員,按(an)照(zhao)(zhao)《中國共產黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)紀(ji)(ji)律處分條(tiao)例(li)》的(de)(de)規定,給予紀(ji)(ji)律處分。要(yao)堅持(chi)走(zou)群眾路線,做(zuo)到開門(men)搞(gao)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)。進(jin)一步做(zuo)好“落實三真、關(guan)(guan)愛基(ji)層”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),對(dui)(dui)基(ji)層黨(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)員干(gan)部既要(yao)嚴(yan)格教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)、嚴(yan)格管(guan)理(li)、嚴(yan)格監督,更要(yao)支持(chi)他們(men)的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),關(guan)(guan)心(xin)他們(men)的(de)(de)生活(huo)(huo)和(he)進(jin)步。

習(xi)近(jin)平2005年(nian)12月(yue)6日在第三批先進性教育活動工作會(hui)議(yi)上(shang)的講話,選自(zi)《干在實處走(zou)在前(qian)列》,中(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)央(yang)黨校出(chu)版社,2006年(nian)12月(yue)版

堅持(chi)探索創(chuang)新(xin)(xin),努(nu)力形成工(gong)作(zuo)特(te)色(se)。各地(di)要在(zai)(zai)堅持(chi)中(zhong)央(yang)和省委有關(guan)原則要求的前提下,繼續創(chuang)造性(xing)地(di)開(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)工(gong)作(zuo),把(ba)“規定動(dong)作(zuo)”抓到(dao)位,使(shi)“自選(xuan)動(dong)作(zuo)”創(chuang)特(te)色(se)。要著眼于服務(wu)群眾、促進工(gong)作(zuo),精(jing)心設計并組(zu)織開(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)各具(ju)特(te)色(se)的主題(ti)活(huo)動(dong),努(nu)力為(wei)黨(dang)員在(zai)(zai)各行各業(ye)和各個(ge)崗位上展(zhan)(zhan)現先進性(xing)提供舞臺。農(nong)村(cun)(cun)黨(dang)組(zu)織要廣泛開(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)“黨(dang)員建新(xin)(xin)功(gong)、支部創(chuang)新(xin)(xin)業(ye)”主題(ti)實(shi)踐活(huo)動(dong),使(shi)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)基層黨(dang)組(zu)織和黨(dang)員在(zai)(zai)建設新(xin)(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)中(zhong)發揮帶頭帶動(dong)帶領(ling)的作(zuo)用,當前特(te)別(bie)要在(zai)(zai)防(fang)控(kong)高致病(bing)性(xing)禽流感斗爭中(zhong)發揮先鋒(feng)模范作(zuo)用。

習近平2005年12月6日在(zai)第三(san)批先(xian)進性教育活動工作會議上的講話,選自(zi)《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列(lie)》,中共中央(yang)黨校(xiao)出版社,2006年12月版

堅持“兩不誤(wu)、兩促進(jin)(jin)”,全面推進(jin)(jin)各項工(gong)(gong)作。這次農(nong)村(cun)(cun)先進(jin)(jin)性(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)(dong),規模(mo)大,范圍廣,時間緊,要(yao)求(qiu)高;同時,又是歲末年初,工(gong)(gong)作千頭萬緒,任(ren)務(wu)相(xiang)當繁重(zhong)。各地要(yao)妥善處理好先進(jin)(jin)性(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)(dong)與農(nong)村(cun)(cun)生產工(gong)(gong)作的(de)關(guan)系,做到統籌兼(jian)顧,合理安(an)排,相(xiang)互促進(jin)(jin),以農(nong)村(cun)(cun)各項工(gong)(gong)作的(de)實際(ji)成(cheng)(cheng)效檢驗先進(jin)(jin)性(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)(dong)的(de)成(cheng)(cheng)效。在(zai)(zai)時間進(jin)(jin)度(du)、形式(shi)內容等(deng)的(de)安(an)排上,既(ji)要(yao)認真(zhen)落(luo)實中央和省委的(de)統一(yi)要(yao)求(qiu),確保在(zai)(zai)一(yi)定(ding)時間內完成(cheng)(cheng)先進(jin)(jin)性(xing)教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)活(huo)(huo)動(dong)(dong)(dong)的(de)各項任(ren)務(wu),又要(yao)給村(cun)(cun)黨組織從本村(cun)(cun)實際(ji)出(chu)發、進(jin)(jin)行自(zi)主(zhu)安(an)排,留出(chu)一(yi)定(ding)的(de)空(kong)間。

習(xi)近(jin)平(ping)2005年12月6日在(zai)第三(san)批先進性教育活動工作會議(yi)上的講話,選自《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列(lie)》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨(dang)校出版社,2006年12月版

我們跳出(chu)“三農(nong)(nong)”抓“三農(nong)(nong)”,統(tong)籌城鄉興(xing)“三農(nong)(nong)”,把城市和農(nong)(nong)村、工(gong)業和農(nong)(nong)業作為一個整體(ti)來謀劃,推動城鄉協調(diao)發展。以“三帶兩區(qu)”規劃為導向(xiang),加(jia)快(kuai)建(jian)設海洋經濟強省,支持欠發達地區(qu)加(jia)快(kuai)發展,出(chu)政策,抓載體(ti),上項目,完(wan)善生產力布(bu)局,努力培育新的(de)經濟增長點,推動區(qu)域協調(diao)發展。

習近平(ping)2005年(nian)12月(yue)19日在浙江省經(jing)濟工(gong)作會議上的講話,選(xuan)自(zi)《干在實處走在前列》,中共中央黨校出版(ban)(ban)社,2006年(nian)12月(yue)版(ban)(ban)

著力(li)做好(hao)本(ben)省農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作,使(shi)(shi)“農(nong)(nong)者有其(qi)(qi)地(di)(di)”。從浙江的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)情(qing)況看,農(nong)(nong)村勞(lao)動(dong)力(li)轉移(yi)(yi)到(dao)二、三(san)產業(ye),一(yi)般是(shi)(shi)(shi)伴(ban)(ban)隨著工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)化和城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)化的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)推(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin),在省內(nei)或在當(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)地(di)(di)實現的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),很(hen)多(duo)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)都是(shi)(shi)(shi)當(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)地(di)(di)人(ren)(ren)口。因此,解(jie)決農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)問(wen)題(ti),實際上是(shi)(shi)(shi)解(jie)決當(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)地(di)(di)經(jing)濟社(she)會(hui)發展問(wen)題(ti),是(shi)(shi)(shi)當(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)地(di)(di)黨委、政(zheng)府工(gong)(gong)(gong)作的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)題(ti)中之義(yi)。由于400萬本(ben)地(di)(di)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)屬(shu)地(di)(di)性,他們(men)轉移(yi)(yi)到(dao)當(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)地(di)(di)非(fei)農(nong)(nong)產業(ye)所(suo)帶來的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)村土(tu)地(di)(di)流轉、擇業(ye)定位、勞(lao)動(dong)分配、就(jiu)業(ye)環境、社(she)會(hui)保(bao)障(zhang)、家庭(ting)關系(xi)、民(min)(min)主政(zheng)治(zhi)權利、精神(shen)文化生(sheng)活等(deng)問(wen)題(ti),都解(jie)決得比較好(hao),絕大(da)(da)多(duo)數人(ren)(ren)享有同城(cheng)、同鎮、同村經(jing)濟、政(zheng)治(zhi)、文化利益的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)同等(deng)待遇,對(dui)社(she)會(hui)建(jian)(jian)設、社(she)會(hui)管理(li)和社(she)會(hui)融洽產生(sheng)了(le)積極的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)影響,起到(dao)了(le)與工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)化和城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)化同向推(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)要(yao)作用。他們(men)當(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)中有很(hen)大(da)(da)一(yi)部分人(ren)(ren)伴(ban)(ban)隨著城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)化的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)推(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin),成(cheng)為(wei)城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)名副(fu)其(qi)(qi)實的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新市(shi)(shi)(shi)民(min)(min),一(yi)些人(ren)(ren)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)收益甚至達到(dao)社(she)會(hui)中等(deng)收入(ru)水平,社(she)會(hui)穩定的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)心(xin)理(li)預期度比較高,是(shi)(shi)(shi)社(she)會(hui)安定和諧(xie)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)要(yao)力(li)量。我(wo)(wo)省也有一(yi)些人(ren)(ren)是(shi)(shi)(shi)跨縣城(cheng)、跨地(di)(di)區異地(di)(di)流動(dong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)。在這部分勞(lao)動(dong)力(li)流動(dong)過程中,我(wo)(wo)們(men)非(fei)常重(zhong)視家庭(ting)聯產承包制(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)穩定,充分體現農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)工(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)身份(fen),明確提出這部分人(ren)(ren)進(jin)(jin)城(cheng)后在沒有轉為(wei)市(shi)(shi)(shi)民(min)(min)以前,其(qi)(qi)土(tu)地(di)(di)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)經(jing)營(ying)權不能變(bian),身份(fen)要(yao)保(bao)留,讓(rang)他們(men)留下偶有經(jing)濟緊縮、用工(gong)(gong)(gong)減少(shao)時的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)一(yi)條退路。在保(bao)證“農(nong)(nong)者有其(qi)(qi)地(di)(di)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)同時,我(wo)(wo)們(men)積極推(tui)(tui)行土(tu)地(di)(di)流轉機制(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)立(li),倡導土(tu)地(di)(di)適度規模經(jing)營(ying),大(da)(da)力(li)發展高效生(sheng)態農(nong)(nong)業(ye),使(shi)(shi)進(jin)(jin)城(cheng)從事非(fei)農(nong)(nong)產業(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)村勞(lao)動(dong)力(li)能夠“進(jin)(jin)退自(zi)如”。

習(xi)近平: 《以建設和諧社(she)會的理念切實把解決農(nong)民工問題擺上重要(yao)位置(zhi)》(《學習(xi)與研究》雜志2005年第8期),轉引自《干在實處(chu)走在前列》,中共(gong)中央黨校出(chu)版(ban)社(she),2006年12月版(ban)

“新溫(wen)州人(ren)(ren)”等稱謂(wei)的(de)(de)(de)出現,使“來(lai)者有(you)其尊”。農(nong)村(cun)勞(lao)動(dong)(dong)力(li)(li)(li)(li)轉移(yi)(yi)到二、三產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye),在(zai)浙江(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)還(huan)表現為(wei)(wei)800萬省(sheng)外勞(lao)動(dong)(dong)力(li)(li)(li)(li)跨省(sheng)轉移(yi)(yi)到省(sheng)內各非農(nong)產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(簡(jian)稱“外來(lai)務工人(ren)(ren)員”,下同),其規模(mo)約占全(quan)國跨省(sheng)流動(dong)(dong)的(de)(de)(de)9000多(duo)萬勞(lao)動(dong)(dong)力(li)(li)(li)(li)總量的(de)(de)(de)9%。一(yi)(yi)方面(mian),這(zhe)是(shi)浙江(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)城鎮非農(nong)產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)勞(lao)動(dong)(dong)力(li)(li)(li)(li)需求(qiu)與技(ji)術需求(qiu)的(de)(de)(de)有(you)效補充;另一(yi)(yi)方面(mian),浙江(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)資(zi)本(ben)(ben)與勞(lao)動(dong)(dong)力(li)(li)(li)(li)資(zi)源的(de)(de)(de)結合,創(chuang)造出巨大(da)的(de)(de)(de)財富,是(shi)浙江(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)經濟建(jian)設(she)(she)一(yi)(yi)支不(bu)可(ke)缺少的(de)(de)(de)主力(li)(li)(li)(li)軍(jun),也(ye)是(shi)浙江(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)社會(hui)(hui)建(jian)設(she)(she)一(yi)(yi)支新生的(de)(de)(de)重要力(li)(li)(li)(li)量。正因(yin)為(wei)(wei)勞(lao)動(dong)(dong)力(li)(li)(li)(li)作(zuo)為(wei)(wei)重要生產(chan)(chan)(chan)要素的(de)(de)(de)不(bu)可(ke)替代性以及勞(lao)動(dong)(dong)力(li)(li)(li)(li)市場的(de)(de)(de)有(you)效供需銜接(jie),也(ye)因(yin)為(wei)(wei)在(zai)社會(hui)(hui)主義大(da)家庭中不(bu)存(cun)在(zai)嚴格(ge)意(yi)義上的(de)(de)(de)內外之(zhi)分,各地(di)比較早(zao)地(di)意(yi)識到這(zhe)種勞(lao)動(dong)(dong)力(li)(li)(li)(li)的(de)(de)(de)“外生”流入,需要也(ye)勢必在(zai)浙江(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)大(da)地(di)“內化”共融(rong)(rong),他(ta)們(men)(men)中的(de)(de)(de)一(yi)(yi)部分人(ren)(ren)正在(zai)并且還(huan)將(jiang)繼續內化為(wei)(wei)“新浙江(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)人(ren)(ren)”。和(he)諧社會(hui)(hui),以人(ren)(ren)為(wei)(wei)本(ben)(ben)。人(ren)(ren)本(ben)(ben)之(zhi)要,人(ren)(ren)和(he)為(wei)(wei)先。我(wo)們(men)(men)要建(jian)立(li)誠(cheng)信(xin)友愛的(de)(de)(de)和(he)諧社會(hui)(hui),就(jiu)是(shi)要使全(quan)社會(hui)(hui)互幫互助、誠(cheng)實(shi)、守信(xin),全(quan)體人(ren)(ren)民平(ping)等友愛、融(rong)(rong)洽相(xiang)處。

習近平: 《以建設和諧社(she)會的理念切實把解決農民工問題擺(bai)上重(zhong)要位置》(《學(xue)習與研究》雜(za)志(zhi)2005年(nian)第8期),轉引自《干(gan)在實處走在前列(lie)》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校出版(ban)社(she),2006年(nian)12月版(ban)

及時足(zu)額兌(dui)現(xian)勞動(dong)(dong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)資,使“勞者有其得”。尊重勞動(dong)(dong),尊重創造,尊重和(he)切實維護(hu)外來務工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)員的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)經濟(ji)權利,是(shi)(shi)建(jian)設(she)“充滿(man)活力”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)和(he)諧社會的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重要特征。由于浙江中小企(qi)業(ye)贏(ying)利面廣、收益率高,務工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)員的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)資水平(ping)較高,拖(tuo)欠工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)資的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)情況比較少。據2004年(nian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)調(diao)查,當年(nian)務工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)(ren)員的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)月平(ping)均(jun)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)資為(wei)1200元,能及時足(zu)額兌(dui)現(xian)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)資的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)占97.5%。及時足(zu)額兌(dui)現(xian)農民工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)資,不(bu)僅是(shi)(shi)政府管理職(zhi)能所及,而且已經成(cheng)為(wei)企(qi)業(ye)生產經營的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)運行常態。2003年(nian)以(yi)來,各地以(yi)清理整(zheng)治建(jian)筑(zhu)業(ye)拖(tuo)欠農民工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)資問題為(wei)抓手,查處了一(yi)(yi)批典型個案,并舉(ju)一(yi)(yi)反三(san),反思延(yan)伸(shen),擴(kuo)大了清理的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)行業(ye)范(fan)圍(wei),進一(yi)(yi)步(bu)規范(fan)勞動(dong)(dong)用工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)和(he)分配制度,不(bu)僅使落實“按勞取(qu)酬(chou)”成(cheng)為(wei)政府依法行政的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)行為(wei),而且成(cheng)為(wei)企(qi)業(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)自覺行為(wei)和(he)共同認(ren)可(ke)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)社會風尚。

習(xi)近平: 《以建設和諧社會的理念(nian)切實(shi)把解決農民(min)工(gong)問題擺上重(zhong)要位置》(《學習(xi)與研究》雜志2005年第(di)8期),轉引自(zi)《干在實(shi)處走在前(qian)列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校出版社,2006年12月版

興建(jian)一(yi)批“安(an)(an)心(xin)公寓”,使“工(gong)者(zhe)有(you)其居(ju)(ju)”。農(nong)民(min)工(gong)居(ju)(ju)有(you)其屋,安(an)(an)居(ju)(ju)樂業(ye),是保持社(she)會安(an)(an)定團結、完(wan)善社(she)會管理、形成良好(hao)社(she)會秩(zhi)序(xu)構建(jian)安(an)(an)定有(you)序(xu)和諧社(she)會的(de)重要方面。在我省外(wai)來務(wu)工(gong)人(ren)員比(bi)較集(ji)中的(de)杭州、寧波、溫州、臺州、紹興、嘉興等地(di),投入大(da)量的(de)資(zi)金(jin),在工(gong)業(ye)園區(qu)和開發區(qu)周(zhou)邊建(jian)起了(le)(le)一(yi)大(da)批集(ji)農(nong)民(min)工(gong)居(ju)(ju)住(zhu)、教育培訓、管理服務(wu)、文化娛樂于(yu)一(yi)體的(de)“安(an)(an)心(xin)公寓”“建(jian)設者(zhe)之家”、務(wu)工(gong)人(ren)員居(ju)(ju)住(zhu)中心(xin)等,內有(you)電視(shi)室、圖(tu)書閱覽(lan)室、乒(ping)乓(pang)球室、籃球場、菜場、商店等配套設施,以低價廉租(zu)的(de)形式租(zu)借給外(wai)來務(wu)工(gong)人(ren)員居(ju)(ju)住(zhu),一(yi)定程度上(shang)解(jie)決了(le)(le)“工(gong)者(zhe)有(you)其居(ju)(ju)”問題,較好(hao)地(di)改善了(le)(le)一(yi)部(bu)分務(wu)工(gong)人(ren)員的(de)生活條件,解(jie)決了(le)(le)企(qi)業(ye)的(de)后顧之憂,使外(wai)來務(wu)工(gong)人(ren)員安(an)(an)心(xin)、當(dang)地(di)政府和企(qi)業(ye)放心(xin)。

習近(jin)平: 《以建(jian)設和(he)諧社會的理念切(qie)實把解決農民工問題擺(bai)上(shang)重要位置》(《學習與(yu)研(yan)究》雜志(zhi)2005年第8期),轉引自《干在實處走在前列(lie)》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨(dang)校出版社,2006年12月版

擴大政(zheng)府(fu)的(de)公共服(fu)務,使“孤者有其養”。少有所學,病有所醫(yi),是人(ren)們的(de)一種基本(ben)向往(wang)和(he)追求。農民工(gong)初到城市打工(gong),在(zai)一定(ding)程度上屬于舉目無親的(de)“孤獨(du)之群”,特別(bie)是由于歷(li)史上形成的(de)城鄉分(fen)割的(de)二元體制(zhi),以(yi)往(wang)政(zheng)府(fu)社會管(guan)理(li)和(he)提供公共服(fu)務的(de)對象,總是以(yi)戶籍(ji)人(ren)口為依據的(de),外來務工(gong)人(ren)員(yuan)常常被(bei)拒之門(men)外。我們在(zai)調(diao)查中發現(xian),外來務工(gong)人(ren)員(yuan)期盼政(zheng)府(fu)提供公共服(fu)務的(de)內容,主要以(yi)三個(ge)問題為“最”。

一(yi)是以(yi)(yi)提供義務(wu)教育(yu)為(wei)最大的(de)愿望。未成年人(ren)的(de)成長成才(cai),是涉及千萬(wan)(wan)(wan)家(jia)庭的(de)“民心(xin)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)”,父(fu)母親千辛萬(wan)(wan)(wan)苦外來(lai)打(da)工(gong)(gong)(gong),很大程(cheng)度上(shang)(shang)也是為(wei)了(le)子(zi)(zi)女(nv)(nv)成人(ren)成才(cai)。對此(ci),浙江(jiang)(jiang)各地在外來(lai)務(wu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)員(yuan)子(zi)(zi)女(nv)(nv)入(ru)(ru)學(xue)問題上(shang)(shang),普遍(bian)實行“同(tong)城待(dai)遇”,通過公(gong)立學(xue)校擴招、私(si)立學(xue)校招生、建設民工(gong)(gong)(gong)子(zi)(zi)弟學(xue)校以(yi)(yi)及千方(fang)百計減免(mian)困(kun)難(nan)學(xue)生的(de)入(ru)(ru)學(xue)費用,設立各種“希望工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)”基金(jin)、“愛心(xin)”基金(jin)、發放(fang)“教育(yu)券”等多種渠道,保證民工(gong)(gong)(gong)子(zi)(zi)女(nv)(nv)有學(xue)上(shang)(shang)、上(shang)(shang)得(de)起學(xue)。以(yi)(yi)杭(hang)州市(shi)為(wei)例(li),全市(shi)共(gong)3.3萬(wan)(wan)(wan)余名(ming)困(kun)難(nan)學(xue)生受(shou)到(dao)資助(zhu),累(lei)計資助(zhu)金(jin)額(e)1480萬(wan)(wan)(wan)元(yuan)。該市(shi)出臺(tai)了(le)《外來(lai)務(wu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)子(zi)(zi)女(nv)(nv)在杭(hang)就學(xue)的(de)暫(zan)行管理(li)辦法》,規定只要(yao)父(fu)母或監護人(ren)擁有暫(zan)住證和在杭(hang)務(wu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)一(yi)年以(yi)(yi)上(shang)(shang),其子(zi)(zi)女(nv)(nv)均(jun)可申請入(ru)(ru)學(xue),享有“同(tong)城待(dai)遇”,這幾年共(gong)解決了(le)8.3萬(wan)(wan)(wan)名(ming)外來(lai)務(wu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)子(zi)(zi)女(nv)(nv)的(de)就學(xue)問題。目前全省民工(gong)(gong)(gong)子(zi)(zi)女(nv)(nv)在浙江(jiang)(jiang)的(de)入(ru)(ru)學(xue)率達到(dao)96%以(yi)(yi)上(shang)(shang)。

