火狐体育

今天是(shi):

   您是第 12978344 位訪客

   當前位置: 火狐体育 >> 特色欄目 >> 百家爭鳴 >> 正文
加快完善現代種業全產業鏈
發布時間: 2021-09-03 10:25:52    作者: 常欽    來源:火狐体育

在新(xin)的起點上推進(jin)種(zhong)(zhong)業振興,必須夯實種(zhong)(zhong)業發展基礎(chu),提高(gao)種(zhong)(zhong)業自主創新(xin)能力,確保良種(zhong)(zhong)供應安(an)全(quan),全(quan)面提高(gao)農(nong)業現(xian)代化(hua)水平(ping)

種業(ye)包括品種選育、種子繁殖、推(tui)廣銷(xiao)售等(deng)環節,打(da)好種業(ye)翻身仗,必須加快(kuai)完善現代種業(ye)全(quan)產(chan)業(ye)鏈,促進產(chan)學研用結合,育繁推(tui)一體化

種(zhong)子(zi)是(shi)農業(ye)的(de)(de)“芯片”。習近平(ping)總書(shu)記(ji)主持(chi)召開(kai)中(zhong)央全面深化(hua)改(gai)革(ge)委員會第二(er)十次會議(yi)強調: “農業(ye)現(xian)代(dai)化(hua),種(zhong)子(zi)是(shi)基礎,必須把民族(zu)種(zhong)業(ye)搞上去,把種(zhong)源安全提(ti)升到關系國家安全的(de)(de)戰略高度,集中(zhong)力量破難題、補(bu)短板(ban)、強優勢、控風(feng)險,實(shi)現(xian)種(zhong)業(ye)科(ke)技自(zi)立自(zi)強、種(zhong)源自(zi)主可控。”在新(xin)的(de)(de)起點上推(tui)進(jin)種(zhong)業(ye)振興,必須夯實(shi)種(zhong)業(ye)發(fa)展(zhan)基礎,提(ti)高種(zhong)業(ye)自(zi)主創新(xin)能力,確保良(liang)種(zhong)供(gong)應(ying)安全,全面提(ti)高農業(ye)現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)水平(ping)。

國以農(nong)為(wei)(wei)本,農(nong)以種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)為(wei)(wei)先。當前,我國主要(yao)農(nong)作(zuo)物良種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)基(ji)本實現(xian)全(quan)(quan)覆蓋,自主選(xuan)育品種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)面(mian)積占95%以上,主要(yao)畜禽核心種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)源(yuan)自給(gei)率(lv)超過(guo)75%,為(wei)(wei)糧食(shi)(shi)和(he)重(zhong)要(yao)農(nong)產品穩(wen)產保(bao)供作(zuo)出(chu)了重(zhong)要(yao)貢獻。但種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)業(ye)發(fa)展(zhan)基(ji)礎(chu)仍不牢固,保(bao)障(zhang)種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)源(yuan)自主可(ke)控比(bi)過(guo)去(qu)任(ren)何(he)時候都更加緊(jin)迫,糧食(shi)(shi)安(an)全(quan)(quan)這根弦(xian)比(bi)過(guo)去(qu)任(ren)何(he)時候都要(yao)繃得更緊(jin)。不久前,國家(jia)發(fa)展(zhan)改革委、農(nong)業(ye)農(nong)村部聯合印發(fa)《“十(shi)四五”現(xian)代種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)業(ye)提升工程(cheng)建(jian)設(she)規劃》,對“十(shi)四五”我國種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)業(ye)基(ji)礎(chu)設(she)施建(jian)設(she)布局作(zuo)出(chu)全(quan)(quan)面(mian)部署安(an)排,為(wei)(wei)加快推進種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)業(ye)振興,實現(xian)種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)業(ye)科技自立(li)自強、種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)源(yuan)自主可(ke)控提供了支撐。

農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)種(zhong)質資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)是現代種(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)發(fa)展(zhan)的(de)基(ji)礎。我國(guo)的(de)鄭麥9023、矮(ai)抗58等小麥品種(zhong)就是在農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)種(zhong)質資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)中提取出抗逆和(he)(he)抗病基(ji)因,經過(guo)科研推廣,成為(wei)全國(guo)種(zhong)植面積位居前(qian)列的(de)小麥品種(zhong)。當前(qian),隨著環境(jing)變(bian)化(hua),部分(fen)種(zhong)質資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)消(xiao)失(shi)的(de)風險(xian)增加(jia),需(xu)要加(jia)快(kuai)摸清我國(guo)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)種(zhong)質資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)家底和(he)(he)發(fa)展(zhan)變(bian)化(hua)趨勢,有效收(shou)集和(he)(he)保(bao)護(hu)珍稀、瀕危、特有資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),實現應收(shou)盡(jin)收(shou)、應保(bao)盡(jin)保(bao)。同時,應讓種(zhong)質資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)動起來、用起來,完善(shan)種(zhong)質資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)信息(xi)公開和(he)(he)共享交流(liu)機制,構建(jian)全國(guo)統一的(de)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)種(zhong)質資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)大數據平臺,將資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)優勢轉(zhuan)化(hua)為(wei)種(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)優勢,促進優質種(zhong)質資(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)高效共享利用。