二(er)是以擴(kuo)(kuo)大社會(hui)(hui)保(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)為(wei)最大的(de)(de)需求。務(wu)(wu)工(gong)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)外(wai)出掙錢,一為(wei)子女,二(er)為(wei)家人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren),三(san)為(wei)自(zi)己。在(zai)就醫看(kan)病(bing)方面,各地想方設法降低務(wu)(wu)工(gong)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)看(kan)病(bing)費用,向民(min)工(gong)發放“愛心卡”,為(wei)民(min)工(gong)提供醫療(liao)救助,使他們少花錢、看(kan)好(hao)病(bing)。在(zai)社會(hui)(hui)保(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)方面,一些經濟條件較好(hao)的(de)(de)地方,擴(kuo)(kuo)大社會(hui)(hui)養老保(bao)險(xian)的(de)(de)覆蓋(gai)面,把(ba)外(wai)來(lai)(lai)務(wu)(wu)工(gong)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)納入其(qi)中(zhong)(zhong)。根據抽樣調(diao)查,外(wai)來(lai)(lai)務(wu)(wu)工(gong)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)參加一種(zhong)以上社會(hui)(hui)統籌保(bao)險(xian)的(de)(de)達55%。其(qi)中(zhong)(zhong),參加養老保(bao)險(xian)的(de)(de)為(wei)41%;參加工(gong)傷保(bao)險(xian)的(de)(de)為(wei)34%;參加醫療(liao)保(bao)險(xian)的(de)(de)為(wei)26%。隨著(zhu)社會(hui)(hui)統籌保(bao)險(xian)面的(de)(de)不斷擴(kuo)(kuo)大,更好(hao)地穩定(ding)了職工(gong)隊伍、創新了社會(hui)(hui)保(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)機(ji)制。下一步,我們還要在(zai)擴(kuo)(kuo)大覆蓋(gai)面上下工(gong)夫(fu),特別(bie)要著(zhu)力研究如何建(jian)立和完善(shan)針對外(wai)來(lai)(lai)務(wu)(wu)工(gong)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)“低保(bao)”政策和機(ji)制,使目前(qian)已覆蓋(gai)城鄉的(de)(de)最低生活保(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)制度,能夠(gou)有效地向外(wai)來(lai)(lai)務(wu)(wu)工(gong)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)延伸(shen)。

三是以加快戶籍制(zhi)度改革(ge)為(wei)最大期(qi)盼。浙江(jiang)各地對外來(lai)(lai)務(wu)(wu)工人員(yuan)提供公(gong)(gong)共(gong)服務(wu)(wu)的(de)許多(duo)做法,一個基本點就是打破以戶籍為(wei)界限的(de)公(gong)(gong)共(gong)服務(wu)(wu)體(ti)制(zhi)性(xing)障礙,把(ba)有(you)固(gu)定(ding)住所、有(you)穩(wen)定(ding)職業和(he)收(shou)入的(de)外來(lai)(lai)務(wu)(wu)工人員(yuan),盡(jin)可能地納入政府提供公(gong)(gong)共(gong)服務(wu)(wu)的(de)對象范疇,逐步(bu)有(you)序地開(kai)放戶籍管理制(zhi)度,為(wei)外來(lai)(lai)務(wu)(wu)工人員(yuan)成為(wei)城市(shi)(shi)新市(shi)(shi)民開(kai)辟(pi)政策(ce)通道。

習近(jin)平: 《以建設和諧社會(hui)的理念(nian)切實把解決農民工問題(ti)擺上重要位置》(《學習與研(yan)究》雜志2005年(nian)第8期),轉引自《干(gan)在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列》,中共(gong)中央(yang)黨校出版社,2006年(nian)12月版

享有(you)民主政(zheng)治權利(li),使(shi)“優(you)者有(you)其(qi)榮”。和(he)諧社會(hui),是民主法治的社會(hui)。外來務工人員在物質生活水平有(you)所提高的同(tong)時,民主政(zheng)治的參與程度和(he)應有(you)的社會(hui)政(zheng)治地位也在不(bu)斷提高。

有(you)(you)(you)的(de)(de)務(wu)工(gong)人(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)個(ge)人(ren)素(su)質比較高,在務(wu)工(gong)的(de)(de)過程(cheng)中學到了(le)(le)技術和(he)企(qi)(qi)業經營管理的(de)(de)本(ben)領,把自己與企(qi)(qi)業的(de)(de)發展緊(jin)緊(jin)地聯系在一(yi)起,得到了(le)(le)企(qi)(qi)業的(de)(de)信(xin)任而(er)紛(fen)紛(fen)走上了(le)(le)班組長(chang)、車間主任、工(gong)會(hui)主席、婦代會(hui)主席、共青團書記、監事會(hui)代表等企(qi)(qi)業中層領導崗位,也有(you)(you)(you)的(de)(de)被企(qi)(qi)業和(he)地方選(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)舉(ju)(ju)為(wei)人(ren)大代表、政(zheng)協委員(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)。以義(yi)烏市(shi)(shi)為(wei)例(li),2001年(nian)有(you)(you)(you)10名外來(lai)務(wu)工(gong)人(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)當選(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)為(wei)鎮人(ren)大代表,2002年(nian)有(you)(you)(you)11名外來(lai)務(wu)工(gong)人(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)當選(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)為(wei)義(yi)烏市(shi)(shi)人(ren)大代表,2003年(nian)有(you)(you)(you)美國、韓(han)國、中東(dong)等國家(jia)和(he)地區(qu)的(de)(de)8名外籍人(ren)士(shi)列席市(shi)(shi)人(ren)代會(hui),2004年(nian)有(you)(you)(you)外來(lai)務(wu)工(gong)人(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)當選(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)為(wei)義(yi)烏市(shi)(shi)人(ren)民法(fa)院陪審員(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),逐步地落(luo)實了(le)(le)外來(lai)務(wu)工(gong)人(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)選(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)舉(ju)(ju)權和(he)被選(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)(xuan)舉(ju)(ju)權,創造(zao)了(le)(le)維權社會(hui)化的(de)(de)“義(yi)烏模(mo)式”。

習近(jin)平(ping): 《以建設和諧(xie)社會(hui)的理(li)念切實把解決農民工問(wen)題擺上重要位置》(《學習與研究(jiu)》雜(za)志(zhi)2005年(nian)第8期(qi)),轉(zhuan)引自《干(gan)在實處走在前(qian)列》,中(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)央黨(dang)校出版社,2006年(nian)12月版

豐(feng)富(fu)精神文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)生(sheng)活(huo)(huo),使“力者有(you)其樂(le)”。“通過(guo)發展(zhan)社會(hui)主義先(xian)進文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)來(lai)(lai)不斷鞏固和諧(xie)社會(hui)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設的(de)(de)精神支撐”,是(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設和諧(xie)社會(hui)的(de)(de)重要(yao)途徑。實現農(nong)民工(gong)(gong)基(ji)本文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)利益、達到(dao)“以文(wen)促和”,這是(shi)(shi)構建(jian)(jian)(jian)和諧(xie)社會(hui)的(de)(de)重要(yao)必要(yao)條(tiao)件。去年省(sheng)委專題(ti)研究了(le)加強文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)陣(zhen)地建(jian)(jian)(jian)設、豐(feng)富(fu)外(wai)來(lai)(lai)務(wu)工(gong)(gong)人員(yuan)精神文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)生(sheng)活(huo)(huo)的(de)(de)問題(ti),萬場電影下農(nong)村、萬場演出(chu)進社區等(deng)各(ge)(ge)種形式的(de)(de)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)體育(yu)活(huo)(huo)動在務(wu)工(gong)(gong)人員(yuan)當(dang)中普遍開(kai)展(zhan)起來(lai)(lai)。杭(hang)州市(shi)開(kai)展(zhan)“與外(wai)來(lai)(lai)者共(gong)舞”活(huo)(huo)動,舉(ju)辦“百對務(wu)工(gong)(gong)人員(yuan)新婚(hun)大(da)典”;寧波市(shi)開(kai)展(zhan)“我(wo)們都(dou)(dou)是(shi)(shi)兄弟(di)姐妹”“同享一片藍天(tian)”“第一故鄉(xiang)、第二故鄉(xiang),都(dou)(dou)是(shi)(shi)創業之鄉(xiang)”活(huo)(huo)動;金華市(shi)的(de)(de)廣(guang)場電影夜市(shi),溫州市(shi)的(de)(de)“和馨行動”,嘉興市(shi)的(de)(de)“千(qian)場電影、百場演出(chu)”,蕭山(shan)市(shi)的(de)(de)千(qian)場露天(tian)電影、百場納涼晚會(hui),平湖市(shi)的(de)(de)“新市(shi)民”文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設等(deng)活(huo)(huo)動,都(dou)(dou)極大(da)地豐(feng)富(fu)了(le)外(wai)來(lai)(lai)務(wu)工(gong)(gong)人員(yuan)的(de)(de)業余生(sheng)活(huo)(huo)。省(sheng)委、省(sheng)政府組織實施的(de)(de)“千(qian)萬農(nong)民素(su)質培訓(xun)工(gong)(gong)程”,各(ge)(ge)地都(dou)(dou)把(ba)外(wai)來(lai)(lai)人員(yuan)納入其中,通過(guo)教育(yu)訓(xun)練,從一定程度上強化(hua)(hua)(hua)了(le)他(ta)(ta)們的(de)(de)法(fa)規觀念(nian)、提高了(le)他(ta)(ta)們的(de)(de)務(wu)工(gong)(gong)技能、增強了(le)他(ta)(ta)們的(de)(de)城市(shi)意識和文(wen)明素(su)質,取得了(le)積極的(de)(de)效果。

習近平: 《以(yi)建(jian)設和諧(xie)社會的理念(nian)切(qie)實(shi)把解決農民工問題(ti)擺上重要位置》(《學習與研究》雜(za)志(zhi)2005年(nian)(nian)第8期),轉引自《干在(zai)實(shi)處走在(zai)前列》,中共中央黨(dang)校出版社,2006年(nian)(nian)12月版

壯大工(gong)人(ren)(ren)階(jie)級隊伍,使“外(wai)者有(you)(you)其歸”。農民工(gong)遠離家鄉和親人(ren)(ren),從事(shi)高強度的(de)(de)勞動,他們(men)往返于城鄉之間,不斷經歷(li)社會角色(se)的(de)(de)變換,思維方式、行(xing)為、習慣和消費觀念受(shou)到(dao)了城市(shi)(shi)(shi)生活(huo)的(de)(de)影(ying)響,普遍有(you)(you)融(rong)入城市(shi)(shi)(shi)生活(huo)的(de)(de)強烈(lie)愿望,希望能夠得到(dao)更多的(de)(de)平等待遇(yu)和人(ren)(ren)文關愛。據杭州市(shi)(shi)(shi)江干區和紹興嵊州市(shi)(shi)(shi)的(de)(de)調查,外(wai)來(lai)(lai)務(wu)工(gong)人(ren)(ren)員年(nian)齡在35歲以(yi)下的(de)(de)分別占75%和92%,他們(men)年(nian)輕好學,思維活(huo)躍,富有(you)(you)創新精神,對未來(lai)(lai)充滿憧憬(jing),是新生代(dai)(第二代(dai))的(de)(de)農民工(gong),是新一代(dai)的(de)(de)產(chan)業工(gong)人(ren)(ren),是工(gong)人(ren)(ren)階(jie)級的(de)(de)新鮮血(xue)液(ye)。對此(ci),去(qu)年(nian)中央1號文件明確指出: “進(jin)城就(jiu)業的(de)(de)農民工(gong)已經成(cheng)為產(chan)業工(gong)人(ren)(ren)的(de)(de)重要組成(cheng)部分”。我們(men)認識到(dao),執政黨要鞏固(gu)黨的(de)(de)階(jie)級基礎和擴大黨的(de)(de)群眾基礎,必須使“外(wai)”來(lai)(lai)務(wu)工(gong)人(ren)(ren)員有(you)(you)其“歸”,這個(ge)“歸”就(jiu)是工(gong)人(ren)(ren)階(jie)級的(de)(de)大家庭。

同時,我們也要(yao)看(kan)到,讓農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工真正成為(wei)工人(ren)(ren)階級的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)一部分,還有(you)很(hen)多工作要(yao)做,特(te)別(bie)是如何切實提(ti)高農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)綜合素質,如何真正落(luo)實農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)經濟(ji)政治(zhi)文化權(quan)益,如何在體制(zhi)、機制(zhi)和(he)制(zhi)度(du)等方面(mian),給予(yu)農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工以更多的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)關愛等,都需要(yao)我們深入研究,不斷推進(jin)這方面(mian)工作。所以,我們強調,各級工會首先要(yao)把組織(zhi)(zhi)建設和(he)隊伍建設這兩大任務擺到重(zhong)中(zhong)之重(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)位置(zhi),引導和(he)指導各級各類企業完善(shan)組織(zhi)(zhi)、壯大隊伍,逐步(bu)打(da)破戶籍(ji)限制(zhi),消(xiao)除“職工”和(he)“打(da)工”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)區別(bie),最(zui)大限度(du)地把外來務工人(ren)(ren)員組織(zhi)(zhi)到工會中(zhong)來,通(tong)過組織(zhi)(zhi)制(zhi)度(du)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)創新(xin),使農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工真正有(you)“歸宿感”,從(cong)而為(wei)解決農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工問題創造更好的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)條件。

習近(jin)平: 《以建設和諧社會的(de)理(li)念切實把解決農民工(gong)問題擺上重要位置》(《學(xue)習與研究》雜志2005年(nian)第8期),轉引(yin)自《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列》,中(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)央黨(dang)校出(chu)版社,2006年(nian)12月版

建設社(she)會主義新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun),對(dui)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業是一次難(nan)得的(de)(de)(de)發(fa)展機遇,對(dui)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)是一場重大的(de)(de)(de)社(she)會變革,對(dui)農(nong)(nong)(nong)民是一個美好的(de)(de)(de)時代福音,也必然給我(wo)們的(de)(de)(de)發(fa)展觀(guan)念、領導方法、工作部署、投資重點(dian)等各個方面帶來(lai)深刻(ke)的(de)(de)(de)影響,提(ti)出更高的(de)(de)(de)要求(qiu)。

在具體工(gong)(gong)作中,要(yao)(yao)注(zhu)意把握這(zhe)樣幾(ji)條要(yao)(yao)求: 一要(yao)(yao)堅(jian)持從實際(ji)出(chu)發,尊(zun)重農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)意愿(yuan)。要(yao)(yao)因地(di)制(zhi)宜,注(zhu)重實效(xiao),切(qie)不可(ke)脫(tuo)離實際(ji)、超越(yue)發展階段(duan),盲目吊高“胃(wei)口(kou)”。只有(you)這(zhe)樣,才能符合農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)意愿(yuan)、帶給農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)實惠(hui)、得(de)到農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)擁護(hu),扎實穩步地(di)向前推進(jin)。二要(yao)(yao)堅(jian)持農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)主體地(di)位,立足自力更生。建(jian)設新農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)直接受益者是農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min),要(yao)(yao)通過組(zu)織引導和(he)宣傳發動,調動廣大農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)群(qun)眾的(de)積極性(xing)和(he)創造(zao)性(xing),使之(zhi)成為農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)的(de)自覺行動,成為農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)群(qun)眾自己想干要(yao)(yao)干的(de)大事(shi),依(yi)靠農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)群(qun)眾的(de)自力更生來(lai)加(jia)以(yi)推進(jin)。三(san)要(yao)(yao)堅(jian)持工(gong)(gong)業反哺農(nong)(nong)(nong)業、城(cheng)市支(zhi)持農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)。加(jia)快調整國民(min)(min)(min)收入分(fen)配格局,把公共(gong)資(zi)金(jin)的(de)投入更多(duo)(duo)地(di)轉向農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun),加(jia)強農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)基礎設施建(jian)設和(he)社會(hui)事(shi)業發展,擴大公共(gong)服務(wu)覆蓋農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)的(de)范圍。如去年(nian)(nian)開(kai)始我省(sheng)全部(bu)免征農(nong)(nong)(nong)業稅,今年(nian)(nian)還將取(qu)消義務(wu)教(jiao)育階段(duan)的(de)學(xue)雜費,這(zhe)些都較好地(di)落實了(le)“多(duo)(duo)予少取(qu)放活”的(de)方針。以(yi)工(gong)(gong)促(cu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)、以(yi)城(cheng)帶鄉(xiang),最終要(yao)(yao)突破城(cheng)鄉(xiang)二元結構,特別是要(yao)(yao)引導農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)有(you)序進(jin)城(cheng)務(wu)工(gong)(gong),公平(ping)善待農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong)(gong),促(cu)進(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)勞動力就近轉移(yi)。

習近平(ping)2006年(nian)1月4日在(zai)浙江省(sheng)海鹽縣開展(zhan)主題調研(yan)宣講活(huo)動(dong)時的講話,選(xuan)自《干在(zai)實處(chu)走在(zai)前列》,中共中央黨校出(chu)版(ban)社,2006年(nian)12月版(ban)

海(hai)鹽具(ju)備了“工業(ye)反哺農(nong)業(ye)、城(cheng)市(shi)支持(chi)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)”的良(liang)好條(tiao)件,建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)社(she)會主義新農(nong)村(cun)(cun)有著現實基礎和(he)較好條(tiao)件。要加快(kuai)(kuai)(kuai)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)現代農(nong)業(ye),重點發(fa)展外向(xiang)型(xing)農(nong)業(ye)、城(cheng)郊型(xing)農(nong)業(ye)、高效生態農(nong)業(ye);要依托產(chan)(chan)業(ye)和(he)區位優勢,加快(kuai)(kuai)(kuai)發(fa)展農(nong)村(cun)(cun)二、三產(chan)(chan)業(ye),推(tui)進小城(cheng)鎮建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she);按照現代化(hua)新農(nong)村(cun)(cun)的要求,加快(kuai)(kuai)(kuai)村(cun)(cun)容環境整治和(he)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she),加強農(nong)村(cun)(cun)公共事業(ye)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she),在(zai)就業(ye)保障、教育文化(hua)、衛生醫療(liao)等方面(mian)加快(kuai)(kuai)(kuai)推(tui)進城(cheng)鄉一體化(hua),為建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)社(she)會主義新農(nong)村(cun)(cun)、樹立農(nong)村(cun)(cun)新形(xing)象當(dang)好樣(yang)板(ban)。

建設(she)社會主義新農村(cun)(cun)需要(yao)(yao)發揮(hui)農村(cun)(cun)黨(dang)組(zu)織的(de)領導核心(xin)和(he)廣大黨(dang)員的(de)先(xian)(xian)(xian)鋒模范(fan)作(zuo)用。海(hai)鹽作(zuo)為發達地區(qu),經濟、社會和(he)群眾思想基礎條件比(bi)較(jiao)好(hao),理應對黨(dang)組(zu)織和(he)黨(dang)員的(de)先(xian)(xian)(xian)進(jin)性(xing)有更高的(de)標準和(he)更嚴(yan)的(de)要(yao)(yao)求(qiu),確保黨(dang)員站(zhan)在(zai)時(shi)代前(qian)列,走在(zai)群眾前(qian)列。先(xian)(xian)(xian)進(jin)性(xing)建設(she)從當前(qian)來說,就是要(yao)(yao)把先(xian)(xian)(xian)進(jin)性(xing)教育(yu)活動(dong)抓(zhua)緊抓(zhua)好(hao)抓(zhua)實(shi),并建立完善保持(chi)先(xian)(xian)(xian)進(jin)性(xing)的(de)長效機(ji)制,在(zai)開展先(xian)(xian)(xian)進(jin)性(xing)教育(yu)活動(dong)上起到(dao)示范(fan)作(zuo)用。

習近(jin)平2006年1月4日在海鹽縣開展(zhan)主(zhu)題調(diao)研宣(xuan)講活動時的(de)講話,選自《干在實(shi)處走在前列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校出版社,2006年12月版

做好新時期(qi)“三農(nong)(nong)”工作(zuo),關鍵在于深刻(ke)理解和創(chuang)造性地貫徹(che)落實中(zhong)央的(de)一(yi)(yi)系列方針政策,從浙(zhe)江(jiang)實際出發,拓展“三農(nong)(nong)”工作(zuo)思路(lu),創(chuang)新“三農(nong)(nong)”工作(zuo)載體,積極探索一(yi)(yi)條(tiao)具(ju)有中(zhong)國特(te)色、時代特(te)征、浙(zhe)江(jiang)特(te)點的(de)“三農(nong)(nong)”科(ke)學(xue)發展之路(lu);根(gen)本在于把握“兩個趨向(xiang)”的(de)轉換(huan)規律,務必做到執政為(wei)民重“三農(nong)(nong)”、以人(ren)為(wei)本謀“三農(nong)(nong)”、統籌(chou)城鄉興“三農(nong)(nong)”、改革開放(fang)促“三農(nong)(nong)”、求真務實抓“三農(nong)(nong)”;其實質就是(shi)科(ke)學(xue)發展強“三農(nong)(nong)”全面建設新農(nong)(nong)村。這是(shi)我省(sheng)“十五”時期(qi)“三農(nong)(nong)”工作(zuo)最重要(yao)的(de)經驗和體會(hui)。

習近平2006年1月(yue)8日在浙江省(sheng)農村工作會議上的(de)講話,選自(zi)《干在實處走在前(qian)列(lie)》,中共(gong)中央(yang)黨校(xiao)出版社,2006年12月(yue)版

堅持以(yi)人(ren)(ren)(ren)為(wei)本(ben)(ben),把增進(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)根本(ben)(ben)利(li)益(yi)(yi)、促進(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)全面發展(zhan)作(zuo)為(wei)“三(san)(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”工作(zuo)的(de)(de)根本(ben)(ben)出(chu)發點和落(luo)腳點。把解決好(hao)(hao)“三(san)(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問題(ti)作(zuo)為(wei)全黨工作(zuo)的(de)(de)重中之(zhi)重,將以(yi)人(ren)(ren)(ren)為(wei)本(ben)(ben)的(de)(de)理念(nian)貫穿于“三(san)(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”工作(zuo)始終,著(zhu)力(li)解決農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)群眾最關心(xin)(xin)、最直接、最現實(shi)的(de)(de)利(li)益(yi)(yi)問題(ti),實(shi)現好(hao)(hao)、維(wei)(wei)護好(hao)(hao)、發展(zhan)好(hao)(hao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)物質利(li)益(yi)(yi)和民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)權利(li),這(zhe)是科學(xue)發展(zhan)強(qiang)“三(san)(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)(de)核心(xin)(xin)內容。這(zhe)幾年(nian)來,我們強(qiang)調(diao)“三(san)(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”工作(zuo)要(yao)以(yi)增加農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)收入,提高(gao)生(sheng)活質量和維(wei)(wei)護農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)權益(yi)(yi)為(wei)中心(xin)(xin),提出(chu)了(le)一(yi)系列全新的(de)(de)決策思(si)路和工作(zuo)載體。在農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)生(sheng)產(chan)上(shang)(shang),實(shi)現從(cong)高(gao)產(chan)到(dao)高(gao)效(xiao)的(de)(de)轉(zhuan)變(bian),進(jin)而(er)強(qiang)調(diao)推(tui)動(dong)效(xiao)益(yi)(yi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)向有強(qiang)大(da)市場競爭力(li)、能持續致富(fu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)高(gao)效(xiao)生(sheng)態(tai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)的(de)(de)躍遷。在農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)上(shang)(shang),從(cong)重視農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)基(ji)礎設(she)施建(jian)設(she)轉(zhuan)到(dao)整(zheng)(zheng)體推(tui)進(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)生(sheng)產(chan)生(sheng)活條件的(de)(de)改善,全面實(shi)施“千村(cun)(cun)示范(fan)、萬村(cun)(cun)整(zheng)(zheng)治”等系列工程(cheng),強(qiang)化農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)公(gong)共服務,使村(cun)(cun)容村(cun)(cun)貌整(zheng)(zheng)潔優美,農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)生(sheng)活質量顯著(zhu)提高(gao)。在農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)勞(lao)(lao)動(dong)就業(ye)上(shang)(shang),從(cong)鼓勵自發轉(zhuan)移轉(zhuan)變(bian)為(wei)注重培(pei)訓轉(zhuan)移,大(da)力(li)實(shi)施“千萬農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)勞(lao)(lao)動(dong)力(li)培(pei)訓”工程(cheng),加快了(le)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)勞(lao)(lao)動(dong)力(li)向二、三(san)(san)(san)產(chan)業(ye)的(de)(de)轉(zhuan)移就業(ye),促進(jin)了(le)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)就業(ye)增收。這(zhe)些政策舉(ju)措無不體現著(zhu)“發展(zhan)為(wei)了(le)人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)、發展(zhan)依靠人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)、發展(zhan)的(de)(de)成(cheng)果由人(ren)(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)共享”的(de)(de)以(yi)人(ren)(ren)(ren)為(wei)本(ben)(ben)的(de)(de)科學(xue)理念(nian)。

習近平2006年(nian)1月8日在浙江(jiang)省(sheng)農(nong)村工作會議(yi)上(shang)的講話,選自《干在實(shi)處(chu)走在前列》,中共中央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年(nian)12月版(ban)

堅持(chi)“多予少取(qu)放活(huo)”,不(bu)斷增強(qiang)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)(de)自我(wo)(wo)(wo)發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)能力(li)(li)。增加“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”投(tou)(tou)入、減(jian)輕農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民負(fu)擔(dan)、創新(xin)發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)模(mo)式,充分調動(dong)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民的(de)(de)積極性、創造性,不(bu)斷提升農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)綜合(he)生(sheng)產(chan)能力(li)(li)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民創業(ye)(ye)(ye)致(zhi)富(fu)能力(li)(li)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)可持(chi)續發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)能力(li)(li),這是(shi)科學發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)強(qiang)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)(de)基礎條件。從(cong)2002年(nian)開始(shi),我(wo)(wo)(wo)省在農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)稅(shui)(shui)(shui)費改革上(shang)(shang)積極探(tan)索(suo)從(cong)根本上(shang)(shang)減(jian)輕農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民負(fu)擔(dan)的(de)(de)途徑,在欠(qian)發(fa)達地(di)(di)區率先取(qu)消屠宰稅(shui)(shui)(shui)、特產(chan)稅(shui)(shui)(shui)、停征農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)稅(shui)(shui)(shui),開啟了(le)(le)中國免征農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)稅(shui)(shui)(shui)的(de)(de)先河,到2005年(nian)全(quan)省全(quan)面(mian)(mian)免征農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)稅(shui)(shui)(shui),從(cong)制(zhi)度層(ceng)面(mian)(mian)做到了(le)(le)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)稅(shui)(shui)(shui)費零(ling)負(fu)擔(dan)。我(wo)(wo)(wo)省在2002年(nian)取(qu)消農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)集資的(de)(de)基礎上(shang)(shang),今年(nian)還將對全(quan)省城鄉(xiang)義(yi)務(wu)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)階段學生(sheng)免除(chu)學雜費,對困難家庭子女實(shi)(shi)行課(ke)本費免收、食(shi)宿費補(bu)助(zhu),在全(quan)國率先實(shi)(shi)現(xian)真正意義(yi)上(shang)(shang)的(de)(de)義(yi)務(wu)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)。這幾年(nian),我(wo)(wo)(wo)們(men)實(shi)(shi)現(xian)了(le)(le)糧食(shi)生(sheng)產(chan)直補(bu)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)機(ji)具補(bu)貼、產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)化扶(fu)持(chi),開通了(le)(le)鮮活(huo)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品運輸“綠色通道”,并在村(cun)莊整治建設、勞動(dong)力(li)(li)培訓以及農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)社會事業(ye)(ye)(ye)和社會保障等(deng)各方面(mian)(mian),全(quan)方位、大(da)幅(fu)度地(di)(di)增加了(le)(le)對“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)(de)財(cai)政(zheng)(zheng)投(tou)(tou)入。不(bu)斷加大(da)對欠(qian)發(fa)達地(di)(di)區財(cai)政(zheng)(zheng)轉移支(zhi)付(fu)力(li)(li)度,探(tan)索(suo)建立生(sheng)態補(bu)償(chang)機(ji)制(zhi)。我(wo)(wo)(wo)們(men)堅持(chi)以深化改革來(lai)不(bu)斷激發(fa)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)活(huo)力(li)(li),加快(kuai)政(zheng)(zheng)府職(zhi)能轉變,賦予強(qiang)縣(xian)強(qiang)鎮(zhen)更大(da)的(de)(de)管理權(quan)限,強(qiang)化縣(xian)域經(jing)濟發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)優勢(shi)。我(wo)(wo)(wo)們(men)全(quan)面(mian)(mian)推(tui)(tui)進糧食(shi)購銷市場化改革,把農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)生(sheng)產(chan)經(jing)營自主(zhu)權(quan)真正交給農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民,鼓勵農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民進城務(wu)工經(jing)商創業(ye)(ye)(ye)致(zhi)富(fu),推(tui)(tui)動(dong)民營經(jing)濟實(shi)(shi)現(xian)新(xin)飛躍。實(shi)(shi)踐(jian)說明,“多予少取(qu)放活(huo)”的(de)(de)力(li)(li)度越大(da),“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)生(sheng)機(ji)活(huo)力(li)(li)就越強(qiang)。

習近平2006年1月8日(ri)在浙江省農村工(gong)作會議上的講話,選(xuan)自《干在實(shi)處走在前列(lie)》,中共中央黨校出版(ban)社(she),2006年12月版(ban)

堅持以(yi)工促農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)、以(yi)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)帶鄉(xiang),形(xing)成城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)互(hu)促、共同(tong)繁榮的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)格局。一(yi)手(shou)抓工業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)、城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)、市(shi)(shi)場化(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)健(jian)康推進(jin),一(yi)手(shou)抓統(tong)籌城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),充分發(fa)(fa)揮“三(san)(san)化(hua)(hua)(hua)”對“三(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)帶動(dong)(dong)(dong)作用,推進(jin)社會主義新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村建設(she),這是科學發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)強(qiang)“三(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)戰略途(tu)徑。這幾年(nian),我們從(cong)浙江已全面進(jin)入以(yi)工促農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)、以(yi)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)帶鄉(xiang)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)新(xin)(xin)(xin)階段的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)實(shi)際出發(fa)(fa),大力(li)(li)(li)實(shi)施統(tong)籌城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)方略,加(jia)快先(xian)(xian)進(jin)制造業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)地建設(she)和(he)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)進(jin)程,使中心(xin)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)、中心(xin)鎮和(he)塊狀特色經濟的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)壯大帶動(dong)(dong)(dong)了產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)人口的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)集聚,全省(sheng)三(san)(san)分之二的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村勞(lao)動(dong)(dong)(dong)力(li)(li)(li)轉移到(dao)二、三(san)(san)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)就業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),成為推動(dong)(dong)(dong)工業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)、城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)生力(li)(li)(li)軍(jun);以(yi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)型工業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)來帶動(dong)(dong)(dong)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua),以(yi)現(xian)代(dai)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)理念經營(ying)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),以(yi)先(xian)(xian)進(jin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)裝備設(she)施來武裝農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),以(yi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品加(jia)工流通的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)龍頭企業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)來帶動(dong)(dong)(dong)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),積極鼓勵和(he)引導工商企業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)特別(bie)是民(min)營(ying)企業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)投資(zi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),這幾年(nian)工商企業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)投資(zi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)每年(nian)超過120億(yi)元,形(xing)成了一(yi)大批農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)龍頭企業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye);積極調整國(guo)民(min)收入分配格局,加(jia)大公共財政向(xiang)(xiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村傾(qing)斜,加(jia)快城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)基(ji)礎設(she)施向(xiang)(xiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村延伸,加(jia)速公共服(fu)務向(xiang)(xiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村覆蓋,形(xing)成了城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)互(hu)動(dong)(dong)(dong)互(hu)促的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)機制,有力(li)(li)(li)促進(jin)了城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)一(yi)體化(hua)(hua)(hua)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)。實(shi)踐表(biao)明,工業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)、城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)和(he)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)互(hu)促共進(jin),才是科學發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)強(qiang)“三(san)(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)真諦。

習近平2006年(nian)1月(yue)8日(ri)在浙江省農村工(gong)作會議上的(de)講話,選自《干在實處走在前列(lie)》,中共中央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年(nian)12月(yue)版(ban)

堅持經濟(ji)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)協調(diao)發展(zhan),努(nu)力(li)構建(jian)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)和(he)諧(xie)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)。改變(bian)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)發展(zhan)滯(zhi)后(hou)于經濟(ji)發展(zhan)的(de)(de)狀況(kuang),注重(zhong)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)公平,維護農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)權益,充分發揮社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)進(jin)(jin)步對生產力(li)的(de)(de)促進(jin)(jin)作(zuo)用(yong),營造(zao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)經濟(ji)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)和(he)諧(xie)發展(zhan)的(de)(de)環境(jing),這是(shi)科(ke)學(xue)發展(zhan)強(qiang)“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)(de)關鍵之舉(ju)。近年來,我省在加(jia)快(kuai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)經濟(ji)發展(zhan)的(de)(de)同時,十分重(zhong)視農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)事業(ye)的(de)(de)發展(zhan)和(he)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)保障(zhang)(zhang)體(ti)系的(de)(de)建(jian)設(she),把它作(zuo)為公共財(cai)政投(tou)入的(de)(de)重(zhong)點,大力(li)發展(zhan)教育、科(ke)技、文化(hua)、衛生、體(ti)育等社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)事業(ye),積極(ji)推(tui)進(jin)(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)基(ji)層的(de)(de)精神文明(ming)創建(jian)活(huo)動(dong)和(he)文化(hua)陣地(di)建(jian)設(she),著力(li)解(jie)決農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)上學(xue)難、看病難和(he)文化(hua)生活(huo)貧乏等問(wen)題。建(jian)立和(he)完善(shan)以(yi)失地(di)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)基(ji)本(ben)生活(huo)保障(zhang)(zhang)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)最低生活(huo)保障(zhang)(zhang)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)新(xin)型合作(zuo)醫療、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)孤寡老人集中供養(yang)和(he)困難家(jia)庭子女免費上學(xue)等農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)保障(zhang)(zhang)和(he)救助體(ti)系。我們(men)還十分重(zhong)視推(tui)進(jin)(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)基(ji)層民(min)主政治建(jian)設(she),加(jia)強(qiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)建(jian)設(she)和(he)管理,制定了加(jia)強(qiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)工服務和(he)管理的(de)(de)文件,注重(zhong)群眾信訪工作(zuo),及時化(hua)解(jie)各類矛(mao)盾。這些綜合舉(ju)措,有效地(di)改變(bian)了農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)社(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)(hui)發展(zhan)滯(zhi)后(hou)的(de)(de)狀況(kuang),促進(jin)(jin)了農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)和(he)諧(xie)穩(wen)定。

習近平(ping)2006年(nian)1月8日在浙江省農(nong)村工作(zuo)會議上的講話,選自《干在實處走在前列》,中共(gong)中央(yang)黨校出版社,2006年(nian)12月版

堅持深化(hua)市場取(qu)向的(de)(de)改(gai)革,提供有(you)利于“三(san)農(nong)(nong)”又(you)快(kuai)又(you)好發(fa)展的(de)(de)體制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)機制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)保(bao)障(zhang)。著眼于突破城鄉(xiang)二元結構(gou),消除影(ying)響和束縛“三(san)農(nong)(nong)”發(fa)展的(de)(de)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度障(zhang)礙,形成(cheng)讓農(nong)(nong)村資源要素優化(hua)配(pei)置、農(nong)(nong)村經濟增(zeng)長(chang)方(fang)式加快(kuai)轉(zhuan)變、農(nong)(nong)村財富源泉(quan)充分涌流(liu)的(de)(de)發(fa)展體制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)和機制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),這是科(ke)學發(fa)展強(qiang)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)”的(de)(de)動(dong)力源泉(quan)。我(wo)們(men)在完善農(nong)(nong)業(ye)基(ji)本經營制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度的(de)(de)基(ji)礎上,鼓勵土地(di)(di)使用(yong)權依法、自愿、有(you)償流(liu)轉(zhuan),促進農(nong)(nong)業(ye)規模經營;積極推(tui)進征地(di)(di)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度改(gai)革,實行區片綜(zong)合(he)價,逐步(bu)提高對農(nong)(nong)民的(de)(de)補償標準;因地(di)(di)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)宜地(di)(di)開展社區股份合(he)作制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)改(gai)革,探索(suo)集體資產保(bao)值增(zeng)值的(de)(de)新路子;進行農(nong)(nong)村綜(zong)合(he)改(gai)革試點(dian),加快(kuai)轉(zhuan)變鄉(xiang)鎮政(zheng)府職能;不斷深化(hua)農(nong)(nong)村金融改(gai)革,積極探索(suo)建立農(nong)(nong)業(ye)政(zheng)策性保(bao)險。這些改(gai)革的(de)(de)推(tui)進,為“三(san)農(nong)(nong)”發(fa)展創(chuang)造(zao)了(le)有(you)利的(de)(de)條件。

習近平(ping)2006年1月8日在(zai)(zai)浙(zhe)江省(sheng)農村工作會議(yi)上的講話,選(xuan)自《干在(zai)(zai)實處走在(zai)(zai)前列》,中(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)央黨校出版(ban)社(she),2006年12月版(ban)

堅持一切從實際(ji)出(chu)發(fa)(fa),不斷(duan)創新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)思路(lu)和(he)方(fang)法(fa)。把(ba)(ba)解(jie)放(fang)思想、實事(shi)求是、與(yu)時俱進的(de)(de)(de)(de)思想路(lu)線貫(guan)徹(che)到“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)之(zhi)中,準(zhun)確把(ba)(ba)握“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)趨(qu)勢,積極探索“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)規(gui)律(lv),精(jing)心設計“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)載(zai)體,不斷(duan)開拓“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)局面,這是科(ke)學發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)強(qiang)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)必(bi)然要求。這幾年(nian),我們注重把(ba)(ba)中央(yang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)精(jing)神與(yu)浙江的(de)(de)(de)(de)實際(ji)結合起來,創造(zao)性地(di)開展(zhan)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo);注重把(ba)(ba)握區域發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)不均(jun)衡的(de)(de)(de)(de)實際(ji),走(zou)差異性競爭(zheng)、跨越式發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)之(zhi)路(lu);注重把(ba)(ba)創新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)性的(de)(de)(de)(de)戰(zhan)略思路(lu)轉化為(wei)具體的(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)載(zai)體和(he)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)抓(zhua)手,推出(chu)了統籌城鄉發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)系列工(gong)(gong)程;注重把(ba)(ba)基層群(qun)眾創造(zao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)做(zuo)法(fa)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)經驗提煉為(wei)指導面上工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)思路(lu)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)方(fang)法(fa),不斷(duan)豐富“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)內涵,提高“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)水(shui)平,努力使“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)走(zou)在前(qian)列。

習近平2006年1月8日(ri)在(zai)浙江省農(nong)村工作(zuo)會議上的講話,選(xuan)自《干(gan)在(zai)實處走在(zai)前(qian)列》,中共中央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年12月版(ban)

建(jian)設社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)是一個全面的(de)(de)(de)(de)目(mu)標,絕(jue)不(bu)單純(chun)是搞新(xin)(xin)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)設,而是包(bao)含(han)了農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)經濟建(jian)設、政治(zhi)建(jian)設、文化建(jian)設、社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)建(jian)設和黨的(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)設,具(ju)(ju)有鮮明(ming)的(de)(de)(de)(de)時代特征。概括地(di)講(jiang),社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)設就是要(yao)建(jian)設全面小康社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)發(fa)展(zhan)水(shui)準、城(cheng)鄉一體(ti)化發(fa)展(zhan)趨勢和社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義本質特征的(de)(de)(de)(de)繁(fan)榮(rong)、富裕、民(min)主(zhu)、文明(ming)、和諧的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)。從浙江來講(jiang),就是要(yao)通過推(tui)動產業新(xin)(xin)發(fa)展(zhan)、建(jian)設新(xin)(xin)社(she)(she)(she)(she)區、培育新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)、樹立新(xin)(xin)風尚、構建(jian)新(xin)(xin)體(ti)制,全面推(tui)進社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)設,達到“三改(gai)一化”的(de)(de)(de)(de)目(mu)標,即把傳(chuan)統農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業改(gai)造建(jian)設成為具(ju)(ju)有持(chi)久市場競爭力(li)和能持(chi)續致(zhi)富農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)高效(xiao)生態農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業;把傳(chuan)統村(cun)(cun)落改(gai)造建(jian)設成為讓農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)也能過上現代文明(ming)生活的(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)新(xin)(xin)社(she)(she)(she)(she)區;把傳(chuan)統農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)改(gai)造培育成為能適應(ying)分工(gong)分業發(fa)展(zhan)要(yao)求的(de)(de)(de)(de)有文化、懂技術、會(hui)(hui)經營、高素質的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)型農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min),形(xing)成城(cheng)鄉互促、共(gong)同繁(fan)榮(rong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)城(cheng)鄉一體(ti)化發(fa)展(zhan)新(xin)(xin)格局。

習近(jin)平(ping)2006年(nian)1月(yue)8日在浙江省農村工(gong)作會議上(shang)的講(jiang)話,選自(zi)《干在實處走在前列》,中共(gong)中央黨校出版(ban)社(she),2006年(nian)12月(yue)版(ban)

農業與(yu)二(er)、三產業、城市與(yu)農村(cun)存在(zai)著非常(chang)緊密的依存關系(xi)(xi)。工農關系(xi)(xi)、城鄉關系(xi)(xi)始(shi)終(zhong)是(shi)現代(dai)化(hua)建(jian)設進程中必須處理好而又(you)容易出偏差的一個(ge)具有全局意義的問題。建(jian)設社會主義新農村(cun),必須一手抓工業化(hua)、城市化(hua)、市場化(hua)的健(jian)康推(tui)進,一手抓統籌城鄉發(fa)展,充分(fen)發(fa)揮“三化(hua)”對“三農”的帶動(dong)作用。

習(xi)近平: 《“三化”帶“三農”,城鄉共繁榮》(2006年1月(yue)23日),選自《之(zhi)江新語》,浙江人(ren)民出(chu)版社,2007年8月(yue)版

普(pu)法(fa)(fa)在(zai)機關和城市社區(qu)相對比(bi)較(jiao)容(rong)易,難點(dian)在(zai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)。經過近四個(ge)五年計劃的(de)(de)普(pu)法(fa)(fa)教育,各方面(mian)人員的(de)(de)法(fa)(fa)律素質有(you)(you)(you)了很大的(de)(de)提(ti)高,但由于長期以來受城鄉二(er)元結構和農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)經濟社會發(fa)展(zhan)相對落后(hou)的(de)(de)影響,農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)法(fa)(fa)制(zhi)(zhi)教育工作(zuo)比(bi)較(jiao)滯(zhi)后(hou),農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)群眾的(de)(de)法(fa)(fa)律觀念比(bi)較(jiao)淡薄,一些基(ji)層干部依(yi)法(fa)(fa)行政意識不強(qiang),涉及農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)立法(fa)(fa)工作(zuo)也比(bi)較(jiao)薄弱,以致(zhi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)有(you)(you)(you)法(fa)(fa)不依(yi)、執(zhi)法(fa)(fa)不嚴、損(sun)害群眾利益(yi)的(de)(de)現象時(shi)有(you)(you)(you)發(fa)生,農(nong)(nong)(nong)民群眾運用法(fa)(fa)律武(wu)器(qi)維護自己合法(fa)(fa)權(quan)益(yi)的(de)(de)能力也比(bi)較(jiao)弱。為此,我(wo)們必須把農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)作(zuo)為法(fa)(fa)制(zhi)(zhi)宣(xuan)傳教育的(de)(de)重(zhong)點(dian)。要從(cong)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)特(te)點(dian)出發(fa),創新載體,擴大覆蓋,注重(zhong)針對性和有(you)(you)(you)效性,切實抓好法(fa)(fa)制(zhi)(zhi)教育。農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)法(fa)(fa)制(zhi)(zhi)宣(xuan)傳教育要面(mian)向一切有(you)(you)(you)接受教育能力的(de)(de)公民,重(zhong)點(dian)是(shi)村(cun)干部,增(zeng)強(qiang)基(ji)層干部學(xue)法(fa)(fa)、知法(fa)(fa)、守法(fa)(fa)、用法(fa)(fa)、護法(fa)(fa)的(de)(de)自覺性。