種(zhong)(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)包(bao)括品種(zhong)(zhong)選育、種(zhong)(zhong)子(zi)繁殖(zhi)、推廣銷售等(deng)環(huan)節,打好(hao)(hao)種(zhong)(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)翻身仗(zhang),必須加快完善現代(dai)種(zhong)(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)產業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈,促進產學研用結合,育繁推一(yi)(yi)體化(hua),讓(rang)一(yi)(yi)粒(li)粒(li)好(hao)(hao)種(zhong)(zhong)子(zi)成為農民的致富幫手。目前,我國種(zhong)(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)已進入(ru)以(yi)自主創新(xin)(xin)為驅動(dong)力(li)的發展新(xin)(xin)階段(duan),持續(xu)加強(qiang)關(guan)(guan)鍵核心(xin)技(ji)術(shu)攻(gong)關(guan)(guan),深入(ru)實施農作物和畜禽育種(zhong)(zhong)聯(lian)合攻(gong)關(guan)(guan),加強(qiang)基礎性(xing)前沿性(xing)研究,才能更(geng)好(hao)(hao)打造我國現代(dai)農業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)核心(xin)競爭力(li),推動(dong)更(geng)多(duo)本(ben)土(tu)品種(zhong)(zhong)升級換代(dai)。同時,強(qiang)化(hua)企(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)創新(xin)(xin)主體地(di)位,引導技(ji)術(shu)、人才、資本(ben)等(deng)要素向優勢企(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集聚,推動(dong)提(ti)升品種(zhong)(zhong)研發、產品開發、產業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)應用的全(quan)鏈條(tiao)現代(dai)化(hua)水平,通過示范帶(dai)動(dong)、良(liang)種(zhong)(zhong)繁育等(deng)合作形式(shi),打通良(liang)種(zhong)(zhong)進村入(ru)戶的“最后一(yi)(yi)公里(li)”,讓(rang)好(hao)(hao)種(zhong)(zhong)子(zi)惠及更(geng)多(duo)農民,帶(dai)動(dong)農業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)提(ti)質增效。

種(zhong)業的(de)(de)生命力在于原始創新(xin),需要健全(quan)的(de)(de)知識(shi)產(chan)權保護(hu)制度保駕護(hu)航。如(ru)果沒有強有力的(de)(de)制度保護(hu)種(zhong)業知識(shi)產(chan)權,就會(hui)影(ying)響(xiang)本土企(qi)業創新(xin)的(de)(de)積(ji)極性(xing),進(jin)而影(ying)響(xiang)糧(liang)食安全(quan)和農民切(qie)身利益(yi)。對此,應抓好源頭管理,針對品種(zhong)同質化問(wen)(wen)題(ti),聚焦產(chan)量和抗性(xing)等重(zhong)(zhong)點指標(biao),加快(kuai)修訂審(shen)定(ding)標(biao)準,提高審(shen)定(ding)門檻。各地(di)(di)要加快(kuai)修訂地(di)(di)方標(biao)準,從嚴(yan)審(shen)定(ding)品種(zhong),開展(zhan)已登記品種(zhong)清理。同時,擴大(da)監督(du)面,綜合(he)運用行政、互聯(lian)網等多種(zhong)手段,推行全(quan)鏈條、全(quan)流程監管,對假(jia)冒偽劣(lie)、套牌(pai)侵權等突出問(wen)(wen)題(ti)要重(zhong)(zhong)拳出擊,讓侵權者付出沉(chen)重(zhong)(zhong)代價。

展望“十(shi)四(si)五(wu)”,以建設現(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)種(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)強國為(wei)目標,加(jia)快構建科學高效的種(zhong)質資源保護利用體(ti)(ti)系、種(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)自主創(chuang)新體(ti)(ti)系、良種(zhong)生產(chan)保障體(ti)(ti)系、監(jian)管服務體(ti)(ti)系,進一(yi)步強化(hua)種(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)知識產(chan)權創(chuang)造(zao)、保護和(he)運(yun)用,這必(bi)將(jiang)全面(mian)提升種(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)質量效益(yi)和(he)核心競爭力(li)(li),為(wei)實現(xian)(xian)我國保障國家糧食安全、加(jia)快農業(ye)(ye)(ye)農村現(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)化(hua)提供更加(jia)有力(li)(li)的支(zhi)撐。

   版權所有:火狐体育