習近平2006年(nian)2月8日在(zai)浙(zhe)江省杭州市余杭區調研(yan)時(shi)的講(jiang)話,選自《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列》,中共中央黨校出(chu)版(ban)社,2006年(nian)12月版(ban)

農村法(fa)(fa)制(zhi)宣(xuan)傳(chuan)教(jiao)育(yu)重在培育(yu)法(fa)(fa)治(zhi)觀(guan)念。農村基層(ceng)法(fa)(fa)制(zhi)宣(xuan)傳(chuan)教(jiao)育(yu),與(yu)機(ji)關、事業、企(qi)業和學校相比有很(hen)大的(de)不(bu)同。農村群(qun)眾的(de)思想意識(shi)、文化素質(zhi)參差不(bu)齊(qi),面廣量大、組織分散。對(dui)于農村的(de)普通群(qun)眾來說(shuo),普及法(fa)(fa)律(lv)知識(shi)畢竟是有限的(de),他們(men)不(bu)可能像專業人(ren)士或者(zhe)機(ji)關干部那樣掌(zhang)握很(hen)多的(de)法(fa)(fa)律(lv)知識(shi),更為重要的(de)是要使廣大農民(min)群(qun)眾樹立起(qi)法(fa)(fa)治(zhi)觀(guan)念。

習近(jin)平2006年(nian)(nian)2月8日在浙(zhe)江省杭州市余杭區調研時的講話,選自(zi)《干在實(shi)處走在前列》,中共中央(yang)黨校出版社(she),2006年(nian)(nian)12月版

實行(xing)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)購銷體(ti)制改革是(shi)根據浙江(jiang)實際經中央(yang)批準而作(zuo)出的(de)一項重大(da)決策。這一改革舉措實施(shi)以來,我們(men)不僅沒有(you)放松(song)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)生產(chan),而且糧(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)綜(zong)合(he)生產(chan)能力有(you)了(le)明顯提(ti)高,政府(fu)對糧(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)的(de)調(diao)控(kong)(kong)能力也(ye)大(da)大(da)提(ti)高。關鍵(jian)是(shi)建(jian)(jian)立健全(quan)了(le)政府(fu)調(diao)控(kong)(kong)與(yu)市(shi)場調(diao)節相結(jie)合(he)的(de)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)安(an)(an)全(quan)保(bao)(bao)障機制,加強(qiang)了(le)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)生產(chan)、流(liu)通、儲備、調(diao)控(kong)(kong)的(de)體(ti)系建(jian)(jian)設,做到“產(chan)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)千(qian)田(tian)”“購糧(liang)(liang)(liang)千(qian)市(shi)”“儲糧(liang)(liang)(liang)千(qian)庫”“穩(wen)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)安(an)(an)民”。“產(chan)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)千(qian)田(tian)”,就(jiu)是(shi)保(bao)(bao)持(chi)(chi)(chi)既定(ding)的(de)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)綜(zong)合(he)生產(chan)能力和(he)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)產(chan)量;“購糧(liang)(liang)(liang)于市(shi)”,就(jiu)是(shi)建(jian)(jian)立長期穩(wen)定(ding)的(de)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)供應基地,搞活(huo)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)流(liu)通,規范糧(liang)(liang)(liang)行(xing)米市(shi);“儲糧(liang)(liang)(liang)千(qian)庫”,就(jiu)是(shi)保(bao)(bao)持(chi)(chi)(chi)既定(ding)的(de)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)安(an)(an)全(quan)庫存量;“穩(wen)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)安(an)(an)民”,就(jiu)是(shi)保(bao)(bao)持(chi)(chi)(chi)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)市(shi)穩(wen)定(ding)、糧(liang)(liang)(liang)價穩(wen)定(ding),確保(bao)(bao)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)供給安(an)(an)全(quan)。

習近平(ping)2006年3月(yue)5日(ri)在(zai)接受中(zhong)央(yang)人民廣播電臺“兩會”特別節目“做(zuo)客中(zhong)央(yang)臺”訪談時的講(jiang)話,選(xuan)自《干在(zai)實(shi)處走在(zai)前(qian)列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央(yang)黨(dang)校(xiao)出(chu)版社,2006年

建設社會主義(yi)(yi)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村,既堅(jian)持了(le)我(wo)們黨(dang)(dang)(dang)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)視“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)(de)一貫戰(zhan)略思(si)想(xiang),又深刻回答了(le)如(ru)何(he)在(zai)新(xin)的(de)(de)歷史(shi)階段把解決(jue)好“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問(wen)(wen)題(ti)作為(wei)全(quan)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)工作重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)之(zhi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)這一重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)大命題(ti)。馬克(ke)思(si)主義(yi)(yi)經典作家(jia)們都對(dui)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問(wen)(wen)題(ti)作過重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)論述。我(wo)國(guo)是一個農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村人(ren)口占絕大多(duo)(duo)數的(de)(de)國(guo)家(jia),重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)視農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民問(wen)(wen)題(ti)是中(zhong)國(guo)共產黨(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)一貫戰(zhan)略思(si)想(xiang)。黨(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)三(san)代領(ling)導人(ren)都為(wei)解決(jue)好“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問(wen)(wen)題(ti)作出(chu)了(le)艱辛(xin)探(tan)索,傾(qing)注了(le)大量心血。我(wo)黨(dang)(dang)(dang)80多(duo)(duo)年的(de)(de)歷史(shi)證明,“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問(wen)(wen)題(ti)始終(zhong)是關系黨(dang)(dang)(dang)和人(ren)民事業發展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)全(quan)局性(xing)和根本性(xing)問(wen)(wen)題(ti)。在(zai)不(bu)同時期,正(zheng)確認識“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問(wen)(wen)題(ti)并制定正(zheng)確的(de)(de)政策,是黨(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)事業順利發展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)決(jue)定性(xing)因(yin)素(su),反之(zhi)我(wo)們的(de)(de)事業就會受到(dao)挫折。

習近(jin)平2006年3月23日在(zai)浙江省委(wei)建設社(she)會(hui)主義新農村專題學習會(hui)上的講話,選自《干在(zai)實處走(zou)在(zai)前列》,中共中央黨校出版社(she),2006年12月版

建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),既(ji)是(shi)(shi)順利(li)推進(jin)(jin)現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)的(de)(de)(de)必(bi)然(ran)(ran)(ran)要(yao)求(qiu)(qiu),又已經(jing)具備了良好(hao)(hao)的(de)(de)(de)基礎和條(tiao)件。我(wo)(wo)(wo)們一(yi)(yi)定要(yao)清(qing)醒地認識到(dao): 從我(wo)(wo)(wo)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設的(de)(de)(de)階(jie)段(duan)看,建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)是(shi)(shi)適應(ying)經(jing)濟(ji)社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)新(xin)(xin)階(jie)段(duan)的(de)(de)(de)必(bi)然(ran)(ran)(ran)要(yao)求(qiu)(qiu)。我(wo)(wo)(wo)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)正處(chu)(chu)在(zai)人(ren)均GDP由1000美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)向3000美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)過渡(du)時期(qi)。國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)際(ji)經(jing)驗(yan)表明,這一(yi)(yi)時期(qi)是(shi)(shi)城鄉(xiang)(xiang)關(guan)(guan)(guan)系(xi)、工農(nong)(nong)(nong)關(guan)(guan)(guan)系(xi)變化(hua)最為深刻的(de)(de)(de)時期(qi),處(chu)(chu)理(li)得好(hao)(hao),城鄉(xiang)(xiang)協調發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)和諧(xie)穩定,較快(kuai)地進(jin)(jin)入現(xian)代(dai)化(hua);處(chu)(chu)理(li)不(bu)好(hao)(hao),城鄉(xiang)(xiang)差距拉(la)大(da)(da)(da),社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)矛盾突出,就(jiu)會(hui)(hui)(hui)嚴重阻礙現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)進(jin)(jin)程。建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),是(shi)(shi)我(wo)(wo)(wo)們黨在(zai)汲取國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)外(wai)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)成敗經(jing)驗(yan)教訓的(de)(de)(de)基礎上(shang),著眼于(yu)順利(li)推進(jin)(jin)我(wo)(wo)(wo)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)進(jin)(jin)程而提出來(lai)的(de)(de)(de)。我(wo)(wo)(wo)省在(zai)統籌城鄉(xiang)(xiang)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)方面比(bi)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)早走一(yi)(yi)步,也是(shi)(shi)因為我(wo)(wo)(wo)省的(de)(de)(de)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)比(bi)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)早進(jin)(jin)入這一(yi)(yi)階(jie)段(duan)。現(xian)在(zai),我(wo)(wo)(wo)省人(ren)均GDP已超過3000美(mei)(mei)元(yuan),我(wo)(wo)(wo)們更應(ying)自(zi)覺地處(chu)(chu)理(li)好(hao)(hao)工農(nong)(nong)(nong)、城鄉(xiang)(xiang)關(guan)(guan)(guan)系(xi)。從目前農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)狀況看,建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)是(shi)(shi)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)面建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設小(xiao)康社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)的(de)(de)(de)必(bi)然(ran)(ran)(ran)要(yao)求(qiu)(qiu)。這幾年來(lai),城市(shi)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)很快(kuai),實(shi)現(xian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)面建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設小(xiao)康社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)的(de)(de)(de)目標沒(mei)有懸念,但農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)滯后,實(shi)現(xian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)面建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設小(xiao)康社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)的(de)(de)(de)目標任務艱(jian)巨。沒(mei)有農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)的(de)(de)(de)小(xiao)康就(jiu)沒(mei)有全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)人(ren)民(min)的(de)(de)(de)小(xiao)康。農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)是(shi)(shi)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)面建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設小(xiao)康社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)的(de)(de)(de)重中(zhong)之重、難中(zhong)之難、急中(zhong)之急。農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)長(chang)(chang)期(qi)落后還會(hui)(hui)(hui)導致農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)生存壓(ya)力(li)加大(da)(da)(da)、生活得不(bu)到(dao)改善(shan)、心態失衡,這是(shi)(shi)誘發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)動蕩不(bu)安(an)的(de)(de)(de)重大(da)(da)(da)隱(yin)患。所(suo)以,建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)是(shi)(shi)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)面建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設小(xiao)康社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)、構建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義和諧(xie)社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)的(de)(de)(de)重大(da)(da)(da)舉措。從我(wo)(wo)(wo)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)選擇的(de)(de)(de)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)道(dao)路上(shang)看,建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),是(shi)(shi)我(wo)(wo)(wo)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)堅持(chi)走和平發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)之路、實(shi)現(xian)民(min)族(zu)偉(wei)大(da)(da)(da)復興(xing)的(de)(de)(de)必(bi)然(ran)(ran)(ran)要(yao)求(qiu)(qiu)。實(shi)現(xian)中(zhong)華民(min)族(zu)偉(wei)大(da)(da)(da)復興(xing),既(ji)要(yao)堅持(chi)擴大(da)(da)(da)對外(wai)開放,更要(yao)依(yi)靠自(zi)己的(de)(de)(de)力(li)量。在(zai)我(wo)(wo)(wo)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)這樣(yang)大(da)(da)(da)的(de)(de)(de)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)里,擴大(da)(da)(da)內需是(shi)(shi)應(ying)對復雜多(duo)變的(de)(de)(de)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)際(ji)局勢、確(que)保經(jing)濟(ji)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)的(de)(de)(de)根本措施。農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)蘊(yun)藏著巨大(da)(da)(da)的(de)(de)(de)需求(qiu)(qiu)潛力(li),只(zhi)要(yao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)經(jing)濟(ji)能(neng)夠持(chi)續(xu)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)收入能(neng)夠持(chi)續(xu)增(zeng)長(chang)(chang),中(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)就(jiu)不(bu)愁發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)空間。所(suo)以,建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)絕不(bu)僅僅是(shi)(shi)為了農(nong)(nong)(nong)業、農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)富(fu)裕(yu),而是(shi)(shi)關(guan)(guan)(guan)系(xi)到(dao)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)長(chang)(chang)治(zhi)久安(an)和民(min)族(zu)偉(wei)大(da)(da)(da)復興(xing)的(de)(de)(de)重大(da)(da)(da)戰略部署(shu),這是(shi)(shi)一(yi)(yi)招“活棋(qi)”,這步棋(qi)走好(hao)(hao)了,就(jiu)能(neng)夠帶動內需和消費。

習近(jin)平2006年3月23日在(zai)浙江(jiang)省委建設社會(hui)主義新(xin)農村專題學習會(hui)上的(de)講(jiang)話,選自《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列》,中共中央黨(dang)校出版社,2006年12月版

建(jian)設社會主義(yi)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)村,就是(shi)要(yao)通過(guo)統籌城鄉發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),實現工業與農(nong)(nong)業、城市與農(nong)(nong)村協調發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),讓(rang)占(zhan)人口大多數的(de)農(nong)(nong)民(min)群眾平等地共享發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)成果,提高廣大農(nong)(nong)民(min)的(de)生(sheng)活水平和質量,促進農(nong)(nong)民(min)的(de)全(quan)面發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),走生(sheng)產發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)、生(sheng)態良好、生(sheng)活富裕(yu)的(de)文明發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)道路。

習(xi)近平2006年3月(yue)(yue)23日在浙(zhe)江省(sheng)委(wei)建設(she)社會(hui)主義新農(nong)村專題學習(xi)會(hui)上的講話,選自(zi)《干在實處(chu)走在前(qian)列》,中共中央黨校出版社,2006年12月(yue)(yue)版

建(jian)設(she)社(she)(she)(she)會(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)村(cun),既是(shi)當前(qian)一項十分緊迫(po)的(de)(de)(de)工作(zuo)(zuo),又是(shi)一項長期的(de)(de)(de)歷史任務。我國(guo)城鄉經濟社(she)(she)(she)會(hui)發展的(de)(de)(de)明顯反(fan)差,凸現(xian)(xian)出(chu)建(jian)設(she)社(she)(she)(she)會(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)(de)緊迫(po)性。我們要把進一步謀劃(hua)和落實(shi)(shi)好(hao)(hao)建(jian)設(she)社(she)(she)(she)會(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)(de)各項工作(zuo)(zuo)作(zuo)(zuo)為當前(qian)重(zhong)中之重(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)工作(zuo)(zuo),從農(nong)民群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)最(zui)關心的(de)(de)(de)實(shi)(shi)際問題入(ru)手,把解決(jue)農(nong)民群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)最(zui)直接、最(zui)現(xian)(xian)實(shi)(shi)的(de)(de)(de)利益作(zuo)(zuo)為建(jian)設(she)社(she)(she)(she)會(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)(de)切入(ru)點和著力點,努力為建(jian)設(she)社(she)(she)(she)會(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義(yi)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)村(cun)開(kai)好(hao)(hao)局、起好(hao)(hao)步。

習(xi)近平2006年3月(yue)23日(ri)在浙江省委(wei)建設(she)社會(hui)主義新農村專題學習(xi)會(hui)上(shang)的講話,選自(zi)《干在實處走在前列》,中共中央黨校出版社,2006年12月(yue)版

建(jian)設(she)(she)社會主義新(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)是一(yi)個(ge)歷史的(de)(de)過(guo)程。由于改(gai)變農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)落后(hou)面(mian)貌(mao),使農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)發展跟上工業(ye)化(hua)、城市化(hua)步伐是一(yi)個(ge)長(chang)期的(de)(de)過(guo)程,這(zhe)就決定了建(jian)設(she)(she)社會主義新(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)也是一(yi)個(ge)長(chang)期過(guo)程,需(xu)要(yao)隨著經(jing)濟、政治、文化(hua)、社會建(jian)設(she)(she)的(de)(de)推進而不斷推進,是一(yi)個(ge)與現代化(hua)建(jian)設(she)(she)同步推進的(de)(de)歷史過(guo)程,貫穿于建(jian)設(she)(she)中國(guo)特(te)色社會主義事業(ye)的(de)(de)全過(guo)程。

習近平(ping)2006年(nian)3月23日在(zai)(zai)浙(zhe)江(jiang)省委(wei)建(jian)設(she)社會主義新(xin)農村專題學(xue)習會上的(de)講(jiang)話(hua),選自《干在(zai)(zai)實(shi)處(chu)走在(zai)(zai)前列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年(nian)12月版(ban)

我們(men)一定要充分認識到建設社會(hui)主義新農(nong)村的長(chang)期性、艱巨性、復(fu)雜性,抓緊(jin)從現在做起,立足(zu)當前,著眼長(chang)遠,樹立長(chang)期作戰的思想(xiang),堅持不(bu)懈地推進(jin)新農(nong)村建設。

習近平2006年3月23日在(zai)浙(zhe)江省委建設社會主義(yi)新農村專題學習會上的(de)講話,選自《干(gan)在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列》,中共中央黨(dang)校出版(ban)社,2006年12月版(ban)

建(jian)設社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)農村(cun)(cun)(cun),既要堅(jian)持以經濟建(jian)設為(wei)(wei)中(zhong)心,又要促進農村(cun)(cun)(cun)經濟社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)全面協調(diao)可持續發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)。中(zhong)央提出的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)設社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)“五句話20個字”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)總要求,涵(han)蓋(gai)了經濟、政治、文化、社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)建(jian)設的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)全部內容,是一個相互(hu)聯系(xi)、相互(hu)依(yi)存、相互(hu)作用的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)有機整體: 生(sheng)(sheng)產發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)為(wei)(wei)新(xin)(xin)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)各(ge)方(fang)面的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)提供物質條件(jian),生(sheng)(sheng)活寬裕(yu)是新(xin)(xin)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)各(ge)方(fang)面發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)最終目的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),鄉(xiang)風文明(ming)為(wei)(wei)新(xin)(xin)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)各(ge)方(fang)面發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)提供支持,村(cun)(cun)(cun)容整潔為(wei)(wei)新(xin)(xin)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)各(ge)方(fang)面發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)提供良(liang)好(hao)環境,管(guan)理民主(zhu)為(wei)(wei)新(xin)(xin)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)各(ge)方(fang)面發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)提供政治保(bao)障。建(jian)設社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)農村(cun)(cun)(cun),必須(xu)堅(jian)持以發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)經濟為(wei)(wei)中(zhong)心,把進一步解放和發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)生(sheng)(sheng)產力放在首位,不(bu)斷(duan)增(zeng)強(qiang)農業的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)競爭(zheng)力、農村(cun)(cun)(cun)經濟的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)實(shi)力和農民增(zeng)收(shou)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)能力。

習(xi)近(jin)平2006年3月23日在浙江省委(wei)建設社會主義新(xin)農村專題(ti)學習(xi)會上的講話,選自《干在實(shi)處走(zou)在前列》,中共(gong)中央黨校(xiao)出(chu)版社,2006年12月版

建(jian)設(she)社會主(zhu)(zhu)義新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)是(shi)一(yi)(yi)項(xiang)前(qian)(qian)無古(gu)人(ren)的(de)(de)宏大(da)的(de)(de)社會系統(tong)工程,既涉及經濟(ji)基礎,又涉及上層建(jian)筑,內涵十(shi)分豐(feng)富,工作(zuo)千頭萬緒,對農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)來(lai)(lai)說,是(shi)一(yi)(yi)場重(zhong)大(da)的(de)(de)社會變革。在(zai)推(tui)進農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)經濟(ji)社會全面發(fa)展中(zhong),正(zheng)(zheng)確處理(li)好(hao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)改(gai)革發(fa)展穩(wen)定(ding)的(de)(de)關系顯得十(shi)分重(zhong)要(yao)。穩(wen)定(ding)是(shi)建(jian)設(she)社會主(zhu)(zhu)義新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)重(zhong)要(yao)前(qian)(qian)提。我們在(zai)推(tui)進新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)中(zhong),每(mei)一(yi)(yi)個環節(jie)、每(mei)一(yi)(yi)個方面、每(mei)一(yi)(yi)個步驟(zou),都要(yao)細心體察農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)情緒,認真考(kao)慮農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)意(yi)愿,切實維護農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)利(li)益(yi)(yi),看看農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)是(shi)否真情擁護、是(shi)否真正(zheng)(zheng)愿意(yi)、是(shi)否真心高興(xing)。保(bao)持(chi)黨(dang)在(zai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)各項(xiang)政策的(de)(de)長期穩(wen)定(ding),這是(shi)保(bao)持(chi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)穩(wen)定(ding)的(de)(de)根本(ben)前(qian)(qian)提。建(jian)設(she)社會主(zhu)(zhu)義新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)要(yao)以實現、維護和發(fa)展最廣大(da)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)根本(ben)利(li)益(yi)(yi)為(wei)出發(fa)點(dian),多算算老百(bai)姓身邊的(de)(de)“小賬”,兼(jian)顧農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)社會不(bu)同群(qun)(qun)體的(de)(de)利(li)益(yi)(yi)需求,特別是(shi)要(yao)把解決(jue)困難群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)生產(chan)生活問題作(zuo)為(wei)當前(qian)(qian)建(jian)設(she)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)重(zhong)點(dian),努力建(jian)設(she)和諧的(de)(de)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)。在(zai)處理(li)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)穩(wen)定(ding)問題時,要(yao)正(zheng)(zheng)確處理(li)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)眼前(qian)(qian)利(li)益(yi)(yi)與長遠(yuan)(yuan)利(li)益(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)關系,決(jue)不(bu)能犧牲(sheng)多數群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)眼前(qian)(qian)利(li)益(yi)(yi)來(lai)(lai)搞所(suo)謂的(de)(de)長遠(yuan)(yuan)利(li)益(yi)(yi),也不(bu)能犧牲(sheng)長遠(yuan)(yuan)利(li)益(yi)(yi)來(lai)(lai)滿(man)足(zu)少(shao)數人(ren)的(de)(de)眼前(qian)(qian)利(li)益(yi)(yi);同時,也要(yao)正(zheng)(zheng)確處理(li)好(hao)局部利(li)益(yi)(yi)與全局利(li)益(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)關系。

習近平2006年(nian)3月(yue)23日在浙江省委建設社(she)會主義(yi)新農村專題學習會上的講話,選自(zi)《干(gan)在實(shi)處走在前(qian)列》,中共中央黨校出版(ban)社(she),2006年(nian)12月(yue)版(ban)

建(jian)設社(she)會主義新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun),既(ji)要(yao)著(zhu)眼于(yu)“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問(wen)題(ti)的(de)(de)(de)全面解決(jue)(jue)(jue),又要(yao)突出農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)問(wen)題(ti)這個(ge)核(he)心。農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)問(wen)題(ti)是一個(ge)有機(ji)整體,解決(jue)(jue)(jue)“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問(wen)題(ti)必須立(li)足于(yu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)這個(ge)基(ji)礎、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)這個(ge)主戰(zhan)場、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)這個(ge)核(he)心。從農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)來(lai)說,農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)是安天下(xia)穩人心的(de)(de)(de)產業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),始終(zhong)是國民(min)(min)(min)經濟的(de)(de)(de)基(ji)礎。糧(liang)食生產任(ren)何時候都不能(neng)放松,解決(jue)(jue)(jue)吃飯問(wen)題(ti)始終(zhong)要(yao)靠農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye);農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)生產性收(shou)(shou)入(ru)是農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)收(shou)(shou)入(ru)的(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)組成部(bu)分(fen),農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)增收(shou)(shou)仍然可(ke)以(yi)依(yi)靠農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)本身還是大(da)有可(ke)為的(de)(de)(de),全面提(ti)高(gao)(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)綜合生產能(neng)力,加快建(jian)設高(gao)(gao)效生態的(de)(de)(de)現代(dai)(dai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),促進(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)生產方(fang)(fang)式由粗放型向(xiang)集約型轉(zhuan)(zhuan)變,完全可(ke)以(yi)提(ti)高(gao)(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)生產效率,進(jin)而提(ti)高(gao)(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)附加值,使農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)通過經營農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)來(lai)增收(shou)(shou)。從農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)來(lai)說,我(wo)們必須看到,在工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)、城(cheng)市化(hua)進(jin)程中,一方(fang)(fang)面,雖(sui)然城(cheng)市化(hua)是必然的(de)(de)(de)、必要(yao)的(de)(de)(de),但(dan)城(cheng)市化(hua)未能(neng)有效地帶動農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)市民(min)(min)(min)化(hua)的(de)(de)(de)問(wen)題(ti)依(yi)然存在,即使我(wo)國、我(wo)省城(cheng)市化(hua)水平提(ti)高(gao)(gao)到60%、甚至80%,也依(yi)然有農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)存在。另一方(fang)(fang)面,工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)也不是村(cun)(cun)村(cun)(cun)點火、處處冒煙(yan),雖(sui)然工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)吸(xi)收(shou)(shou)了大(da)量的(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)工(gong),但(dan)不可(ke)能(neng)完全轉(zhuan)(zhuan)移所有的(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)剩余(yu)勞動力。因此,建(jian)設新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun),既(ji)要(yao)立(li)足于(yu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)這個(ge)主戰(zhan)場,糾正脫離(li)“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”抓工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)、城(cheng)市化(hua)的(de)(de)(de)偏差,把工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)、城(cheng)市化(hua)的(de)(de)(de)健(jian)康發展(zhan)與(yu)“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”發展(zhan)緊密結(jie)合起來(lai),又要(yao)堅持工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)反哺(bu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、城(cheng)市支持農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun),注重(zhong)(zhong)工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)、城(cheng)市化(hua)對農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)現代(dai)(dai)化(hua)的(de)(de)(de)帶動作用,全面推(tui)進(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)發展(zhan)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)進(jin)步。

習(xi)(xi)近平2006年3月23日在浙江省委建設社(she)會(hui)主(zhu)義新農村(cun)專(zhuan)題(ti)學(xue)習(xi)(xi)會(hui)上的講話,選自《干在實處(chu)走在前列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校(xiao)出(chu)版社(she),2006年12月版

建設(she)(she)社(she)會(hui)主義新(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun),既要(yao)(yao)(yao)挖掘(jue)農(nong)(nong)民(min)農(nong)(nong)業農(nong)(nong)村(cun)潛力(li)(li)(li),又要(yao)(yao)(yao)實(shi)施以工促農(nong)(nong)、以城帶鄉的基本方略。如前所說,建設(she)(she)社(she)會(hui)主義新(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)主戰(zhan)場在(zai)農(nong)(nong)村(cun),首要(yao)(yao)(yao)的是(shi)激發農(nong)(nong)村(cun)社(she)會(hui)的創造活力(li)(li)(li),關鍵在(zai)于改革與(yu)生產力(li)(li)(li)發展不相適應的生產關系和(he)上層建筑(zhu)的某些環節(jie),充分調動農(nong)(nong)民(min)群眾(zhong)(zhong)的積極(ji)性(xing)和(he)創造性(xing)。改革開放初(chu)期,我(wo)們通過(guo)實(shi)施以家庭聯產承包責任制(zhi)為主要(yao)(yao)(yao)內容的農(nong)(nong)村(cun)改革,極(ji)大地調動農(nong)(nong)民(min)群眾(zhong)(zhong)的積極(ji)性(xing)和(he)創造性(xing)。今天(tian),我(wo)們在(zai)推進新(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)建設(she)(she)中(zhong),也(ye)要(yao)(yao)(yao)向改革要(yao)(yao)(yao)動力(li)(li)(li),通過(guo)體制(zhi)機制(zhi)的創新(xin),有效(xiao)整(zheng)合農(nong)(nong)村(cun)各種資源(yuan)和(he)要(yao)(yao)(yao)素,挖掘(jue)農(nong)(nong)民(min)農(nong)(nong)業農(nong)(nong)村(cun)潛力(li)(li)(li),扎實(shi)推進新(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)建設(she)(she)。這是(shi)建設(she)(she)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)的內力(li)(li)(li),也(ye)是(shi)建設(she)(she)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)的立足點。

習(xi)近平(ping)2006年3月(yue)(yue)23日在浙江省委建設社(she)會(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)農村專題學(xue)習(xi)會(hui)上(shang)的講話,選自《干在實處走在前列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校出(chu)版(ban)社(she),2006年12月(yue)(yue)版(ban)

建設新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)是一(yi)個全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)面(mian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)目標,所(suo)要運用的(de)(de)(de)(de)資(zi)(zi)源和力(li)(li)量的(de)(de)(de)(de)廣度(du)與(yu)強度(du)是前所(suo)未有(you)的(de)(de)(de)(de)。建設這樣(yang)偉大的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)事業(ye),僅靠(kao)(kao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)內部的(de)(de)(de)(de)力(li)(li)量和資(zi)(zi)源是遠遠不夠(gou)的(de)(de)(de)(de),必須(xu)靠(kao)(kao)外(wai)力(li)(li)的(de)(de)(de)(de)推動,依靠(kao)(kao)工(gong)業(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)帶(dai)動、城(cheng)市的(de)(de)(de)(de)支持(chi)、國(guo)家的(de)(de)(de)(de)扶持(chi)、市場(chang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)驅動。中央提出以(yi)統籌城(cheng)鄉發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)來建設社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)方(fang)略,就(jiu)(jiu)是鑒于對(dui)我國(guo)總(zong)體上已(yi)進(jin)入“以(yi)工(gong)促農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)、以(yi)城(cheng)帶(dai)鄉”發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)階段和綜合國(guo)力(li)(li)明(ming)顯增加的(de)(de)(de)(de)正確判斷(duan),這是一(yi)種全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)新(xin)(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)思維,再(zai)不能像(xiang)過去那樣(yang),就(jiu)(jiu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)、就(jiu)(jiu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)建設農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)、就(jiu)(jiu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)致富(fu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)老套路,而(er)應(ying)是著眼于城(cheng)鄉一(yi)體化,通(tong)過城(cheng)鄉互動共進(jin),走出從根本上解決“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問(wen)題的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)路子;再(zai)不能像(xiang)以(yi)前那樣(yang),認為(wei)(wei)解決“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問(wen)題只是農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)林等涉農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)部門的(de)(de)(de)(de)事情,而(er)應(ying)是全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)黨、全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)、全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)的(de)(de)(de)(de)共同行動。為(wei)(wei)此(ci),我們在建設社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)進(jin)程中,要始終堅持(chi)“多予(yu)少取放(fang)活”的(de)(de)(de)(de)方(fang)針,充分調動一(yi)切積(ji)極因(yin)素,激發(fa)(fa)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)的(de)(de)(de)(de)活力(li)(li),凝聚(ju)各(ge)方(fang)面(mian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)力(li)(li)量,打一(yi)場(chang)建設社(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)“人民(min)戰爭”。

習近平(ping)2006年3月23日(ri)在浙江(jiang)省(sheng)委建設社會主義新農村專題(ti)學習會上的講話,選自(zi)《干在實處走(zou)在前列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校(xiao)出版(ban)(ban)社,2006年12月版(ban)(ban)

建(jian)設社會主義新農村(cun),既(ji)要(yao)(yao)發揮政(zheng)府調(diao)(diao)節(jie)這(zhe)只“看(kan)(kan)得見(jian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)手(shou)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)作(zuo)用,又要(yao)(yao)重視(shi)市場調(diao)(diao)節(jie)這(zhe)只“看(kan)(kan)不(bu)見(jian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)手(shou)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)作(zuo)用。建(jian)設社會主義新農村(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)一個重大任務(wu)就是大幅度地(di)增(zeng)加農村(cun)公(gong)共產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin),比如(ru)基礎(chu)設施、公(gong)共服務(wu)能力等(deng)等(deng),公(gong)共產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)是開放的(de)(de)(de)(de),沒法封閉(bi)、排(pai)他(ta),具有(you)非競爭性,沒法作(zuo)為企(qi)業經(jing)營,只能用政(zheng)府資源來(lai)投(tou)入(ru)(ru);有(you)些(xie)如(ru)電視(shi)、網絡、交通、供(gong)水(shui)等(deng)等(deng),在(zai)城市已成了混(hun)合公(gong)共產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)或(huo)準公(gong)共投(tou)資產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin),甚(shen)至(zhi)還(huan)成了私人產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin),都可由企(qi)業來(lai)生產(chan)(chan)提供(gong),但在(zai)農村(cun),這(zhe)些(xie)仍屬于公(gong)共產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin),靠企(qi)業投(tou)資不(bu)現(xian)實(shi),需要(yao)(yao)政(zheng)府的(de)(de)(de)(de)投(tou)入(ru)(ru);還(huan)有(you),農產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)收(shou)入(ru)(ru)彈性比較小,特(te)別是糧食(shi)收(shou)入(ru)(ru)彈性更(geng)小,為解(jie)決谷賤傷農、增(zeng)產(chan)(chan)不(bu)增(zeng)收(shou)的(de)(de)(de)(de)問(wen)題(ti),確保(bao)糧食(shi)安全和(he)(he)農產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)效供(gong)給,對糧食(shi)等(deng)重要(yao)(yao)農產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)還(huan)需實(shi)行價格(ge)保(bao)護,也(ye)(ye)需要(yao)(yao)政(zheng)府財政(zheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)投(tou)入(ru)(ru);對貧(pin)困地(di)區的(de)(de)(de)(de)扶持和(he)(he)對貧(pin)困群(qun)眾的(de)(de)(de)(de)生活(huo)保(bao)障,也(ye)(ye)需要(yao)(yao)政(zheng)府財政(zheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)轉移支付(fu)來(lai)實(shi)現(xian);解(jie)決市場經(jing)濟的(de)(de)(de)(de)外(wai)部性問(wen)題(ti),避免市場經(jing)濟的(de)(de)(de)(de)“馬太(tai)效應”產(chan)(chan)生城鄉和(he)(he)區域資源配置的(de)(de)(de)(de)不(bu)平衡性,也(ye)(ye)需要(yao)(yao)政(zheng)府進行有(you)效的(de)(de)(de)(de)經(jing)濟調(diao)(diao)節(jie)和(he)(he)市場監管(guan)。這(zhe)些(xie)都要(yao)(yao)充(chong)分發揮政(zheng)府這(zhe)只“看(kan)(kan)得見(jian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)手(shou)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)調(diao)(diao)節(jie)作(zuo)用。

同(tong)時,在(zai)市(shi)場經濟條件下建設社會(hui)主義(yi)新農村(cun),也(ye)要(yao)注意(yi)發揮市(shi)場機制的(de)作用(yong)。特別(bie)是在(zai)農村(cun)生產(chan)、流通、消費等領域,如農村(cun)產(chan)業結構的(de)調(diao)整,農民生產(chan)什么、生產(chan)多少,要(yao)以市(shi)場為導(dao)向,農業經營規模、農村(cun)經濟組織發展也(ye)要(yao)遵循經濟規律,在(zai)征地(di)、土地(di)使用(yong)權(quan)出(chu)讓等方面(mian)要(yao)遵照價(jia)值規律逐步進行改(gai)革。總之,凡是市(shi)場能(neng)解決的(de),應由市(shi)場來解決,切實把“兩只手”的(de)作用(yong)統(tong)籌協調(diao)起來。

習(xi)近(jin)平2006年(nian)3月23日在(zai)浙江省委建設(she)社會主義(yi)新農村專題學習(xi)會上(shang)的講話,選自《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列》,中共中央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年(nian)12月版(ban)

建(jian)設社會主義(yi)新(xin)農(nong)村(cun),既要(yao)(yao)加強黨委(wei)、政府的(de)(de)領導(dao)(dao),又要(yao)(yao)突(tu)出農(nong)民群眾的(de)(de)主體地(di)位。加強黨的(de)(de)領導(dao)(dao)是我們(men)做好各(ge)項工(gong)作的(de)(de)根本(ben)保證。建(jian)設社會主義(yi)新(xin)農(nong)村(cun),是一項涉及(ji)方(fang)(fang)方(fang)(fang)面面的(de)(de)宏大工(gong)程,是一項需要(yao)(yao)長期不懈奮(fen)斗的(de)(de)攻堅(jian)工(gong)程,黨委(wei)更要(yao)(yao)發(fa)揮(hui)領導(dao)(dao)核心(xin)作用,政府也(ye)要(yao)(yao)發(fa)揮(hui)應有的(de)(de)職能作用,通過黨委(wei)、政府的(de)(de)有效(xiao)工(gong)作,調動各(ge)方(fang)(fang)面的(de)(de)積極性,整合各(ge)方(fang)(fang)面的(de)(de)資源,形成(cheng)建(jian)設新(xin)農(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)強大合力。尤其(qi)是市、縣兩級(ji)黨委(wei)和政府要(yao)(yao)把(ba)主要(yao)(yao)精力和工(gong)作重心(xin)放到建(jian)設社會主義(yi)新(xin)農(nong)村(cun)上,縣一級(ji)要(yao)(yao)成(cheng)為統籌城鄉(xiang)發(fa)展的(de)(de)中心(xin)環節。

習近平2006年3月23日在(zai)浙江省(sheng)委建設社會主義新農村專題學習會上的講話,選自《干在(zai)實處走在(zai)前列》,中共中央黨校出(chu)版社,2006年12月版

建(jian)設(she)社會(hui)主(zhu)義(yi)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)還必(bi)須激發(fa)(fa)(fa)廣(guang)大(da)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)自(zi)主(zhu)創(chuang)業的(de)(de)(de)(de)潛能。農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)群(qun)眾是(shi)建(jian)設(she)社會(hui)主(zhu)義(yi)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)體,把農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)群(qun)眾創(chuang)家(jia)業的(de)(de)(de)(de)積極性調動起來、發(fa)(fa)(fa)揮出來,能人創(chuang)企業和(he)干(gan)部(bu)創(chuang)事業才有(you)堅實(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)基(ji)礎和(he)有(you)利的(de)(de)(de)(de)條(tiao)件。農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)這(zhe)一頭不熱,建(jian)設(she)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)就會(hui)缺乏持久(jiu)動力(li),建(jian)設(she)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)熱潮最終也持久(jiu)不了。發(fa)(fa)(fa)揮農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)群(qun)眾的(de)(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)動性和(he)創(chuang)造性,關(guan)鍵是(shi)要(yao)(yao)(yao)讓(rang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)群(qun)眾得到(dao)實(shi)惠(hui),讓(rang)他(ta)們(men)感到(dao)建(jian)設(she)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)有(you)奔頭、有(you)干(gan)頭,讓(rang)他(ta)們(men)感到(dao)通過自(zi)己的(de)(de)(de)(de)辛勤(qin)勞動,明天日(ri)子會(hui)更美(mei)好,進而成(cheng)為一種(zhong)自(zi)覺行動,爆發(fa)(fa)(fa)出無窮的(de)(de)(de)(de)力(li)量。當然,對(dui)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)群(qun)眾在新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)中的(de)(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)體地位(wei),要(yao)(yao)(yao)辯(bian)證地認(ren)識。一方(fang)面(mian),建(jian)設(she)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)依靠農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)力(li)量,農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)是(shi)主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)參與者(zhe)和(he)直接(jie)受益(yi)者(zhe),農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)為一個整(zheng)體成(cheng)為新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)體。另一方(fang)面(mian),由(you)于(yu)相當數量的(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)文化素質較(jiao)低、經濟實(shi)力(li)較(jiao)弱(ruo)、社會(hui)地位(wei)較(jiao)低,很難主(zhu)動地站在主(zhu)體的(de)(de)(de)(de)位(wei)置(zhi)(zhi)上。這(zhe)就需(xu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)依靠黨(dang)委(wei)、政府,依靠農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業產業化體系特(te)別是(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業龍頭企業和(he)合作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)組織(zhi),來發(fa)(fa)(fa)動農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)、組織(zhi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)、引導農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min),使(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)真正站到(dao)主(zhu)體的(de)(de)(de)(de)位(wei)置(zhi)(zhi)上。從具體的(de)(de)(de)(de)組織(zhi)引導來說,要(yao)(yao)(yao)把農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)動員起來,首先(xian)要(yao)(yao)(yao)尊重農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min),特(te)別是(shi)規劃(hua)目標要(yao)(yao)(yao)讓(rang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)認(ren)可和(he)接(jie)受,各項決策要(yao)(yao)(yao)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu),各項工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)要(yao)(yao)(yao)遵(zun)循(xun)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)意,農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)事根本上還應由(you)大(da)多(duo)數農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)來決定;其(qi)次要(yao)(yao)(yao)教育農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min),用(yong)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)美(mei)好前景激勵農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)、團(tuan)結農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min),在新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)實(shi)踐中改造農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min);再(zai)次要(yao)(yao)(yao)典型(xing)引路,發(fa)(fa)(fa)揮示范作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)。

習(xi)近平2006年3月23日在浙江省(sheng)委建設(she)社(she)會主義新農(nong)村專題學習(xi)會上的講話,選自《干在實處走在前列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校(xiao)出(chu)版社(she),2006年12月版

全面推進浙江的社(she)會主(zhu)義新(xin)農(nong)村建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she),要以發展(zhan)(zhan)強村,推進農(nong)村現代產業體系(xi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)。生產發展(zhan)(zhan)是新(xin)農(nong)村建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)的首要任務和主(zhu)要途(tu)徑。實現建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)新(xin)農(nong)村的目標,必須首先(xian)立足于(yu)農(nong)村現代產業的發展(zhan)(zhan)。無論是發展(zhan)(zhan)經濟、增加農(nong)民收(shou)入(ru),還是改善(shan)生態環境(jing),都必須以農(nong)村現代產業為(wei)基礎。

發(fa)展農(nong)(nong)(nong)村現(xian)代(dai)產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),需要(yao)(yao)著力(li)轉(zhuan)變(bian)(bian)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)增長方(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)式(shi),用現(xian)代(dai)發(fa)展理念指(zhi)導(dao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),用現(xian)代(dai)生產(chan)(chan)(chan)要(yao)(yao)素投入(ru)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),用現(xian)代(dai)生產(chan)(chan)(chan)方(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)式(shi)改造(zao)(zao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)。要(yao)(yao)抓住(zhu)當前科(ke)技進(jin)步、產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)重組、生產(chan)(chan)(chan)要(yao)(yao)素轉(zhuan)移加(jia)(jia)(jia)快的(de)極(ji)(ji)好(hao)機遇(yu),建立現(xian)代(dai)生產(chan)(chan)(chan)要(yao)(yao)素流向(xiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、現(xian)代(dai)生產(chan)(chan)(chan)方(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)式(shi)改造(zao)(zao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)機制,進(jin)一步加(jia)(jia)(jia)大(da)“科(ke)技興農(nong)(nong)(nong)”的(de)力(li)度。包括制定支(zhi)持(chi)工(gong)商企業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)投資(zi)(zi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),鼓勵現(xian)代(dai)經(jing)營(ying)管理方(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)式(shi)改造(zao)(zao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),引導(dao)資(zi)(zi)本、技術、人才等(deng)要(yao)(yao)素流向(xiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),鼓勵利用國(guo)(guo)際國(guo)(guo)內資(zi)(zi)源,在更(geng)廣(guang)領域上促進(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)資(zi)(zi)源的(de)優(you)化(hua)(hua)(hua)配置等(deng)政策措施,促進(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)與(yu)工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)與(yu)服務業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)融(rong)合,提高(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)、國(guo)(guo)際化(hua)(hua)(hua)、現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)水(shui)平。我省(sheng)民營(ying)經(jing)濟發(fa)達,民營(ying)企業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)大(da)多(duo)來自農(nong)(nong)(nong)村又樂于反哺農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)。我們要(yao)(yao)積(ji)(ji)極(ji)(ji)調動這方(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)面(mian)的(de)積(ji)(ji)極(ji)(ji)性,充分發(fa)揮這方(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)面(mian)的(de)優(you)勢。當前,要(yao)(yao)繼續(xu)以發(fa)展高(gao)效(xiao)生態(tai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)為主攻方(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)(fang)向(xiang),加(jia)(jia)(jia)快建設(she)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村現(xian)代(dai)產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)體系,集中力(li)量培育一批有(you)比較優(you)勢、有(you)競(jing)爭力(li)的(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)主導(dao)產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),形成(cheng)一批區域化(hua)(hua)(hua)布局、產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)經(jing)營(ying)、品(pin)牌化(hua)(hua)(hua)產(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)的(de)特色農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)塊(kuai)狀經(jing)濟,形成(cheng)一批帶動能力(li)強的(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)龍頭企業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),全面(mian)實現(xian)傳統農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)向(xiang)現(xian)代(dai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)轉(zhuan)變(bian)(bian)。

習(xi)近平(ping)2006年3月23日在(zai)浙江省委(wei)建設社會(hui)主義新(xin)農村專題學習(xi)會(hui)上的(de)講(jiang)話,選自《干(gan)在(zai)實處走在(zai)前(qian)列》,中共中央黨校出版社,2006年12月版

全(quan)面推進浙(zhe)江的(de)社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)義新(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she),要(yao)靠(kao)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)美村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),推進農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)新(xin)社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)。新(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)必(bi)須有(you)(you)新(xin)面貌。要(yao)堅(jian)持以人為本(ben),推進村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)整治(zhi)(zhi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she),加(jia)快傳統(tong)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)向現代(dai)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)轉(zhuan)變。必(bi)須強(qiang)調的(de)是,現代(dai)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)包括整治(zhi)(zhi)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)環境、完善(shan)(shan)配套設(she)(she)施(shi)、節約使用資源、改善(shan)(shan)公(gong)共服(fu)(fu)務、提高農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)素質(zhi)、方便農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)生(sheng)產生(sheng)活(huo)等(deng),既要(yao)有(you)(you)硬件,又要(yao)有(you)(you)軟(ruan)件,不能簡單理解為僅僅是村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)。村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)必(bi)須建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)立在農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)經濟社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)發(fa)展的(de)基(ji)礎上(shang),如(ru)果經濟上(shang)不去,農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)收入上(shang)不去,村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)就沒有(you)(you)堅(jian)實(shi)的(de)經濟基(ji)礎,就不可能持久搞下去。如(ru)果社(she)(she)(she)(she)會(hui)(hui)事業不發(fa)展,農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)享受不到基(ji)本(ben)的(de)公(gong)共服(fu)(fu)務,村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)就不能滿足農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)的(de)基(ji)本(ben)需要(yao)。我們(men)在推進“千村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)示范萬村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)整治(zhi)(zhi)”工(gong)程(cheng)中(zhong),要(yao)重視推進社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)設(she)(she)施(shi)、社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)環境、社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)經濟、社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)服(fu)(fu)務、社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)文(wen)化(hua)、社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)教育、社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)福利、社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)管(guan)理建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she),努力形成布局合(he)理、環境整潔(jie)、生(sheng)態文(wen)明、服(fu)(fu)務健全(quan)、文(wen)化(hua)豐富(fu)、管(guan)理民(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)、生(sheng)活(huo)舒適(shi)的(de)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)新(xin)社(she)(she)(she)(she)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)。

習(xi)近平(ping)2006年3月23日在(zai)浙江省委(wei)建設社(she)會(hui)(hui)主義新農村專(zhuan)題學習(xi)會(hui)(hui)上的講話選(xuan)自《干在(zai)實(shi)處走(zou)在(zai)前列》,中共(gong)中央黨(dang)校出版社(she),2006年12月版

全(quan)(quan)(quan)面推(tui)進浙江的(de)(de)(de)(de)社(she)會(hui)(hui)主義(yi)新農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she),要(yao)(yao)(yao)抓反哺(bu)富村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),提(ti)(ti)高(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)生活(huo)水(shui)平和生活(huo)質量(liang)(liang)。促(cu)進農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)持(chi)(chi)續增(zeng)(zeng)收(shou)(shou)(shou)是(shi)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)新農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)中心(xin)任務(wu)(wu)。農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)(ru)有來自純農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)(ru)和非農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)(ru)。純農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)(ru)是(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)(ru)的(de)(de)(de)(de)基本部(bu)(bu)分(fen),要(yao)(yao)(yao)充(chong)分(fen)挖掘農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)內部(bu)(bu)增(zeng)(zeng)收(shou)(shou)(shou)潛力(li),大力(li)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)現代高(gao)效(xiao)生態農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye),提(ti)(ti)高(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)比較效(xiao)益,增(zeng)(zeng)強農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)內部(bu)(bu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)“容(rong)人之量(liang)(liang)”。非農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)(ru)已(yi)成為農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)(ru)的(de)(de)(de)(de)主要(yao)(yao)(yao)部(bu)(bu)分(fen),要(yao)(yao)(yao)繼(ji)(ji)續加(jia)快(kuai)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)二、三產業(ye)(ye),拓寬農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)外出務(wu)(wu)工(gong)經(jing)(jing)商的(de)(de)(de)(de)轉(zhuan)移渠(qu)道。發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)壯大縣(xian)域經(jing)(jing)濟,是(shi)廣(guang)辟農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)轉(zhuan)移就業(ye)(ye)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)增(zeng)(zeng)收(shou)(shou)(shou)的(de)(de)(de)(de)主要(yao)(yao)(yao)途徑,也(ye)是(shi)我省經(jing)(jing)濟增(zeng)(zeng)長的(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)(yao)發(fa)(fa)動機。要(yao)(yao)(yao)繼(ji)(ji)續把發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)壯大縣(xian)域經(jing)(jing)濟作為重(zhong)點(dian),建(jian)(jian)立以縣(xian)城(cheng)為依托,中心(xin)鎮為紐帶、連(lian)接廣(guang)大鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)城(cheng)鎮建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)體系(xi),實(shi)施市(shi)帶縣(xian)、市(shi)幫縣(xian)戰略和“中心(xin)鎮培育工(gong)程(cheng)”,繼(ji)(ji)續擴大縣(xian)級經(jing)(jing)濟管理權限,提(ti)(ti)升(sheng)縣(xian)域塊狀經(jing)(jing)濟水(shui)平,加(jia)快(kuai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)富余(yu)勞動力(li)就近(jin)就地轉(zhuan)移就業(ye)(ye)。總之,解決農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)(ru)問題,既要(yao)(yao)(yao)鼓勵農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)走出去,又要(yao)(yao)(yao)引(yin)導農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)留下來,還要(yao)(yao)(yao)支持(chi)(chi)出去的(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)回鄉(xiang)(xiang)創(chuang)業(ye)(ye)。基礎(chu)設(she)(she)施薄弱(ruo)、公(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)能(neng)力(li)落后(hou),是(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)生產力(li)進一步(bu)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)生活(huo)質量(liang)(liang)進一步(bu)提(ti)(ti)高(gao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)主要(yao)(yao)(yao)障礙。改變農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)落后(hou)的(de)(de)(de)(de)基礎(chu)設(she)(she)施和公(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)能(neng)力(li),政府要(yao)(yao)(yao)扛(kang)大頭、挑重(zhong)擔,這一點(dian)必須(xu)明確。這是(shi)實(shi)現工(gong)業(ye)(ye)反哺(bu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)、城(cheng)市(shi)支持(chi)(chi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)一種重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)(yao)形式。要(yao)(yao)(yao)加(jia)大公(gong)(gong)共(gong)財(cai)政向農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)傾斜的(de)(de)(de)(de)力(li)度,把基礎(chu)設(she)(she)施建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)和發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)教(jiao)科文(wen)衛體等社(she)會(hui)(hui)事業(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)點(dian)放(fang)到農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),全(quan)(quan)(quan)面改善農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)供水(shui)、供電(dian)、環保、交(jiao)通(tong)(tong)、通(tong)(tong)訊、廣(guang)播電(dian)視(shi)、信(xin)息(xi)網絡等公(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)基礎(chu)條件,繼(ji)(ji)續大力(li)實(shi)施城(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)教(jiao)育均衡(heng)工(gong)程(cheng)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)健康(kang)工(gong)程(cheng)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)文(wen)化建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)工(gong)程(cheng)、小康(kang)健身工(gong)程(cheng),全(quan)(quan)(quan)面提(ti)(ti)高(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)社(she)會(hui)(hui)事業(ye)(ye)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)水(shui)平;建(jian)(jian)立健全(quan)(quan)(quan)多(duo)層次、普惠性的(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)社(she)保體系(xi),不斷(duan)提(ti)(ti)高(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)社(she)保水(shui)平,逐步(bu)縮小城(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)公(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)差距。

習近平2006年3月23日在浙江省(sheng)委建設社會主義新農(nong)村專題學習會上的講話,選自《干在實(shi)處走(zou)在前列》,中共中央黨(dang)校出版(ban)社,2006年12月版(ban)

全(quan)(quan)面推進(jin)(jin)(jin)浙江(jiang)的(de)(de)社(she)(she)會主義新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設,要(yao)(yao)講文明興村(cun)(cun),推進(jin)(jin)(jin)現代農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)素(su)質(zhi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設。建(jian)(jian)(jian)設新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)固然(ran)要(yao)(yao)從(cong)改變(bian)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)面貌(mao)著手,但(dan)更重要(yao)(yao)的(de)(de)是提(ti)高農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)素(su)質(zhi),沒有(you)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min),就沒有(you)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)。新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)是指農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)要(yao)(yao)有(you)新(xin)(xin)理念、新(xin)(xin)思想(xiang)(xiang)、新(xin)(xin)知(zhi)識、新(xin)(xin)文化、新(xin)(xin)精(jing)神、新(xin)(xin)技能(neng)、新(xin)(xin)素(su)質(zhi)、新(xin)(xin)能(neng)力。要(yao)(yao)繼續深入(ru)開展社(she)(she)會主義新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設教(jiao)育活動,用現代文明、先進(jin)(jin)(jin)理念武裝(zhuang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min),開展以“八榮八恥”為主要(yao)(yao)內(nei)容的(de)(de)社(she)(she)會主義榮辱觀教(jiao)育,培(pei)育健(jian)康的(de)(de)價值觀和(he)道德觀念,倡導合作共事與(yu)和(he)諧共處的(de)(de)意識,革除農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)中的(de)(de)陳規陋習和(he)思想(xiang)(xiang)懶散(san)現象,營造農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)科(ke)學、民(min)主、健(jian)康、向(xiang)上(shang)的(de)(de)社(she)(she)會氛(fen)圍。要(yao)(yao)加強農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)培(pei)訓(xun)和(he)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)職業教(jiao)育。要(yao)(yao)將(jiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)勞動力培(pei)訓(xun)納入(ru)各級(ji)公共財政支持范圍,建(jian)(jian)(jian)立(li)健(jian)全(quan)(quan)培(pei)訓(xun)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)、增強素(su)質(zhi)的(de)(de)長效(xiao)機(ji)制,促進(jin)(jin)(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)人(ren)口優(you)勢向(xiang)人(ren)力資本優(you)勢轉變(bian)。

習近(jin)平2006年(nian)3月(yue)23日在浙江省委建設社會(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)農村專(zhuan)題學習會(hui)上(shang)的講話,選自(zi)《干在實處(chu)走在前(qian)列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央(yang)黨校出(chu)版社,2006年(nian)12月(yue)版

全面(mian)推(tui)(tui)進浙江(jiang)的(de)(de)(de)社會主義新(xin)農(nong)村(cun)建(jian)設,要(yao)促改(gai)革活村(cun),推(tui)(tui)進保(bao)障城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)協(xie)調(diao)發(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)機(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)建(jian)設。深化改(gai)革是(shi)新(xin)農(nong)村(cun)建(jian)設的(de)(de)(de)體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)保(bao)障和(he)(he)動力源泉。要(yao)下決心(xin)從深層次上(shang)突(tu)破影響(xiang)農(nong)村(cun)發(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)性障礙,充(chong)分(fen)激發(fa)農(nong)村(cun)發(fa)展(zhan)活力。要(yao)全面(mian)推(tui)(tui)進農(nong)村(cun)綜(zong)合改(gai)革,重點在(zai)推(tui)(tui)進鄉(xiang)鎮機(ji)構(gou)、義務(wu)教(jiao)育、縣鄉(xiang)財(cai)政體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)、戶籍管(guan)理、勞(lao)動就業(ye)、征地制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度、農(nong)村(cun)金融等(deng)方面(mian)改(gai)革上(shang)下功(gong)夫,建(jian)立健全有(you)利(li)于促進統籌(chou)城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)發(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),讓一(yi)切勞(lao)動、知識、技術、管(guan)理和(he)(he)資本(ben)(ben)都能在(zai)農(nong)村(cun)迸發(fa)活力、創造財(cai)富(fu)。統籌(chou)城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)發(fa)展(zhan)最根本(ben)(ben)的(de)(de)(de)是(shi)要(yao)消除(chu)城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)二元結構(gou),形(xing)成以(yi)工(gong)促農(nong)、以(yi)城(cheng)(cheng)帶鄉(xiang),城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)互動、共同(tong)進步的(de)(de)(de)發(fa)展(zhan)格局,建(jian)立起城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)統一(yi)的(de)(de)(de)市場(chang)體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)。建(jian)立城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)統一(yi)市場(chang)體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)包(bao)括許多(duo)內容(rong),當務(wu)之急(ji)是(shi)要(yao)加強和(he)(he)改(gai)善對農(nong)民工(gong)的(de)(de)(de)服(fu)務(wu)和(he)(he)管(guan)理,使(shi)他們的(de)(de)(de)貢(gong)獻(xian)得到(dao)(dao)充(chong)分(fen)肯定,使(shi)他們的(de)(de)(de)勞(lao)動得到(dao)(dao)充(chong)分(fen)尊重,使(shi)他們的(de)(de)(de)付出得到(dao)(dao)合理回報,使(shi)他們的(de)(de)(de)生活得到(dao)(dao)基本(ben)(ben)保(bao)障,逐(zhu)步建(jian)立城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)勞(lao)動者平等(deng)的(de)(de)(de)就業(ye)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度和(he)(he)其他方面(mian)一(yi)視同(tong)仁的(de)(de)(de)服(fu)務(wu)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度。

習近平2006年3月(yue)23日在浙江省委(wei)建設(she)社會(hui)主義新(xin)農村專題學(xue)習會(hui)上的講話(hua),選自《干在實處走在前列》,中(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)央黨校出版社,2006年12月(yue)版

全(quan)面推進浙(zhe)江的(de)社(she)(she)會主(zhu)義(yi)新農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she),要(yao)建(jian)(jian)法(fa)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)安(an)(an)(an)村(cun)(cun),推進農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)層(ceng)(ceng)(ceng)民(min)(min)主(zhu)政治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)。建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)社(she)(she)會主(zhu)義(yi)新農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun),必須進一步擴大農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)層(ceng)(ceng)(ceng)民(min)(min)主(zhu),確保廣大農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)群眾(zhong)依法(fa)行使(shi)(shi)當家(jia)作主(zhu)的(de)權(quan)利。要(yao)健全(quan)村(cun)(cun)黨組織(zhi)領導的(de)充滿活力(li)(li)的(de)村(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)自(zi)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)機(ji)制(zhi),健全(quan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)主(zhu)選舉(ju)、民(min)(min)主(zhu)決策、民(min)(min)主(zhu)管理(li)(li)、民(min)(min)主(zhu)監督(du)制(zhi)度,完善村(cun)(cun)務公開(kai)、財務公開(kai)制(zhi)度,保證農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)層(ceng)(ceng)(ceng)民(min)(min)主(zhu)健康(kang)發展(zhan)。要(yao)結合“平安(an)(an)(an)浙(zhe)江”“法(fa)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)浙(zhe)江”建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she),深入開(kai)展(zhan)創建(jian)(jian)“平安(an)(an)(an)鄉鎮”“民(min)(min)主(zhu)法(fa)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)村(cun)(cun)”活動(dong),加(jia)強(qiang)普法(fa)教(jiao)育(yu),特(te)別要(yao)加(jia)強(qiang)同(tong)保障農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)群眾(zhong)切身利益(yi)(yi)緊(jin)密相關的(de)法(fa)律(lv)法(fa)規的(de)宣傳教(jiao)育(yu),使(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)群眾(zhong)增強(qiang)法(fa)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)意(yi)識(shi)和(he)自(zi)覺履(lv)行義(yi)務的(de)意(yi)識(shi)。積極(ji)引(yin)導農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)群眾(zhong)以理(li)(li)性合法(fa)的(de)形式表達利益(yi)(yi)訴(su)求(qiu)。要(yao)創新發展(zhan)新時期“楓橋經(jing)驗(yan)”,堅持工作重心下移,進一步強(qiang)化社(she)(she)會治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)安(an)(an)(an)綜合治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li),著力(li)(li)提(ti)高農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)層(ceng)(ceng)(ceng)干部運用行政、經(jing)濟和(he)法(fa)律(lv)等手段管理(li)(li)基(ji)(ji)層(ceng)(ceng)(ceng)事(shi)務、處理(li)(li)矛盾糾紛(fen)的(de)能力(li)(li),努力(li)(li)創造農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)安(an)(an)(an)定祥和(he)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)安(an)(an)(an)居樂業的(de)和(he)諧環境(jing)。

習近(jin)平2006年3月(yue)23日在浙江省(sheng)委建設社會主義新農村專(zhuan)題學習會上的(de)講話,選自《干在實處(chu)走在前列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年12月(yue)版(ban)

全面(mian)推進(jin)浙江的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)社(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義(yi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建設(she),要(yao)(yao)(yao)強班(ban)子(zi)帶村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),推進(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)層(ceng)組(zu)織建設(she)。農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)層(ceng)黨組(zu)織是(shi)黨在農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)全部(bu)工作(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)礎。建設(she)社(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義(yi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),廣(guang)大基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)層(ceng)黨組(zu)織和廣(guang)大基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)層(ceng)干(gan)部(bu)負有重大的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)使命(ming)。要(yao)(yao)(yao)按照中央的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)部(bu)署和要(yao)(yao)(yao)求,以建設(she)社(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義(yi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)為主(zhu)題(ti),切實(shi)(shi)(shi)抓好正(zheng)在開(kai)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)保持(chi)(chi)共產黨員(yuan)先進(jin)性(xing)教育(yu)活動,努力在解決問(wen)題(ti)、務(wu)求實(shi)(shi)(shi)效、群眾滿意上(shang)下(xia)功夫,并建立健(jian)全保持(chi)(chi)共產黨員(yuan)先進(jin)性(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)長效機(ji)制。要(yao)(yao)(yao)廣(guang)泛開(kai)展(zhan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)黨的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建設(she)“三級(ji)聯(lian)創(chuang)”活動,堅持(chi)(chi)以“五個好”為要(yao)(yao)(yao)求,全面(mian)推進(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)層(ceng)黨組(zu)織建設(she),積極發(fa)揮黨組(zu)織的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)領(ling)導核心作(zuo)用(yong),不斷增(zeng)強農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)層(ceng)黨組(zu)織的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)創(chuang)造力、凝聚力、戰(zhan)(zhan)斗(dou)力。要(yao)(yao)(yao)利用(yong)鄉鎮集中換屆的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)時機(ji),選好配強鄉鎮村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)黨組(zu)織領(ling)導班(ban)子(zi),堅持(chi)(chi)和完善農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)科技特派(pai)員(yuan)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)工作(zuo)指導員(yuan)制度(du),引(yin)導廣(guang)大基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)層(ceng)干(gan)部(bu)深入開(kai)展(zhan)向鄭(zheng)九(jiu)萬同(tong)志學習活動,全面(mian)貫徹省(sheng)委落實(shi)(shi)(shi)“三真”、關愛基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)層(ceng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)有關文件精神,有力指導、大力支持(chi)(chi)和切實(shi)(shi)(shi)幫(bang)助(zhu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)層(ceng)干(gan)部(bu)開(kai)展(zhan)工作(zuo),把農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)層(ceng)黨組(zu)織建設(she)成(cheng)(cheng)為帶領(ling)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民建設(she)社(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義(yi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)堅強戰(zhan)(zhan)斗(dou)堡壘,使農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)層(ceng)黨員(yuan)和干(gan)部(bu)成(cheng)(cheng)為建設(she)社(she)會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義(yi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)排頭(tou)兵(bing)。

習近(jin)平2006年3月23日(ri)在浙(zhe)江(jiang)省委建(jian)設社會主義新農村(cun)專題學習會上的講話,選自《干在實處走在前列》,中共中央黨校出版社,2006年12月版

“三農(nong)(nong)”問題(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)本質(zhi)是(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)問題(ti)。由(you)于(yu)(yu)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉二(er)元的(de)(de)(de)(de)體(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)制結構,國民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)分(fen)成(cheng)(cheng)了(le)兩種身份,一(yi)(yi)是(shi)(shi)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)居民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min),一(yi)(yi)是(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)。城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉差(cha)別是(shi)(shi)客(ke)觀存在的(de)(de)(de)(de),但(dan)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉二(er)元成(cheng)(cheng)為(wei)(wei)(wei)一(yi)(yi)種體(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)制,就人為(wei)(wei)(wei)地(di)(di)造(zao)(zao)成(cheng)(cheng)了(le)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)與(yu)市(shi)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)身份差(cha)別。這種體(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)制是(shi)(shi)歷史造(zao)(zao)成(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de),有(you)(you)歷史的(de)(de)(de)(de)合(he)理性,突破這個(ge)(ge)體(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)制目(mu)前還有(you)(you)很大(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de)難(nan)度(du),不可能一(yi)(yi)蹴而(er)(er)就。要從(cong)根本上解決這個(ge)(ge)問題(ti),不可能把(ba)所有(you)(you)的(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)都搬到城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)里來,讓(rang)(rang)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)都變(bian)(bian)成(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min),而(er)(er)必須在加(jia)快(kuai)工業(ye)化、城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)化,減少(shao)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)同(tong)時,統(tong)(tong)籌(chou)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),通過建(jian)設社會主(zhu)義新農(nong)(nong)村,把(ba)公共(gong)資源(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)投入由(you)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)為(wei)(wei)(wei)主(zhu)更多(duo)地(di)(di)向(xiang)農(nong)(nong)村傾斜,把(ba)傳統(tong)(tong)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)改(gai)造(zao)(zao)建(jian)設為(wei)(wei)(wei)具有(you)(you)持(chi)(chi)久(jiu)市(shi)場競(jing)爭力,能持(chi)(chi)續致(zhi)富(fu)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)高(gao)效生(sheng)(sheng)態農(nong)(nong)業(ye),把(ba)傳統(tong)(tong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)村落改(gai)造(zao)(zao)為(wei)(wei)(wei)讓(rang)(rang)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)也能過上現代(dai)文明(ming)生(sheng)(sheng)活(huo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)村新社區,把(ba)傳統(tong)(tong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)改(gai)造(zao)(zao)為(wei)(wei)(wei)適(shi)應生(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)分(fen)工發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)要求的(de)(de)(de)(de)高(gao)素質(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新型農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min),推(tui)進農(nong)(nong)村的(de)(de)(de)(de)經濟、政治、文化和社會“四位一(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)(ti)(ti)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)設,實現“生(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)、生(sheng)(sheng)活(huo)寬裕(yu)、鄉風文明(ming)、村容(rong)整潔、管理民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)”,讓(rang)(rang)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)共(gong)享發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)成(cheng)(cheng)果,共(gong)享現代(dai)文明(ming)。通過這樣一(yi)(yi)個(ge)(ge)全方(fang)位的(de)(de)(de)(de)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)和變(bian)(bian)革,逐(zhu)步消(xiao)除(chu)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)與(yu)市(shi)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)在實質(zhi)上的(de)(de)(de)(de)差(cha)別和身份上的(de)(de)(de)(de)巨大(da)落差(cha),而(er)(er)只是(shi)(shi)社會職(zhi)業(ye)分(fen)工的(de)(de)(de)(de)不同(tong)。這是(shi)(shi)我們(men)努(nu)力的(de)(de)(de)(de)方(fang)向(xiang),也是(shi)(shi)最終一(yi)(yi)定能夠實現的(de)(de)(de)(de)目(mu)標(biao)。當然,無論發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)到什么程度(du),城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉始終是(shi)(shi)有(you)(you)差(cha)別的(de)(de)(de)(de),有(you)(you)些方(fang)面(mian)(mian)如交(jiao)通信(xin)息(xi)等城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)會優(you)于(yu)(yu)農(nong)(nong)村,有(you)(you)些方(fang)面(mian)(mian)如生(sheng)(sheng)態環境等農(nong)(nong)村又會優(you)于(yu)(yu)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi),但(dan)終極的(de)(de)(de)(de)目(mu)標(biao)應當是(shi)(shi),雖有(you)(you)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉之別,而(er)(er)少(shao)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉之差(cha)。

習近平: 《從(cong)“兩(liang)種人(ren)”看“三農”問題》(2006年(nian)3月(yue)27日),選自《之(zhi)江新語》,浙(zhe)江人(ren)民出(chu)版社(she),2007年(nian)8月(yue)版

解決好“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問題是(shi)全(quan)黨工(gong)作的(de)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)之(zhi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)。建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)社(she)會主義新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun),就是(shi)落(luo)實(shi)“重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)之(zhi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)”要求的(de)理(li)論(lun)歸宿和(he)實(shi)踐(jian)選擇。我們一(yi)定要全(quan)面準(zhun)確地學習領(ling)會這一(yi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)大命題的(de)深刻(ke)含義,把(ba)“重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)之(zhi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)”的(de)要求真正落(luo)實(shi)在思想上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)、行動上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)、措施上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)。具(ju)體地說,就是(shi)要在謀(mou)劃發展戰略上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang),把(ba)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)作為(wei)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)之(zhi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong);在工(gong)作部署(shu)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang),把(ba)推進新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)作為(wei)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)之(zhi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong);在深化(hua)改革上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang),把(ba)建(jian)(jian)立有利于新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)的(de)體制機制作為(wei)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)之(zhi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong);在政(zheng)府財力安排上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang),把(ba)支持新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)作為(wei)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)之(zhi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong);在生產要素(su)配置上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang),把(ba)引(yin)導勞(lao)動、知識、技術、管理(li)和(he)資本流向新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)作為(wei)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)之(zhi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong);在組(zu)織(zhi)領(ling)導上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang),把(ba)加強和(he)改進黨對新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)的(de)領(ling)導作為(wei)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)之(zhi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong);在政(zheng)績考核(he)上(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang)(shang),把(ba)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)新(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)成(cheng)效作為(wei)衡量干部政(zheng)績的(de)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)中(zhong)之(zhi)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)。

習近平(ping): 《重(zhong)中之重(zhong)是“三農”》(2006年4月12日),選自《之江新語(yu)》,浙(zhe)江人民出(chu)版(ban)社,2007年8月版(ban)

農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村和農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)問題是(shi)(shi)一(yi)個(ge)有(you)機整體,解決“三農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”問題必須立足于農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)這(zhe)(zhe)個(ge)基礎、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村這(zhe)(zhe)個(ge)主戰場、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)這(zhe)(zhe)個(ge)核心,促進農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村的(de)(de)(de)(de)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)。科學(xue)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)觀強(qiang)調的(de)(de)(de)(de)首先是(shi)(shi)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),新農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村建設作為落實(shi)(shi)科學(xue)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)觀的(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)大舉措,就(jiu)是(shi)(shi)要抓住(zhu)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)不放(fang)(fang)松(song),圍(wei)繞發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)做文章,加(jia)快(kuai)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)見成效。眾所(suo)周知,在工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化、市場化、城(cheng)市化的(de)(de)(de)(de)進程中(zhong),農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)占(zhan)國(guo)(guo)民(min)(min)經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)比重(zhong)會(hui)有(you)所(suo)下降(jiang),這(zhe)(zhe)是(shi)(shi)經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)一(yi)般規(gui)律(lv)。但是(shi)(shi)不能(neng)以(yi)為工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和服務業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)越發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)就(jiu)越成為一(yi)種(zhong)萎(wei)縮(suo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)。必須清楚地認識到(dao),雖然(ran)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)增(zeng)加(jia)值占(zhan)國(guo)(guo)內生(sheng)產(chan)總(zong)值的(de)(de)(de)(de)比重(zhong)下降(jiang)了,但是(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)在國(guo)(guo)民(min)(min)經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)體系中(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)地位和作用(yong)沒有(you)下降(jiang),農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)本身(shen)會(hui)得(de)到(dao)更(geng)(geng)快(kuai)更(geng)(geng)好的(de)(de)(de)(de)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)生(sheng)產(chan)力(li)會(hui)得(de)到(dao)更(geng)(geng)大的(de)(de)(de)(de)解放(fang)(fang),農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)利益會(hui)得(de)到(dao)更(geng)(geng)好的(de)(de)(de)(de)實(shi)(shi)現,這(zhe)(zhe)也是(shi)(shi)經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)一(yi)般規(gui)律(lv),而且是(shi)(shi)社會(hui)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)一(yi)般規(gui)律(lv)。農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)是(shi)(shi)安天(tian)下穩(wen)人(ren)心的(de)(de)(de)(de)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),始終是(shi)(shi)國(guo)(guo)民(min)(min)經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)基礎。糧食生(sheng)產(chan)任何時候都不能(neng)放(fang)(fang)松(song),解決吃(chi)飯(fan)問題始終要靠農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye);農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)生(sheng)產(chan)性收(shou)(shou)入是(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)收(shou)(shou)入的(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)要組成部(bu)分(fen),農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)增(zeng)收(shou)(shou)仍然(ran)可以(yi)依靠農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),使農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)通過(guo)經(jing)營農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)來增(zeng)收(shou)(shou)。

習近平: 《以(yi)發展強村》(2006年(nian)4月(yue)14日),選自《之江新語》,浙(zhe)江人民出版(ban)(ban)社,2007年(nian)8月(yue)版(ban)(ban)

在(zai)(zai)傳(chuan)統(tong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)業(ye)社(she)會,農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)是大(da)多數(shu)人生(sheng)活、繁衍的(de)(de)(de)(de)居所。在(zai)(zai)許多詩(shi)人的(de)(de)(de)(de)筆下,農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)有著(zhu)恬靜詩(shi)意的(de)(de)(de)(de)田園風光,故而使(shi)哲學家發出(chu)(chu)“人,詩(shi)意地(di)棲居在(zai)(zai)大(da)地(di)上”的(de)(de)(de)(de)感慨。而在(zai)(zai)人類進入工(gong)業(ye)社(she)會以來,有相當一個(ge)(ge)時期,農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)環境遭到(dao)(dao)了(le)(le)(le)(le)破(po)壞(huai),農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)被(bei)人們(men)所忽視,這(zhe)種破(po)壞(huai)和(he)(he)忽視最終阻礙了(le)(le)(le)(le)經濟社(she)會的(de)(de)(de)(de)發展(zhan),使(shi)人們(men)付出(chu)(chu)了(le)(le)(le)(le)很(hen)大(da)代價。許多國家在(zai)(zai)現代化(hua)進程中都遭遇到(dao)(dao)了(le)(le)(le)(le)這(zhe)個(ge)(ge)問(wen)題(ti)(ti),是否能很(hen)好地(di)解決(jue)這(zhe)個(ge)(ge)問(wen)題(ti)(ti),也成(cheng)為(wei)檢驗(yan)一個(ge)(ge)國家最終能否實現現代化(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)重要(yao)(yao)標志。今天,我(wo)們(men)黨(dang)作(zuo)出(chu)(chu)建(jian)設(she)(she)社(she)會主義(yi)新(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)重大(da)決(jue)策,同(tong)樣把村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)容(rong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)貌的(de)(de)(de)(de)改變作(zuo)為(wei)一個(ge)(ge)重要(yao)(yao)內(nei)(nei)容(rong)。這(zhe)一歷史性任務,有著(zhu)豐富的(de)(de)(de)(de)內(nei)(nei)涵和(he)(he)鮮明的(de)(de)(de)(de)特色。具體來說(shuo),就是要(yao)(yao)堅持以人為(wei)本,遵循客觀規律,尊(zun)重農(nong)民(min)意愿(yuan),推進包(bao)括整治村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)莊環境、完善配(pei)套設(she)(she)施、節(jie)約(yue)使(shi)用資(zi)源、改善公共服務、提高農(nong)民(min)素質、方便農(nong)民(min)生(sheng)產生(sheng)活在(zai)(zai)內(nei)(nei)的(de)(de)(de)(de)各(ge)項建(jian)設(she)(she),加(jia)快傳(chuan)統(tong)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)社(she)區向現代農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)社(she)區轉變。既要(yao)(yao)把新(xin)社(she)區建(jian)設(she)(she)與(yu)城市化(hua)建(jian)設(she)(she)統(tong)籌起來,又要(yao)(yao)防(fang)(fang)止(zhi)盲目照(zhao)抄照(zhao)搬城鎮(zhen)小區建(jian)設(she)(she)模式,防(fang)(fang)止(zhi)搞不切(qie)實際的(de)(de)(de)(de)大(da)拆大(da)建(jian),防(fang)(fang)止(zhi)搞勞民(min)傷財的(de)(de)(de)(de)形象(xiang)工(gong)程,防(fang)(fang)止(zhi)貪大(da)求洋,導致農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)傳(chuan)統(tong)文(wen)化(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)失落。

習近(jin)平: 《靠建設美村》(2006年4月19日),選自《之江新語》,浙江人民出(chu)版社,2007年8月版

“三農(nong)(nong)”工(gong)作必須(xu)遵循“兩個(ge)趨(qu)勢”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)轉換規(gui)律,形(xing)成“以(yi)(yi)工(gong)促農(nong)(nong)、以(yi)(yi)城帶鄉”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)作機制。新(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建設(she)(she)之所以(yi)(yi)“新(xin)”,很大程(cheng)度上(shang)就(jiu)在于(yu)跳出了(le)(le)就(jiu)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)抓農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)、就(jiu)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)抓農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)思路,提出了(le)(le)以(yi)(yi)反(fan)哺(bu)(bu)(bu)富(fu)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)、以(yi)(yi)反(fan)哺(bu)(bu)(bu)強農(nong)(nong)、以(yi)(yi)反(fan)哺(bu)(bu)(bu)利民(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)思路。我們(men)常說: 無農(nong)(nong)不穩(wen),無工(gong)不富(fu)。現(xian)代工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和服務業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)具有(you)比農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)高得多的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)生產率,創(chuang)造了(le)(le)大部分的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)社(she)會(hui)(hui)財富(fu),這(zhe)是(shi)一個(ge)不爭(zheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)事(shi)實(shi)。但是(shi)工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、服務業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)“富(fu)”要(yao)(yao)(yao)建立在農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)“穩(wen)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)基(ji)礎(chu)上(shang),只有(you)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)穩(wen)步致(zhi)富(fu),工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、服務業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)發展(zhan)(zhan)才能(neng)持續致(zhi)富(fu)。隨著(zhu)(zhu)社(she)會(hui)(hui)主義新(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建設(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)全面展(zhan)(zhan)開和深(shen)入推進,關于(yu)反(fan)哺(bu)(bu)(bu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)思想和方(fang)針已經深(shen)入人(ren)心(xin),日益(yi)(yi)成為(wei)各(ge)級黨委、政(zheng)府和廣大干部群眾的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)普(pu)遍共識。在工(gong)作實(shi)踐中,要(yao)(yao)(yao)注(zhu)重(zhong)把(ba)(ba)握反(fan)哺(bu)(bu)(bu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)具體形(xing)式(shi),針對(dui)不同(tong)(tong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)地區和對(dui)象提供(gong)不同(tong)(tong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)反(fan)哺(bu)(bu)(bu)方(fang)式(shi),努(nu)力提高反(fan)哺(bu)(bu)(bu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)效益(yi)(yi)。要(yao)(yao)(yao)注(zhu)重(zhong)把(ba)(ba)握反(fan)哺(bu)(bu)(bu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)互動(dong)過程(cheng),反(fan)哺(bu)(bu)(bu)不是(shi)一個(ge)單向的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)過程(cheng),本身也(ye)是(shi)有(you)利于(yu)加快工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、服務業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)發展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),不能(neng)把(ba)(ba)反(fan)哺(bu)(bu)(bu)單純地看做是(shi)一種(zhong)施舍,而要(yao)(yao)(yao)把(ba)(ba)它作為(wei)一個(ge)共贏的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)事(shi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)來做。只要(yao)(yao)(yao)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)經濟(ji)能(neng)夠(gou)持續發展(zhan)(zhan),農(nong)(nong)民(min)收入能(neng)夠(gou)持續增長(chang),我們(men)就(jiu)不愁發展(zhan)(zhan)空間。所以(yi)(yi),建設(she)(she)社(she)會(hui)(hui)主義新(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)絕不僅(jin)僅(jin)是(shi)為(wei)了(le)(le)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)發展(zhan)(zhan)和農(nong)(nong)民(min)富(fu)裕,而是(shi)關系到國家(jia)長(chang)治久安和民(min)族(zu)偉大復興(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)大戰略部署。這(zhe)是(shi)一著(zhu)(zhu)“活棋(qi)”,這(zhe)步棋(qi)走(zou)好了(le)(le),就(jiu)能(neng)夠(gou)帶動(dong)內需和消費。要(yao)(yao)(yao)注(zhu)重(zhong)把(ba)(ba)握反(fan)哺(bu)(bu)(bu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)點領域,特(te)別要(yao)(yao)(yao)突(tu)(tu)出反(fan)哺(bu)(bu)(bu)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)社(she)會(hui)(hui)事(shi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和欠發達(da)地區的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),通過重(zhong)點突(tu)(tu)破,全面推動(dong),使新(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建設(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)陽光普(pu)照(zhao)浙江(jiang)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)大地,使新(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建設(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)政(zheng)策普(pu)惠浙江(jiang)廣大農(nong)(nong)民(min)。

習近平: 《抓反哺富村》(2006年4月(yue)21日),選自《之江新語》,浙江人(ren)民出版(ban)社(she),2007年8月(yue)版(ban)

建(jian)設(she)社會主(zhu)義新(xin)農村,要把改(gai)革作為推進(jin)各項工作的(de)(de)動力源泉,作為解決(jue)各類問題(ti)的(de)(de)主(zhu)要途(tu)徑(jing)。

圍繞新農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)建設(she)的(de)(de)目(mu)標(biao)任務(wu),農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)綜合改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革是一個涉及鄉(xiang)鎮機構、縣鄉(xiang)財政體(ti)制(zhi)、戶籍(ji)管理、勞動就業(ye)、征(zheng)地制(zhi)度(du)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)金融(rong)、教育(yu)衛生(sheng)等在內(nei)的(de)(de)系(xi)統(tong)(tong)工程,是對工農(nong)(nong)(nong)之(zhi)間(jian)(jian)、城(cheng)鄉(xiang)之(zhi)間(jian)(jian)利益分配格局(ju)的(de)(de)全(quan)面調整和優化。可(ke)以說,農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)綜合改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革已經遠遠超(chao)出(chu)了農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)范圍,它的(de)(de)內(nei)容更(geng)加豐富(fu),領域更(geng)加廣泛,過程也更(geng)加復雜。推(tui)進農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)綜合改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革,要(yao)(yao)著(zhu)眼(yan)于(yu)城(cheng)鄉(xiang)一體(ti)化發(fa)(fa)展的(de)(de)新格局(ju),努力(li)構建促進“以工促農(nong)(nong)(nong)、以城(cheng)帶鄉(xiang)”的(de)(de)體(ti)制(zhi)機制(zhi)。要(yao)(yao)著(zhu)眼(yan)于(yu)激發(fa)(fa)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)發(fa)(fa)展活力(li),保障農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)的(de)(de)經濟、政治、文化權益,充(chong)分發(fa)(fa)揮(hui)農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)的(de)(de)積極性。要(yao)(yao)著(zhu)眼(yan)于(yu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革和其他改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革的(de)(de)有機聯(lian)系(xi),以及農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)綜合改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革各項任務(wu)之(zhi)間(jian)(jian)的(de)(de)內(nei)在統(tong)(tong)一,從整體(ti)上推(tui)進各項改(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)(gai)革,為新農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)建設(she)提(ti)供不(bu)竭的(de)(de)動力(li)。

習近平: 《促(cu)改革活(huo)村》(2006年4月(yue)(yue)24日),選自《之江新(xin)語》,浙江人民出版社(she),2007年8月(yue)(yue)版

建(jian)設(she)(she)社會(hui)主義新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),人(ren)(ren)是(shi)最(zui)活躍的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)因素,最(zui)關(guan)鍵的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)內容,最(zui)基本的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)前提(ti)。新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)是(shi)一項全(quan)面(mian)(mian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)設(she)(she)任務,不但要(yao)抓(zhua)(zhua)硬件,還(huan)要(yao)抓(zhua)(zhua)軟(ruan)件;不但要(yao)有新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),還(huan)要(yao)有新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min);不但要(yao)推進(jin)經(jing)(jing)濟建(jian)設(she)(she),還(huan)要(yao)推進(jin)政(zheng)治、文(wen)化和(he)社會(hui)建(jian)設(she)(she)。其核(he)心就是(shi)人(ren)(ren),歸宿也都是(shi)人(ren)(ren)。美國農(nong)(nong)業經(jing)(jing)濟學家舒(shu)爾茨曾經(jing)(jing)提(ti)出一個著名論(lun)斷: 現代(dai)化的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)過程是(shi)“人(ren)(ren)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)經(jing)(jing)濟價(jia)(jia)值不斷提(ti)高(gao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)過程”。這句話的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)確切含義,是(shi)指(zhi)在現代(dai)化的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)過程中,人(ren)(ren)通過創造更多的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)經(jing)(jing)濟價(jia)(jia)值提(ti)高(gao)了(le)自(zi)身價(jia)(jia)值。借用這一理論(lun),建(jian)設(she)(she)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)也應該是(shi)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)自(zi)身價(jia)(jia)值、自(zi)身素質(zhi)不斷提(ti)高(gao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)過程。如果我們改(gai)(gai)變了(le)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)外在面(mian)(mian)貌,卻沒有改(gai)(gai)變農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)精神面(mian)(mian)貌,那么新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)還(huan)是(shi)在低層(ceng)次開展。只有在建(jian)設(she)(she)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)、發(fa)展農(nong)(nong)業的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)同時,用現代(dai)文(wen)明、先進(jin)理念武裝農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)、提(ti)高(gao)農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min),努(nu)力使農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)成為具有新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)理念、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)思想、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)知識、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)文(wen)化、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)精神、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)技能、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)素質(zhi)、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能力的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)型農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min),新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)才(cai)具有更加深遠(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)意義和(he)更加長(chang)久的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)活力,才(cai)能取得(de)真正的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)成效。鑒于此,我們要(yao)把(ba)“講文(wen)明興村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)”放到新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重要(yao)位置(zhi)來抓(zhua)(zhua),積極開展以“八(ba)榮(rong)八(ba)恥”為主要(yao)內容的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)社會(hui)主義榮(rong)辱(ru)觀教育,建(jian)立健(jian)全(quan)培訓農(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)、增強素質(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)長(chang)效機制,從而促進(jin)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)人(ren)(ren)口優(you)(you)勢(shi)(shi)向人(ren)(ren)力資本優(you)(you)勢(shi)(shi)轉變。

習近平: 《講文(wen)明興(xing)村》(2006年4月(yue)26日),選自《之江新語》,浙江人民出版社,2007年8月(yue)版

農(nong)村(cun)穩才能天下(xia)(xia)穩。我(wo)國(guo)著名社(she)會(hui)學(xue)家費孝通(tong)先(xian)生(sheng)在(zai)(zai)《鄉土中(zhong)國(guo)》一(yi)(yi)書中(zhong)提(ti)出,傳統的(de)(de)中(zhong)國(guo)農(nong)村(cun)是靠(kao)推(tui)行“禮治秩(zhi)序”來進(jin)行治理、實現(xian)穩定的(de)(de)。這種以(yi)傳統倫(lun)理綱(gang)常為(wei)主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)內容(rong)的(de)(de)“禮治秩(zhi)序”在(zai)(zai)我(wo)國(guo)農(nong)村(cun)維持了幾千年(nian),至今還在(zai)(zai)一(yi)(yi)定程度上影(ying)響(xiang)著農(nong)民的(de)(de)思(si)想(xiang)和(he)行為(wei)。如今的(de)(de)中(zhong)國(guo)農(nong)村(cun),已經發(fa)生(sheng)了翻(fan)天覆地(di)的(de)(de)變(bian)化,農(nong)民的(de)(de)生(sheng)產生(sheng)活方式(shi)和(he)思(si)想(xiang)觀念有了很(hen)大(da)的(de)(de)進(jin)步。在(zai)(zai)建設社(she)會(hui)主(zhu)義新農(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)新形勢(shi)下(xia)(xia),要(yao)(yao)實現(xian)農(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)和(he)諧穩定和(he)長治久安,就(jiu)必須繼續加強思(si)想(xiang)道德(de)建設,深入開展以(yi)“八(ba)榮八(ba)恥”為(wei)主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)內容(rong)的(de)(de)社(she)會(hui)主(zhu)義榮辱觀教育,用(yong)社(she)會(hui)主(zhu)義先(xian)進(jin)文(wen)化教育人(ren)、引導(dao)人(ren)、激勵人(ren)。同(tong)時,堅持德(de)治與法(fa)(fa)治并舉,建立一(yi)(yi)種符合農(nong)村(cun)經濟社(she)會(hui)發(fa)展要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)的(de)(de)“法(fa)(fa)治秩(zhi)序”

習近(jin)平: 《建法治安(an)村》(2006年4月28日),選自《之江新(xin)語》,浙江人(ren)民(min)出(chu)版社,2007年8月版

村(cun)級(ji)黨(dang)組(zu)織是(shi)黨(dang)在農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)全(quan)部工作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)基(ji)(ji)(ji)礎。在推進(jin)社會(hui)主義(yi)(yi)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)建設的(de)(de)(de)過(guo)程中,要選(xuan)準配強(qiang)(qiang)村(cun)級(ji)黨(dang)支部班(ban)子(zi),切實把那些(xie)政治素(su)質好、品(pin)德作(zuo)(zuo)風(feng)正派、處事(shi)公正公平、勇于創新(xin)(xin)、能(neng)(neng)帶(dai)領(ling)(ling)農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)群眾增(zeng)(zeng)收(shou)致富的(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)人選(xuan)進(jin)班(ban)子(zi),培養一大(da)批(pi)優秀的(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)基(ji)(ji)(ji)層干(gan)部。這既是(shi)增(zeng)(zeng)強(qiang)(qiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)基(ji)(ji)(ji)層組(zu)織、發揮戰斗堡壘作(zuo)(zuo)用的(de)(de)(de)基(ji)(ji)(ji)礎,也是(shi)推進(jin)社會(hui)主義(yi)(yi)新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)建設的(de)(de)(de)關鍵。強(qiang)(qiang)班(ban)子(zi)必須(xu)貫徹到認(ren)識(shi)上,抓好正在開展的(de)(de)(de)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)保持(chi)共產(chan)黨(dang)員先進(jin)性教育活動(dong),努(nu)力提高農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)基(ji)(ji)(ji)層干(gan)部對上對下高度負(fu)責的(de)(de)(de)精(jing)神(shen)和強(qiang)(qiang)烈的(de)(de)(de)責任感。強(qiang)(qiang)班(ban)子(zi)必須(xu)體現到精(jing)神(shen)上,大(da)力弘(hong)揚與時(shi)俱進(jin)的(de)(de)(de)浙(zhe)江精(jing)神(shen),充分發揮基(ji)(ji)(ji)層干(gan)部的(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)動(dong)性和創造性,引導(dao)基(ji)(ji)(ji)層干(gan)部愛民(min)樹風(feng)范、甘于作(zuo)(zuo)奉獻。強(qiang)(qiang)班(ban)子(zi)必須(xu)落實到能(neng)(neng)力上,在建設新(xin)(xin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)的(de)(de)(de)實踐(jian)中不斷增(zeng)(zeng)強(qiang)(qiang)帶(dai)領(ling)(ling)群眾發展經濟、增(zeng)(zeng)收(shou)致富的(de)(de)(de)本領(ling)(ling),立足村(cun)情,發揮優勢,大(da)膽探索,加快發展。

習近平: 《強班子帶村》(2006年(nian)4月30日),選自《之江(jiang)(jiang)新語(yu)》,浙(zhe)江(jiang)(jiang)人民(min)出(chu)版社,2007年(nian)8月版

我向(xiang)干(gan)部和黨員提四點要求。

第一(yi),要(yao)做發(fa)展(zhan)帶(dai)頭(tou)人。新(xin)農村(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)的(de)首要(yao)任務是發(fa)展(zhan)農村(cun)(cun)生產(chan)(chan)力,不斷增加(jia)農民收入。必須積極教育引(yin)導農村(cun)(cun)黨(dang)員(yuan),使其主(zhu)動帶(dai)領群(qun)眾變換腦筋(jin),接(jie)受新(xin)鮮事物(wu),樹立大農業(ye)、大市場、大合作的(de)新(xin)觀念。發(fa)揮科(ke)技(ji)示范基地的(de)作用,不僅自(zi)己(ji)要(yao)帶(dai)頭(tou),而且要(yao)帶(dai)領廣大群(qun)眾一(yi)起學習(xi)科(ke)技(ji)知識(shi)、管理(li)方法(fa)(fa),加(jia)強(qiang)就業(ye)技(ji)能(neng)培訓,掌握就業(ye)和致富(fu)本領。要(yao)引(yin)導群(qun)眾進(jin)行產(chan)(chan)業(ye)結構調(diao)整(zheng),大力發(fa)展(zhan)二、三(san)產(chan)(chan)業(ye),做前人不敢(gan)做的(de)事、前人沒做成(cheng)的(de)事。對于村(cun)(cun)里(li)新(xin)農村(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)的(de)三(san)年規劃,要(yao)精心組織,一(yi)件一(yi)件抓好落實,總結好的(de)經驗(yan)和做法(fa)(fa),努力把下姜村(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)成(cheng)為新(xin)農村(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)的(de)示范村(cun)(cun)。

第(di)二,要(yao)(yao)(yao)做新(xin)風示范人。黨(dang)(dang)員(yuan)和(he)干(gan)部(bu)(bu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)樹立以“八(ba)榮(rong)八(ba)恥”為主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)內容的(de)(de)(de)(de)社會主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義榮(rong)辱觀,帶頭(tou)移風易俗,倡導(dao)健康文明的(de)(de)(de)(de)生活方式(shi),做引領農村新(xin)風尚的(de)(de)(de)(de)先鋒。要(yao)(yao)(yao)認真貫(guan)徹省委關(guan)(guan)(guan)于建(jian)設(she)“法治浙江”的(de)(de)(de)(de)決策部(bu)(bu)署(shu),引導(dao)群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)正確處理國家(jia)、集體和(he)個(ge)人之(zhi)間的(de)(de)(de)(de)利益(yi)關(guan)(guan)(guan)系,關(guan)(guan)(guan)心(xin)支持(chi)集體公益(yi)事業(ye),積(ji)(ji)極(ji)參與民主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)管理村務(wu)工作(zuo)。黨(dang)(dang)員(yuan)和(he)干(gan)部(bu)(bu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)積(ji)(ji)極(ji)支持(chi)村組織的(de)(de)(de)(de)工作(zuo),自(zi)覺(jue)維護組織威信,執(zhi)行組織決定,帶頭(tou)落實工作(zuo),并(bing)向群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)宣傳好黨(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)方針政策,解釋好組織的(de)(de)(de)(de)決定,提高(gao)群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)依法依規(gui)按政策辦(ban)事的(de)(de)(de)(de)自(zi)覺(jue)性。黨(dang)(dang)員(yuan)和(he)干(gan)部(bu)(bu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)加(jia)強自(zi)身(shen)修養,把自(zi)覺(jue)遵守國家(jia)法律和(he)黨(dang)(dang)紀黨(dang)(dang)規(gui)作(zuo)為最起碼(ma)的(de)(de)(de)(de)要(yao)(yao)(yao)求,做到違法的(de)(de)(de)(de)事不干(gan)、違紀的(de)(de)(de)(de)事不做、有損黨(dang)(dang)員(yuan)形象的(de)(de)(de)(de)話(hua)不說,帶頭(tou)執(zhi)行村規(gui)民約(yue),切實為群(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)樹立榜樣,在建(jian)立社會主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)義農村新(xin)風尚中體現先進性。

第三,要做和(he)(he)諧引領人(ren)。農村(cun)的(de)(de)(de)和(he)(he)諧是(shi)(shi)(shi)構建(jian)社(she)(she)(she)會(hui)主義和(he)(he)諧社(she)(she)(she)會(hui)的(de)(de)(de)基礎(chu),也是(shi)(shi)(shi)建(jian)設“平安浙(zhe)江”的(de)(de)(de)基礎(chu)。黨(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)和(he)(he)干部要廣泛搜(sou)集社(she)(she)(she)情民意,帶頭(tou)抓好(hao)(hao)村(cun)里矛盾糾紛(fen)的(de)(de)(de)排查調處,及時(shi)向(xiang)組(zu)織(zhi)反映群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)意見和(he)(he)想法,維(wei)護農民群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)合法權益,為黨(dang)組(zu)織(zhi)決策當好(hao)(hao)參謀與助手(shou),為維(wei)護農村(cun)的(de)(de)(de)和(he)(he)諧穩定(ding)獻策盡(jin)力。特別是(shi)(shi)(shi)現在(zai)先進性教育(yu)活動即將(jiang)進入尾聲(sheng),每個黨(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)和(he)(he)干部一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)定(ding)把(ba)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)提出的(de)(de)(de)意見整改到位,認(ren)真做好(hao)(hao)總結提高、“回頭(tou)看(kan)”等工作,切實取信于群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)。一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)名(ming)黨(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)就是(shi)(shi)(shi)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)面(mian)鏡子、一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)面(mian)旗幟,黨(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)始(shi)終保持(chi)先進性,群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)愿意向(xiang)黨(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)看(kan)齊,就會(hui)成為社(she)(she)(she)會(hui)和(he)(he)諧的(de)(de)(de)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)個重要保證。

第(di)四,要做群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)貼(tie)心(xin)人(ren)。下姜村(cun)在(zai)做好(hao)(hao)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)工作方面積累了一些好(hao)(hao)經驗好(hao)(hao)做法。今(jin)后還要進一步完(wan)善農(nong)村(cun)黨員(yuan)干部聯(lian)系(xi)點制(zhi)度(du)和農(nong)村(cun)普通黨員(yuan)分片聯(lian)系(xi)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)制(zhi)度(du),引導和鼓勵農(nong)村(cun)黨員(yuan)與農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)開展廣泛(fan)深入的談(tan)心(xin)交(jiao)心(xin)活動(dong),集中民(min)(min)(min)(min)智,尊重(zhong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)權,順應民(min)(min)(min)(min)意,維(wei)護民(min)(min)(min)(min)利,贏(ying)得民(min)(min)(min)(min)心(xin)。村(cun)“兩委“和黨員(yuan)要積極為群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)辦實事、解難事、做好(hao)(hao)事,始終與農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)同呼吸(xi)、共命運、心(xin)連心(xin),保(bao)持(chi)黨同人(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)群(qun)(qun)眾(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的血肉(rou)聯(lian)系(xi),鞏固(gu)黨在(zai)農(nong)村(cun)的執政(zheng)基礎。

習(xi)近平2006年(nian)5月(yue)25日在(zai)浙江省淳安縣楓(feng)樹(shu)嶺鎮(zhen)下姜村(cun)與(yu)鎮(zhen)村(cun)干部和村(cun)民代(dai)表座談時的(de)講話,選自《干在(zai)實(shi)處(chu)走(zou)在(zai)前列》,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央黨校出版(ban)社,2006年(nian)12月(yue)版(ban)

現(xian)在(zai)推進社(she)會主義(yi)新農(nong)村(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she),也(ye)不要把(ba)社(she)會主義(yi)新農(nong)村(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she)變成新村(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she),更不要在(zai)建(jian)設(she)(she)過程中(zhong)把(ba)那(nei)些(xie)具有文化(hua)價值和地方特(te)色(se)的(de)歷史(shi)建(jian)筑通通掃蕩了(le)。有的(de)新農(nong)村(cun)恰恰是要保持(chi)歷史(shi)原貌的(de)古村(cun)落(luo),如(ru)蘭溪的(de)八(ba)卦村(cun)等,就是要保護它(ta)的(de)原貌,體現(xian)它(ta)的(de)歷史(shi)美,不能(neng)去破壞它(ta)。

習近平2006年(nian)(nian)6月10日在“文化(hua)遺產日”調(diao)研時的講(jiang)話(hua),選自《干在實(shi)處(chu)走在前列》,中共中央(yang)黨校出(chu)版社,2006年(nian)(nian)12月版

建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)社(she)(she)會(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)是在(zai)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)貫徹落(luo)實科(ke)(ke)學發(fa)展(zhan)觀(guan)的(de)(de)生(sheng)動實踐。必須始(shi)終(zhong)以科(ke)(ke)學發(fa)展(zhan)觀(guan)為指導,堅持以人為本(ben)、科(ke)(ke)學發(fa)展(zhan),順應(ying)農(nong)民群眾(zhong)迫切要求改善生(sheng)產、生(sheng)活、生(sheng)態(tai)條件的(de)(de)強烈(lie)愿望,堅持以農(nong)民群眾(zhong)為主(zhu)體,充分(fen)發(fa)揮黨政(zheng)主(zhu)導、規(gui)劃先導、投入利(li)導、政(zheng)策(ce)(ce)指導、改革(ge)引導的(de)(de)作用(yong),在(zai)工(gong)作決策(ce)(ce)、建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)內(nei)容、推進機(ji)制(zhi)和(he)工(gong)作方(fang)法上都注重體現(xian)科(ke)(ke)學性。實施(shi)“千村(cun)(cun)(cun)示(shi)范、萬(wan)村(cun)(cun)(cun)整治”工(gong)程作為建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)新(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)重要組成(cheng)部分(fen),要按(an)照統(tong)籌城鄉規(gui)劃建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)和(he)統(tong)籌經濟社(she)(she)會(hui)發(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)思(si)路和(he)方(fang)法來(lai)(lai)推進,以村(cun)(cun)(cun)莊整治和(he)示(shi)范村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)為切入點,把改善村(cun)(cun)(cun)容村(cun)(cun)(cun)貌與發(fa)展(zhan)生(sheng)產結合(he)起來(lai)(lai),把村(cun)(cun)(cun)莊規(gui)劃建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)與農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)基礎(chu)設(she)施(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)、社(she)(she)會(hui)事業建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)、公(gong)共服務體系建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)結合(he)起來(lai)(lai),以農(nong)民思(si)想教育、農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)民主(zhu)政(zheng)治建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)和(he)基層黨組織建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)來(lai)(lai)推動工(gong)程建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she),全面體現(xian)社(she)(she)會(hui)主(zhu)義新(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)的(de)(de)精神實質和(he)科(ke)(ke)學內(nei)涵。

習近平: 《建設新(xin)農村要(yao)體現(xian)科學(xue)發展理念》(2006年9月6日(ri)),選自《之江新(xin)語》,浙江人民出版(ban)社,2007年8月版(ban)

建設(she)社會主(zhu)(zhu)義新農村必須堅持因地(di)制宜、分類指(zhi)導,以點帶面、典型(xing)示范,民(min)主(zhu)(zhu)決策、規范運作。實(shi)施“千村示范、萬村整(zheng)治(zhi)”工程正是因地(di)制宜的必然(ran)選擇。

習近平: 《建設(she)新(xin)農村(cun)要體現(xian)因地制宜原則》(2006年9月8日),選自《之江(jiang)(jiang)新(xin)語(yu)》,浙江(jiang)(jiang)人民(min)出版(ban)社,2007年8月版(ban)

科(ke)學(xue)規(gui)劃是建設(she)(she)(she)社(she)會主義(yi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)的(de)基礎,特(te)(te)別是規(gui)劃還(huan)決(jue)定著農(nong)村(cun)(cun)新(xin)(xin)(xin)社(she)區(qu)發(fa)展的(de)方(fang)向和建設(she)(she)(she)的(de)水準(zhun)。建設(she)(she)(she)應該講成本(ben),規(gui)劃必須高要求(qiu)(qiu)。規(gui)劃設(she)(she)(she)計要由有(you)資質的(de)單(dan)位(wei)來(lai)做,各類規(gui)劃不能降低水平(ping)、降格以求(qiu)(qiu),更不能胡亂規(gui)劃、草率(lv)規(gui)劃。新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)建設(she)(she)(she)的(de)具體(ti)規(gui)劃,要按照統籌城(cheng)鄉發(fa)展的(de)思路,對推(tui)進(jin)新(xin)(xin)(xin)型(xing)城(cheng)市化和建設(she)(she)(she)新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)進(jin)行統籌安(an)排,對城(cheng)市發(fa)展建設(she)(she)(she)規(gui)劃和新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)建設(she)(she)(she)規(gui)劃進(jin)行統籌考慮(lv),特(te)(te)別是要充(chong)分體(ti)現(xian)出農(nong)村(cun)(cun)社(she)區(qu)的(de)區(qu)域特(te)(te)點(dian)、文(wen)化特(te)(te)征,形(xing)成特(te)(te)色(se)(se)、注(zhu)重品位(wei)、突出魅(mei)力(li)。從大(da)的(de)方(fang)面來(lai)說(shuo),建設(she)(she)(she)新(xin)(xin)(xin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)要注(zhu)意發(fa)達地區(qu)與欠發(fa)達地區(qu)不一樣,山區(qu)、平(ping)原、丘陵、沿海、島嶼不一樣,城(cheng)郊型(xing)與純(chun)農(nong)業村(cun)(cun)莊也(ye)(ye)不一樣。從小的(de)方(fang)面來(lai)說(shuo),也(ye)(ye)要注(zhu)意圍繞特(te)(te)色(se)(se)做文(wen)章,杜(du)絕(jue)盲目攀(pan)比,反對貪(tan)大(da)求(qiu)(qiu)洋,防(fang)止照搬照抄,避免千村(cun)(cun)一面,從而讓(rang)更多的(de)村(cun)(cun)莊成為充(chong)滿生機活力(li)和特(te)(te)色(se)(se)魅(mei)力(li)的(de)富麗(li)村(cun)(cun)莊。

習近平(ping): 《從規(gui)劃開始(shi)強化(hua)特色(se)》(2006年(nian)9月11日),選自《之江新語》,浙江人民出版(ban)社,2007年(nian)8月版(ban)

縣委書記要(yao)強化責(ze)任(ren),牢(lao)記自(zi)己是推動(dong)縣域農(nong)村改革(ge)發(fa)展(zhan)的(de)第一(yi)責(ze)任(ren)人,推動(dong)農(nong)村改革(ge)發(fa)展(zhan)責(ze)無旁(pang)貸,必須(xu)逐級(ji)明確責(ze)任(ren),強化工作措施,一(yi)級(ji)抓一(yi)級(ji),層(ceng)層(ceng)抓落(luo)實(shi)。要(yao)提高(gao)本(ben)領,把《中(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)央(yang)關于推進農(nong)村改革(ge)發(fa)展(zhan)若干重大問題的(de)決(jue)定》精神和(he)(he)本(ben)地實(shi)際結合起來,形成科學的(de)工作思路和(he)(he)有效的(de)工作措施,不斷提高(gao)駕(jia)馭全局(ju)、應對復雜(za)局(ju)面(mian)、自(zi)覺(jue)推進農(nong)村改革(ge)發(fa)展(zhan)的(de)能力。要(yao)錘煉作風,堅持權為(wei)(wei)民(min)(min)(min)所(suo)(suo)用(yong)、情為(wei)(wei)民(min)(min)(min)所(suo)(suo)系、利(li)為(wei)(wei)民(min)(min)(min)所(suo)(suo)謀,在工作中(zhong)自(zi)覺(jue)貼(tie)近農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)、關心農(nong)民(min)(min)(min),維護農(nong)民(min)(min)(min)利(li)益,講實(shi)話(hua)、辦(ban)實(shi)事,真抓實(shi)干、務求實(shi)效,秉(bing)公用(yong)權、廉(lian)(lian)潔(jie)從政,自(zi)覺(jue)接受監督,做清正廉(lian)(lian)潔(jie)的(de)表率。

習近平2008年11月25日在(zai)學習貫徹黨的十七屆(jie)三(san)中全會精神縣委(wei)書記培(pei)訓班學員代表座談會上的講話(hua)

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